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Temporal range: Eocene–Recent
Labrus mixtus (bimaculatus)F - Stefano Guerrieri.jpg
Cuckoo wrasse (L. mixtus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Labroidei
Family: Labridae
Subfamily: Labrinae
Genus: Labrus
Linnaeus, 1758
Type species
Labrus mixtus
Linnaeus, 1758
  • Cicla Klein, 1776 (not available)
  • Cicla Walbaum, 1792 (not available)
  • Cicla Artedi, 1793

Labrus is a genus of wrasses native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean into the Mediterranean and Black seas.[1]


The four currently recognized species in this genus are:[1]

Fossil record[edit]

Fossil of Labrus valencienniesii

Fossils of Labrus are found from the Eocene to the Quaternary (age range: from 55.8 to 0.781 million years ago.). They are known from various localities of France, Italy and United Kingdom. [2]


  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Labrus in FishBase. August 2013 version.
  2. ^ Paleobiology Database