Lacamas Lake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lacamas Lake
US-WA-lacamas lake-north boat launch-tar.jpg
South side
Lacamas Lake is located in Washington (state)
Lacamas Lake
Lacamas Lake
Location in Washington
LocationClark County, Washington
Coordinates45°37′N 122°26′W / 45.62°N 122.43°W / 45.62; -122.43Coordinates: 45°37′N 122°26′W / 45.62°N 122.43°W / 45.62; -122.43
Typereservoir
Catchment area67 sq mi (170 km2)
Basin countriesUnited States
Max. length2.4 mi (3.9 km)
Max. widthLess than 0.25 mi (0.40 km)
Max. depth60 ft (18 m)
Surface elevation187 ft (57 m)
SettlementsCamas, WA

Lacamas Lake is a small lake in Clark County, Washington. It is a popular place to fish and water ski for locals from Vancouver, Camas and Washougal. It connects to Round Lake via a channel that runs under the SR 500 bridge on the southeast side of the lake. In the 1990s many high tech manufacturing plants and expensive housing developments began to appear in the area around the lake. The lake is very warm compared to other lakes in the area and the temperature can drop off quickly with depth. As it is now, the 60-foot-deep (18 m) lake cannot support life below about 18 ft (5.5 m) (see Dead Zone). The Georgia-Pacific Mill in Camas draws water from the lake to support its operations.

History[edit]

The Lacamas Lake Dam was constructed at the south end of Round Lake in 1883. This raised the water level of both lakes by approximately 12 ft (3.7 m).[1]

Water quality[edit]

The 43,000 acres (170 km2) around Lacamas Lake and Round Lake collect precipitation and form the Lacamas Creek which feeds into both lakes. This area is mostly large open fields and private farm or ranch land. The resulting runoff contains high levels of fertilizers which leads to nutrient abundance in both lakes. This nutrient abundance and lack of circulation in the lower depths has caused severe algae problems. Consequently only a few fish species are able to live in either lake (brown trout, rainbow trout, largemouth bass, bluegill, crappie, yellow perch, catfish and sturgeon). The government classifies the lake as eutrophic.

There have been considerations of using a special aerator for lakes called a "Speece Cone", some parts of the world that have eutrophic lakes use biological means such as Dyes, Enzymes, and Barley Hay to remedy algae issues in eutrophic lakes.

"Dead Zone"[edit]

One of the reasons the lake cannot support many fish is because of severe pollution from phosphorus, nitrogen, ammonia, As well as lack of circulation to the deeper parts of the lake. Allowing a detritus sludge to form that is devoid of oxygen, not allowing the organic compounds to break down efficiently. The phosphorus, nitrogen and ammonia collect in the lake water and the lake bed from polluted streams that run into the lake after passing through farm fields, barnyards and subdivisions.

As it is now, the 2.4-mile (3.9 km)-long lake is murky. The sun warms the top layer of lake water and makes it suitable for warm-water fish such as bass, bluegill and perch. Algae clogs the surface of the lake to a depth of about 18 feet (5.5 m), so no oxygen from the air can penetrate to the deep, cold water at the bottom. The visibility of the lake is usually less than 1-foot (0.30 m). It has very green murky water.


In Fall the Aquatic plants such as the invasive Elodea and Algae die, they sink to the bottom, where they decay, using up still more oxygen, making the colder depths barren and lifeless. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife makes the lake more fishable by planting brown or rainbow trout, but few survive year to year.[2]

Activities[edit]

Running, hiking and biking[edit]

Lacamas Lake has a well-maintained 3.5-mile (5.6 km) trail (the Lacamas Heritage Trail[3]) along its entire southern edge. The trail is hard-packed dirt and gravel and is generally suitable for strollers. The trail is popular with hikers, runners, and bicyclists, and is wide enough for single-file two-way foot and bike traffic. The trail is generally flat with frequent but relatively shallow inclines. The trail has quarter-mile posts along its entire length with distances to both ends shown.

The west end of the trail has a small parking lot[4] with restrooms, dog scoop bags, and a water fountain. The parking lot may be found at the intersection of NE Goodwin Rd. and NW Alexandria Dr. in Camas. This lot often fills up on nice days and weekends, and there is no good overflow area for cars; the east end of the trail has more parking.

The east end of the trail begins near the southeast boat ramp.[5] This area features a large parking lot, restrooms, water fountain, a park, boat ramp, and children’s play structure. The parking lot may be found on Lake Rd. just west of SR500. An overflow parking lot is also available 100 yards to the west near the trailer park. Dog scoop bags are available on the trail. Dog leash requirements are posted.

Swimming[edit]

Swimming is popular in the summer due to the warm water temperatures. The City of Camas posts public notices regarding outbreaks of blue green algae.[6]

Boating[edit]

Lacamas Lake has two public boat ramps: one on the north side[7] and one on the southeast side.[8] The southeast boat ramp is located within Camas Heritage Park and is nicer with more amenities.

Because of its small size, personal watercraft such as Jetskis and Waverunners are somewhat less popular here than at some of the other local lakes and rivers. Lacamas Lake has a vessel speed limit of 40 mph (64 km/h) and a number of no-wake restrictions.[9][10]

References[edit]

External links[edit]