Lacandon language

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Lacandon
Jach-t’aan
Pronunciation [xatʃ tʼaːn]
Native to Mexico
Region Chiapas
Ethnicity Lacandon people
Native speakers
600 (2015)[1]
Mayan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lac
Glottolog laca1243[2]

Lacandon (Jach-t’aan in the revised orthography of the Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indigenas)[3] is a Mayan language spoken by all of the 1,000 Lacandon people in the state of Chiapas in Mexico.[4] Within Chiapas, Lacandon is spoken in Betel, Lacanjá San Quintín, Lake Metzaboc, Metzaboc, and Najá.[5]

Native Lacandon speakers refer to their language as Jach t’aan or Hach t'an. Most Lacandon people speak Lacandon Maya. Most also speak Spanish.

Phonology[edit]

The following tables list the standard phonemes of the Lacandon language.

Consonants[edit]

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Laryngeal
Nasal m [m] n [n]
Plosive aspirated p [p̪ʰ]1 t [tʰ] k [kʰ] 7 [ʔ]
ejective p' [pʼ] t' [tʼ] k' [kʼ]
implosive b' [ɓ]
Affricate aspirated tz [tsʰ] ch [tʃʰ]
ejective tz' [tsʼ] ch' [tʃʼ]
Fricative s [s] x [ʃ] h [ʜ]
Approximant l [l] y [j] w [ʋ]
Flap r [ɾ]
  1. [verification needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lacandon at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Lacandon". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas (INALI). "Catálogo de las lenguas indígenas nacionales: Variantes lingüísticas de México con sus autodenominaciones y referencias geoestadísticas - lacandón". Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  4. ^ INALI (2012) México: Lenguas indígenas nacionales
  5. ^ "Lacandon".