Lac-aux-Sables, Quebec

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Lac-aux-Sables
Parish municipality
Main street of Lac-aux-Sables village
Main street of Lac-aux-Sables village
Location within Mékinac RCM.
Location within Mékinac RCM.
Lac-aux-Sables is located in Central Quebec
Lac-aux-Sables
Lac-aux-Sables
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°52′N 72°24′W / 46.867°N 72.400°W / 46.867; -72.400Coordinates: 46°52′N 72°24′W / 46.867°N 72.400°W / 46.867; -72.400[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Mauricie
RCM Mékinac
Constituted April 24, 1899
Government[2]
 • Mayor Yvan Hamelin
 • Federal riding Saint-Maurice—Champlain
 • Prov. riding Laviolette
Area[2][3]
 • Total 286.20 km2 (110.50 sq mi)
 • Land 270.48 km2 (104.43 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 1,373
 • Density 5.1/km2 (13/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 4.6%
 • Dwellings 1,068
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0X 1M0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 153
Route 363
Website www.lac-aux
-sables.qc.ca

Lac-aux-Sables is a parish municipality in the Mékinac Regional County Municipality (MRC de Mékinac), in administrative district of the Mauricie region of the province of Quebec in Canada. Its population centres are Lac-aux-Sables and Hervey-Jonction.

Since its origins, the sector Hervey-Jonction with 300 inhabitants, is linked to the history of Lac-aux-Sables. Sector Hervey-Jonction is an area dotted with adventure vacation cottages, rivers, lakes and wild forests. On the religious aspect, the catholic parish St. Leopold d'Hervey-Jonction can serve the local population. On the civilian side, the sector is integrated into the municipality of Lac-aux-Sables.

Hervey-Jonction is the location of the Hervey-Jonction Station that is used today as a switching point for two passenger Via Rail trains (Abitibi and Saguenay). Hervey-Jonction railway station was built in 1905 and is now the junction of trains from Montreal to Quebec City, Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, Haut-Saint-Maurice (upper Saint-Maurice region) and Abitibi.

Hervey-Jonction sector[edit]

Hervey-Jonction railway station (Mauricie, Quebec, Canada) located since September 14, 2007 on the new site facing the Catholic chapel. This 2nd Hervey-Jonction station was located for 97 years on the old site.[4]

Since its origins, the sector of Hervey-Jonction which has a population of about 300 inhabitants, is linked to the history of Lac-aux-Sables. On the religious side, the service Saint-Leopold Hervey-Jonction serves the local population. On the civilian side, this area has been integrated into the parish municipality of Lac-aux-Sables since the beginning.

The second Hervey station was built in 1905 and is then the junction point for trains from Montréal to the city of Quebec, Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, the Haut-Saint-Maurice and the Abitibi. Now, the train stops for a few minutes to separate and route the two passenger trains (the Abitibi] and the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean.

North of the village, the area of Hervey Jonction is dotted with cottages, rivers, lakes and wild forests.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of the parish of Lac-aux-Sables is located about 95 kilometers northwest of the Quebec City, in the populated part of the Mékinac Regional County Municipality. The Batiscan River cut the municipal territory into two parts. The right bank of the Batiscan River has two major tributaries: the Propre River (meaning: "clean River" in English) and Tawachiche River.

The toponym "Lac aux Sables" comes from the lake of the same name. The lake has three tributaries, the most important is the outlet of "Brulé Lake". The two other are the outlets of Veillette Lake and "à la roche" (river to the rock). The mouth of the "Lac-aux-Sables" (Lake of sand) flows through the south into the Propre River whose path passes through Huron Lake (located to the west).

The territory of Lac-aux-Sables is mostly included in the Batiscanie, except the area of Missionary Lake at the western boundary, on the edge of Sainte-Thèecle which flows in the sub-basin of the Mekinac River, unless another area on the edge of Saint-Ubalde, Quebec (East) which flows into the Charest river.

In 2004, Lac-Masketsi (unorganized territory) was reduced in size by some 90 square kilometres (35 sq mi) when portions were annexed by mostly Trois-Rives (70 km²) as well as Lac-aux-Sables (20 km²).

Demographics[edit]

In 2012, 1389 peoples lived in the area, mainly in two villages: Hervey-Jonction and the village of the lake of the same name.

