Lac du Bourget
|Lac du Bourget|
View from the heights of Viviers-du-Lac.
|Primary inflows||Leysse, Tillet, Sierroz|
|Primary outflows||Canal de Savières, Rhône|
|Catchment area||560 km2 (220 sq mi)|
|Max. length||18 km (11 mi)|
|Max. width||3.5 km (2.2 mi)|
|Surface area||44.5 km2 (17.2 sq mi)|
|Average depth||85 m (279 ft)|
|Max. depth||145 m (476 ft)|
|Water volume||3,600 million cubic metres (2,900,000 acre·ft)|
|Residence time||8 years|
|Surface elevation||231.5 m (760 ft)|
Lac du Bourget (Lake Bourget), also locally known as Lac Gris (Grey Lake) or Lac d'Aix, is a lake at the southernmost end of the Jura Mountains in the department of Savoie, France. It is the deepest lake located entirely within France, and either the largest or second largest after Lac de Grand-Lieu depending on season.
The largest town on its shore is Aix-les-Bains. Chambéry, the capital of Savoie, lies about 10 km south of the lake. It is mainly fed by the river Leysse (and other small rivers), and drains towards the river Rhône through the Canal de Savières, an artificial channel. It is a Ramsar site. The extinct bezoule was found only in this lake.
The lake was formed during the last period of global glaciation in the Alps (Würm glaciation) during the Pleistocene epoch. It has a surface area of 44.5 square kilometres (4,450 hectares). The long and narrow north-south axis of the lake extends 18 km in length, and ranges between 1.6 km and 3.5 km in width. The lake's average depth is 85 m, and its maximum depth in 145 m. The lake is meromictic, meaning that it has layers that do not mix.
- Agence Interactive. "Le lac du Bourget : activités, visites, nature, randonnées pédestres - Savoie Mont-Blanc (Savoie, Haute-Savoie, Alpes) - Savoie Mont Blanc (Savoie et Haute Savoie) - Alpes". Savoie-mont-blanc.com. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Jacquet, Stéphan; Briand, Jean-François; et al. (2003). "The proliferation of the toxic cyanobacterium Planktothrix rubescens following restoration of the largest natural French lake (Lac du Bourget)". Harmful Algae. 4 (4): 651–672. doi:10.1016/j.hal.2003.12.006.
- "Poems Found in Translation, The Lake by Alphonse de Lamartine, translated by A.Z. Foreman". Poemstranslation.blogspot.com. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
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