Lacerta (genus)

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Temporal range: Miocene—Present, 15–0 Ma
Lacerta agilis female 2013 G1.jpg
Sand lizard (Lacerta agilis)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Lacertidae
Tribe: Lacertini
Genus: Lacerta
Linnaeus, 1758
Type species
Lacerta agilis

Nine, see text.

Lacerta is a genus of lizards of the family Lacertidae.


Lacerta was a fairly diverse genus containing around 40 species, until it was "split" into nine genera in 2007 by Arnold, Arribas & Carranza.[1]

Fossil record[edit]

The earliest known members of the genus Lacerta are known from early Miocene epoch fossils indistinguishable in anatomy from the modern green lizards such as Lacerta viridis.[2]


The genus Lacerta contains the following species.[3]

Some species formerly in Lacerta[edit]

Arranged alphabetically by specific name:


  1. ^ Arnold, E. Nicholas; Arribas, Oscar; Carranza, Salvador (2007). "Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera" (PDF). Zootaxa. Auckland, New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 1430: 1–86. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.1430.1.1. ISBN 978-1-86977-097-6. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  2. ^ Čerňanský A. 2010. "Earliest world record of green lizards (Lacertilia, Lacertidae) from the Lower Miocene of Central Europe". Biologia 65 (4): 737-741. doi:10.2478/s11756-010-0066-y
  3. ^ "Lacerta ". The Reptile Database.
  4. ^ Tuniyev, B.; Ananjeva, N.B.; Agasyan, A.; Orlov, N.L.; Tuniyev, S.; Anderson, S. (2009). "Darevskia chlorogaster (errata version published in 2017)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2009: e.T164702A114559582. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T164702A5919117.en. Retrieved 16 January 2020.{{cite iucn}}: error: |doi= / |page= mismatch (help)
  5. ^ Wolfgang Böhme; Petros Lymberakis; Varol Tok; Ismail H. Ugurtas; Murat Sevinç; Pierre-André Crochet; Yakup Kaska; Yusuf Kumlutaş; Uğur Kaya; Aziz Avci; Nazan Üzüm; Can Yeniyurt; Ferdi Akarsu; Petros Lymberakis (2009). "Anatololacerta oertzeni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2009: e.T61527A12504829. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T61527A12504829.en. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  6. ^ Varol Tok; Ishmail Ugurtas; Murat Sevinç; Wolfgang Böhme; Pierre-André Crochet; Ferdi Akarsu (2009). "Parvilacerta parva". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2009: e.T164674A5917051. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T164674A5917051.en. Retrieved 16 January 2020.

Further reading[edit]

  • Arnold EN, Arribas OJ, Carranza S. 2007. "Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera". Zootaxa 1430: 1-86.
  • Linnaeus C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, diferentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio Decima, Reformata. Stockholm: L. Salvius. 824 pp. (Lacerta, new genus, p. 200). (in Latin).