Population trend:[5]

Year Population Variation (%) Median age
2011 1,373 Increase 4.6% 53,4 year
2006 1,312 Decrease 0.0%
2001 1,313 Decrease 8.9%
1996 1,441 Increase 0.9%
1991 1,428
1986 -

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 640 (total dwellings: 1,068)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0.8%
  • French as first language: 95.8%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 3.4%

History[edit]

The territory of Lac-aux-Sables began to be developed in 1871 with the construction of a road Notre-Dame-des-Anges to Lac-aux-Sables, in order to accommodate growers of Canton Chavigny (Township). The area began to be colonized in the 1880s. The parish of Saint-Rémi of Lac-aux-Sables was canonically erected as of January 21, 1897, and the Municipality of Lac-aux-Sables parish was erected civilly as of April 24, 1899. The territory of Saint-Rémi-du-Lac-aux-Sables was detached from Notre-Dame-des-Anges-de-Montauban, Saint-Casimir and Saint-Ubalde in 1899. The municipality was renamed Lac-aux-Sables in 1983.

In the 21st century, the resort and forestry are the main economic sectors, agriculture is a secondary economic activity. The majority of workers work outside the municipality in forestry, rail, health and social services.

The main services to locate in Lac-aux-Sables are the post office in 1892, telephone service in 1908, a network of electric power since 1925, a waterworks since 1949, the collection of household waste since 1967, a fire protection service since 1967, a planning and municipal development since 1982, a sanitary sewer and storm water treatment plant and wastewater since 1983 and the recovery of waste since 1987.

Municipal chronology[edit]

Before the creation of the municipality of "Saint-Rémi du Lac-aux-Sables", the territory was bordered by the municipalities of Notre-Dame-des-Anges, St. Ubald and St. Casimir.

  • April 24, 1899 (Official Gazette) - Erection Civil municipality of Lac-aux-Sables. This territory belonged to the lordship of Batiscan, and townships Montauban and Chavigny. At the municipal level, this territory has been detached from the municipalities of Notre-Dame-des-Anges, Saint-Ubalde and Saint-Casimir.
  • 1899 - Construction of the public room.
  • 1900 - Formation of the first City Council. Jean-Baptiste Darveau was appointed mayor.
  • 1900 - Verbalization[clarification needed] of the road leading to Lake Huron.
  • 1906 - Verbalization of road between Saint-Rémi and Sainte-Thècle.
  • 1910 - Start of a network of private aqueduct in the village of Saint-Rémi, made of wooden pipes.
  • July 30, 1919 - Dismemberment[clarification needed] of some lots which will be awarded to the new municipality of the village of Montauban.
  • 1949 - New iron aqueduct network, replacing the original network.
  • 1949 - Acquisition of land for the factory to establish a fire department.
  • 1 January 1973 - Annexations of some batches of Notre-Dame-des-Anges municipality and some cantons Chavigny and Marmier.
  • 2004 - Fusion of 20 km² of the territory of Lac-Masketsi (unorganized territory), which is part of Missionary Lake area.

Religious chronology of Saint-Remi parish[edit]

  • January 21, 1897 - Canonical foundation of Saint-Rémi parish decreed by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Quebec.
  • 1 October 1897 - Arrival of the first parish priest Joseph-T. Thibaudeau. Its cure lasts until 1900.
  • 1897 - Opening of the registers of baptisms, marriages and burials.
  • 1898 - Construction of the church and the rectory.

The church of Saint-Rémi, built entirely of wood, is the pride of his parishioners.

Religious chronology of St. Leopold of Hervey-Jonction[edit]

  • First chapel built in the 1930s, thanks to the initiative of some parishioners.
  • October 3, 1934 - First marriage in the chapel of Hervey-Jonction, and the register of Saint-Rémi Lac-aux-Sables.
  • November 27, 1947 - First recorded baptism registers of St Leopold of Hervey-Jonction, Danielle Veillette (daughter of Zénon Veillette and Élianne Toutant).
  • Auguste Lagacé is assigned as vicar cooperator from 1947 to 1961, to the mission (déserte in French) of St. Leopold which under the jurisdiction of the parish of Saint-Rémi of Lac-aux-Sables.
  • May 21, 1949 - First marriage recorded in the registers of St. Leopold of Hervey-Jonction, Gaston Cossette and Gisele Veillette.
  • April 25, 1953 - Authorization of Archbishop Maurice Roy to establish a parish cemetery. Burials began in 1953.
  • May 9, 1953 - First burial at the cemetery: Romeo Marcotte.
  • 1965 - Beginning in 1965, Hervey-Jonction mission, which was within the diocese of Quebec, will be subject furthermore to the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Trois-Rivières.
  • 1974 - Sales of rectory to build a new, adjacent to the chapel.

