Labour Force Survey
Labour Force Surveys are statistical surveys conducted in a number of countries designed to capture data about the labour market. All European Union member states are required to conduct a Labour Force Survey annually. Labour Force Surveys are also carried out in some non-EU countries. They are used to calculate the International Labour Organization (ILO)-defined unemployment rate. The ILO agrees the definitions and concepts employed in Labour Force Surveys.
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Prior to 1998, EU member states were required to conduct an LFS in one quarter per year, but as a result of Council Regulation (EEC) No. 577/98 of 9 March 1998 they are now expected to submit LFS results for every quarter to Eurostat. Responsibility for sample selection, questionnaire design and fieldwork lies with member states' national statistical offices, who then forward the results to Eurostat, employing a common coding scheme.
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) conducted the United Kingdom's first Labour Force Survey in 1973 and repeated it every two years until 1983. The European Community then introduced a requirement for all of its member states to conduct an LFS and the ONS introduced a quarterly element to its LFS. The UK switched to a full quarterly survey in 1992, initially with seasonal quarters but moving to calendar quarters in 2006.
The first Australian LFS was conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in November 1960. Initially, the LFS was conducted only in state capitals, in February, May, August, and November, but in February 1964 it was rolled out to the whole of Australia. The last quarterly survey was conducted in November 1977. The LFS became monthly in February 1978, when the range of topics covered was increased and the LFS measure became the official measure of unemployment.
In addition to being used to generate official statistics, data from the LFS are employed by academics and other researchers. In the UK, for example, the LFS has been used as a data source for research projects on topics such as female employment, the economic returns to education, migration and ethnic minority groups.
- "Labour Force Survey". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-12-07.
- "Labour Force Surveys". International Labour Organization. Retrieved 2008-12-07.
- Lipsey, Richard G; Chrystal, Alec (2007). Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 569. ISBN 0199286418.
- Browne, Lester; Alstrup, Peter (July 2006). "What Exactly is the Labour Force Survey?" (PDF) (4th ed.). Office for National Statistics. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- "European Union Labour Force Survey (EU LFS): Description of dataset". Eurostat. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- "European Union Labour Force Survey – Eurostat metadata in SDDS format: Summary methodology". Eurostat. 2007-02-21. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- Trewin, Dennis (2005). "History of the monthly Labour Force Survey". 2005 Year Book Australia. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. pp. 212–214. ISSN 0312-4746.
- "New Zealand". Sources and Methods: Labour Statistics – Volume 3: Economically active population, employment, unemployment and hours of work (household surveys). International Labour Organization. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- "Usage of the Labour Force Survey". ESDS Government. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- "How is the Labour Force Survey used?" (PDF). ESDS Government. 2008. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- Volume 3: Economically active population, employment, unemployment and hours of work (household surveys) of the International Labour Organization's Sources and Methods: Labour Statistics: provides details of the labour force and household surveys conducted by a range of countries