L. thermotolerans is the type species of the genus Lachancea. The species has previously been known as Kluyveromyces thermotolerans and Zygosaccharomyces thermotolerans, which is the name by which it was first described in 1932.
Habitat and ecology
L. thermotolerans is widely distributed and occurs in diverse environments, both natural and man-made. It has been isolated from locations around the world. The species is commonly associated with fruit and with insects such as fruit flies that feed on fruit. In some cases, it has been identified as one of several species found in naturally fermented foods.
L. thermotolerans is unusual among yeasts in its ability to produce lactic acid through fermentation. This property has prompted study of L. thermotolerans in the production of wine and beer, both of which are traditionally produced using Saccharomyces yeasts. In winemaking, L. thermotolerans and other yeast species have been studied for the effects of their metabolites on the flavor profile of wines. Systems including L. thermotolerans in co-fermentation with wine yeast or in place of lactic acid bacteria have been described as an alternative to traditional malolactic fermentation. L. thermotolerans has been sold commercially on its own and in a yeast blend. In beer brewing, L. thermotolerans has been considered as a method for producing sour beer.
- Lachancea thermotolerans in MycoBank.
- Kurtzman, C (December 2003). "Phylogenetic circumscription of Saccharomyces, Kluyveromyces and other members of the Saccharomycetaceae, and the proposal of the new genera Lachancea, Nakaseomyces, Naumovia, Vanderwaltozyma and Zygotorulaspora". FEMS Yeast Research. 4 (3): 233–245. doi:10.1016/S1567-1356(03)00175-2.
- Hranilovic, Ana; Bely, Marina; Masneuf-Pomarede, Isabelle; Jiranek, Vladimir; Albertin, Warren; Fairhead, Cecile (14 September 2017). "The evolution of Lachancea thermotolerans is driven by geographical determination, anthropisation and flux between different ecosystems". PLOS ONE. 12 (9): e0184652. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0184652.
- Lachance, Marc-André; Kurtzman, Cletus P. (2011). "Chapter 41 – Lachancea Kurtzman (2003)". In Kurtzman, Cletus P.; Fell, Jack W.; Boekhout, Teun. The Yeasts (5th ed.). Elsevier. pp. 511–519. ISBN 978-0-444-52149-1.
- Jolly, Neil P.; Varela, Cristian; Pretorius, Isak S. (March 2014). "Not your ordinary yeast: non-Saccharomyces yeasts in wine production uncovered". FEMS Yeast Research. 14 (2): 215–237. doi:10.1111/1567-1364.12111.
- Gobbi, Mirko; Comitini, Francesca; Domizio, Paola; Romani, Cristina; Lencioni, Livio; Mannazzu, Ilaria; Ciani, Maurizio (April 2013). "Lachancea thermotolerans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in simultaneous and sequential co-fermentation: A strategy to enhance acidity and improve the overall quality of wine". Food Microbiology. 33 (2): 271–281. doi:10.1016/j.fm.2012.10.004.
- Benito, Ángel; Calderón, Fernando; Palomero, Felipe; Benito, Santiago (26 May 2015). "Combine Use of Selected Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Lachancea thermotolerans Yeast Strains as an Alternative to theTraditional Malolactic Fermentation in Red Wine Production". Molecules. 20 (12): 9510–9523. doi:10.3390/molecules20069510.
- Domizio, P.; House, J. F.; Joseph, C. M. L.; Bisson, L. F.; Bamforth, C. W. (October 2016). "Lachancea thermotolerans as an alternative yeast for the production of beer". Journal of the Institute of Brewing. 122 (4): 599–604. doi:10.1002/jib.362.