School chronology[edit]

  • 1891 - Establishment of the first school district by the "Commission scolaire de Notre-Dame-des-Anges" (Notre-Dame-des-Anges School Board), for 2nd and 3rd rows taxpayers of Chavigny township.
  • 1901 - Establishment of the "Commission scolaire de Saint-Rémi du Lac-aux-Sables" (Saint-Rémi School Board). Joseph Sainte-Marie will be President from 1901 to 1906, whereas the priest Jos.-S. Chénard was appointed secretary-treasurer from 1901 to 1902.
  • 1901 - Arrival of Sisters "Servants of the Holy Heart of Mary" for teaching mission.
  • 1935 - Construction of the new convent to replace the old one.
  • 1965 - Establishment of the Regional School Board of Mauricie (CSRM-Commission scolaire régionale de la Mauricie) for secondary education, while the "Commission scolaire de Saint-Rémi Lac-aux-Sables" (St-Rémi School Board) continues to mentor elementary education.
  • 1 July 1969 - Creation of the "Commission scolaire de Normandie" (Normandie School Board) for primary education throughout the Normandy area (except Sainte-Thècle). The "Commission scolaire de Saint-Rémi" (Saint-Rémi School Board) ends its activities as of 30 June 1969.
  • June 1969 - Cessation of secondary education for level three and more in Sainte-Thècle. Furthermore, this secondary teaching (level three and more) will be at "École polyvalente Paul Le Jeune" (Polyvalent School Paul Le Jeune) in Saint-Tite, which open its doors in September 1969, while students in Secondary 1 and 2 continue to attend school Aubin in Sainte-Thècle.
  • 1998 - The "Commission scolaire de Normandie" (Normandie School Board) is dissolved as of June 30, 1998. As of July 1, 1998, the "Commission scolaire de l'énergie" (School Board of Energy) is responsible for administering elementary and secondary schools on the same territory than former CSRM - Commission scolaire régionale de la Mauricie (either (Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel, Quebec) to Parent, Quebec, Abitibi).

Attractions[edit]

The main attractions directly related to the resort and tourism are:

  • five campgrounds for which three with beautiful beaches (Lac aux Sables),
  • an important camp for students ("Lac en coeur") since 1946,
  • a development controlled area (Zec Tawachiche) since 1979, that is popular for activities in nature such as walking, canoeing, camping, hunting, fishing, observation of nature (wildlife animals, plants and scenic views),
  • a beautiful golf club (the Saint-Rémi) since 1970,
  • 47 lakes (Lac aux Sables (lake of sand), Brûlé (burned), Huron, Missionaries, Simon, Veillette, etc..) and three rivers, Batiscan and two of its tributaries:
    • the Tawachiche River that is 25 km long, flows entirely within the municipality;
    • the Propre River which is the outlet of Lac-aux-Sables, and flows in a south-west to empty into Lake Huron and the River Propre resumes its course at the mouth of the latter lake to flow south-east and emptying into the Batiscan River.

Almost 500 chalets are built around various bodies of water.

Publishing on the history of Lac-aux-Sables[edit]

  • " Lac-aux-Sables - Témoin de notre passé 1897-1997 (Lac-aux-Sables - Witness of our past 1897-1997)". Published by the Historical Society of Lac-aux-Sables and Hervey-Jonction Inc., under the Centennial celebrations of 1997. Design carried out by members of the Historical Society of Lac-aux-Sables and Hervey-Jonction: Annie Gauthier, Léo Lavallée, Madeleine Lavallée, Richard Lavallée and Édith Leduc. Artistic Director: Guy Rivard. Correction-Revision: Guy Rivard, assisted by Claude Bonenfant. Cover design: Sister Marie Thérèse, Daniel Beaupré and Ginette Hamelin.(in French)
  • Répertoire des mariages de la paroisse St-Rémi du Lac-aux-Sables 1897-1984 (volume 1), compiled by Denise D. Soulard and Jean-Louis Soulard, 1985, 56 pages.(in French)
  • Répertoire des mariages de la paroisse St-Léopold de Hervey-Jonction 1947-1984 (volume 2), compiled by Denise D. Soulard and Jean-Louis Soulard, 1985, 15 pages.(in French)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 133616 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Lac-aux-Sables
  3. ^ a b "(Code 2435010) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. 
  4. ^ Journal Hebdo Mékinac-Des-Chenaux, 14 sept. 2007, article "Hervey Jonction tourney une page d'histoire - La gare du CN est relocalisée", par Koko Martel.
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links[edit]

  • Municipalité de la paroisse du Lac-aux-Sables (Municipality of Lac-aux-Sables parish):Official website (in French)
  • Société d'histoire de Lac-aux-Sables et d'Hervey-Jonction (Historical Society of Lac-aux-Sables and Hervey-Jonction): Official website (in French)
  • Tourisme Lac-aux-Sables (Lac-aux-Sables Tourism Bureau): Official website (in French)