Lacerta (genus)

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For the constellation, see Lacerta.
Temporal range: Miocene—Present, 15–0 Ma
Lacerta agilis female 2013 G1.jpg
Lacerta agilis, sand lizard
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Lacertidae
Tribe: Lacertini
Genus: Lacerta
Linnaeus, 1758
Type species
Lacerta agilis
Linnaeus, 1758

Nine, see text.

Lacerta is a genus of lizards of the family Lacertidae.


Lacerta was a fairly diverse genus containing around 40 species, until it was "split" into nine genera in 2007 by Arnold, Arribas & Carranza.

Fossil record[edit]

The earliest known members of the genus Lacerta are known from early Miocene epoch fossils indistinguishable in anatomy from the modern green lizards such as Lacerta viridis.[1]


The genus Lacerta contains the following species.[2]

Some species formerly in Lacerta[edit]

Arranged alphabetically by specific name:


  1. ^ Čerňanský A. 2010. "Earliest world record of green lizards (Lacertilia, Lacertidae) from the Lower Miocene of Central Europe". Biologia 65 (4): 737-741. doi:10.2478/s11756-010-0066-y
  2. ^ "Lacerta ". The Reptile Database.
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^

Further reading[edit]

  • Arnold EN, Arribas OJ, Carranza S. 2007. "Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera". Zootaxa 1430: 1-86.
  • Linnaeus C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, diferentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio Decima, Reformata. Stockholm: L. Salvius. 824 pp. (Lacerta, new genus, p. 200). (in Latin).