Laccadive Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the island subgroup. For the Union Territory, see Lakshadweep.
Laccadive Islands
Cannanore Islands

Island subgroup

Laccadive Islands is located in India
Laccadive Islands
Laccadive Islands (India)
The Laccadive subgroup on a 1800 map.
The Laccadive subgroup on a 1800 map.
Country India
State Lakshadweep
District Lakshadweep
Area
 • Total 17.5 km2 (6.8 sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration LD
View of Kavaratti, one of the main islands of the subgroup.

The Laccadive Islands or Cannanore Islands are one of the three island subgroups in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep, India. It is the central subgroup of the Lakshadweep, separated from the Amindivi Islands subgroup roughly by the 11th parallel north and from the atoll of Minicoy (Maliku) —far to the south— by the 9 Degree or Mamala Channel.[1]

Formerly the Union Territory of Lakshadweep was known as Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands,[2] a name that was changed to Lakshadweep by an act of Parliament in 1973.[3]

The Laccadive subgroup had been known earlier as the "Cannanore Islands"[4] after the coastal town of Cannanore (Kannur). The name originated in the fact that while the northern group of Amindivi had stopped in 1784 being a vassal state of the Cannanore Kingdom (Arakkal) in exchange for fealty to Tippu Sultan's Kingdom of Mysore, the southern group remained loyal to Cannanore.

Geography[edit]

The Laccadive subgroup includes the island of Agatti, with Agatti Aerodrome, the only airport in Lakshadweep, as well as Bangaram Atoll which has a tourist resort in Bangaram, its largest island.

The Laccadive group forms two talukas or subdivisions: Androth, with a population of 15,048 and Kavaratti with 17,193.[5] The islands of Agatti, Androth, Kavaratti and Kalpeni are inhabited. Islam is the main religion of the islanders.[6]

The Laccadive Islands subgroup consists mostly of atolls with islands, as well as part of one submerged bank. The Amindivi and the Laccadive subgroups have a submarine connection between them through Pitti Bank, a largely sunken atoll.[7]

Atoll/Reef/Bank
(alternate name)
type Land
Area
(km²)
Lagoon
Area
(km²)
No. of
islets
Pop.
Census
2001
Location
Laccadive Islands
Agatti Island (Agatti) atoll 2.70 4.84 1 8,000 10°50′N 73°41′E / 10.833°N 73.683°E / 10.833; 73.683 (Agatti Island)
Bangaram Island (Bangaram) atoll 2.30 4.84 1 61 10°50′N 73°41′E / 10.833°N 73.683°E / 10.833; 73.683 (Bangaram Island)
Pitti Island 1) islet 1) 0.01 155.09 1) 1 - 10°50′N 72°38′E / 10.833°N 72.633°E / 10.833; 72.633 (Pitti Island)
Androth Island (Andrott) atoll 4.90 4.84 1 10,720 10°50′N 73°41′E / 10.833°N 73.683°E / 10.833; 73.683 (Androth Island)
Kavaratti Island atoll 4.22 4.96 1 10,113 10°33′N 72°38′E / 10.550°N 72.633°E / 10.550; 72.633 (Kavaratti Island)
Kalpeni Island atoll 2.79 25.60 7 4,319 10°05′N 73°38′E / 10.083°N 73.633°E / 10.083; 73.633 (Kalpeni Island)
Suheli Par atoll 0.57 78.76 2 - 10°05′N 72°17′E / 10.083°N 72.283°E / 10.083; 72.283 (Suheli Par)

History[edit]

In the same manner as the Amindivi Islands further north, the islands of the Laccadive subgroup were settled from ancient times by people of nearby Kerala to which were added later people of Arab descent. Vasco da Gama visited these islands around 1498. In mid 16th century all the inhabited islands of the Lakshadweep put themselves under the rule of the Cannanore Kingdom (Arakkal Kingdom) in order to obtain protection from the Portuguese.

In 1697, the notorious pirate Captain Kidd and his crew brought their ship, the Adventure Galley, to the Laccadive Islands. The undisciplined crew chopped up the local boats for firewood, and raped the local women. When the men retaliated by killing the ship's cooper, the pirates attacked the village and beat up the people who lived there.

Over two centuries later—in 1784—the Amindivi group of islands rejected the protection of Cannanore and became a vassal state of the Kingdom of Mysore.[8] The southern group, however, remained loyal to the rule of Cannanore.[9]

Following the defeat of Tippu Sultan and the 1792 treaty of Srirangapatam, the southern subgroup was permitted by the East India Company to remain under the rule of the Cannanore Kingdom in exchange for a yearly tribute of 15,000 Rs.[10] Since the tributary payments were often in arrears, the islands were put under direct rule of the British Government, first between 1855 and 1860, and then finally were annexed in 1877 by virtue of the doctrine of lapse,[11] becoming attached to the Malabar District.[12]

Bibliography[edit]

  • R. H. Ellis, A Short Account of the Laccadive Islands and Minicoy. Government Press, Madras. 1924

References[edit]

  1. ^ GEBCO Gazeteer of undersea feature names
  2. ^ Lakshadweep | union territory, India | Britannica
  3. ^ The name of the Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi islands
  4. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 16, p. 85.
  5. ^ Lakshadweep Tehsil Map - Maps of India
  6. ^ Web123India
  7. ^ Prakash Chauhan & Shailesh Nayak, Detection of submerged reef banks in the Lakshadweep Sea using IRS-P4 OCM satellite data
  8. ^ Logan, William (2004) [1887]. Malabar Manual. New Delhi: Asian Education Services. p. 2. ISBN 81-206-0446-6. 
  9. ^ 1902 Encyclopedia - Laccadives (also known as: Laccadive Islands; Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands; Lakshadweep)
  10. ^ William Logan, Malabar Manual, p. CCLXXIX
  11. ^ Allan Octavian Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. iv., 1876, Calcutta.
  12. ^ William Logan, Malabar Manual, p. CCLXXVI

External links[edit]