Lacandon language

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Pronunciation [xatʃ tʼaːn]
Native to Mexico
Region Chiapas
Ethnicity Lacandon people
Native speakers
20  (2010 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lac
Glottolog laca1243[2]

Lacandon (Jach-t’aan in the revised orthography of the Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indigenas)[3] is a Mayan language spoken by 20 of the 1,000 Lacandon people in the state of Chiapas in Mexico.[1] Native Lacandon speakers refer to their language as Jach t’aan or Hach t'an. Most Lacandon people speak Tzeltal, Chol, or Spanish.


The following tables list the standard phonemes of the Lacandon language.


Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Laryngeal
Nasal m [m] n [n]
Plosive aspirated p [p̪ʰ]1 t [tʰ] k [kʰ] 7 [ʔ]
ejective p' [pʼ] t' [tʼ] k' [kʼ]
implosive b' [ɓ]
Affricate aspirated tz [tsʰ] ch [tʃʰ]
ejective tz' [tsʼ] ch' [tʃʼ]
Fricative s [s] x [ʃ] h [ʜ]
Approximant l [l] y [j] w [ʋ]
Flap r [ɾ]
  1. [verification needed]


  1. ^ a b INALI (2012) México: Lenguas indígenas nacionales
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Lacandon". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas (INALI). "Catálogo de las lenguas indígenas nacionales: Variantes lingüísticas de México con sus autodenominaciones y referencias geoestadísticas - lacandón". Retrieved 2009-06-22.