Lachenalia

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Lachenalia
Lachenalia sp.jpg
Lachenalia carnosa, Goegap N.R., Namaqualand, Northern Cape, South Africa
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Lachenalia
J.Jacq.
Type species
Lachenalia aloides
Synonyms[1]
  • Dipcadioides Medik.
  • Polyanthes Jacq.
  • Coelanthus Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes
  • Triallosia Raf.
  • Periboea Kunth
  • Polyxena Kunth
  • Orchiastrum Lem. 1855, illegitimate homonym, not Ség. 1754
  • Scillopsis Lem.
  • Chloriza Salisb.
  • Himas Salisb.
  • Manlilia Salisb.
  • Monoestes Salisb.
  • Orchiops Salisb.
  • Platyestes Salisb.
  • Sugillaria Salisb.
  • Brachyscypha Baker
Lachenalia maughanii, Nieuwoudtville, South Africa

Lachenalia is a genus of bulbs in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae,[2] which are usually found in Namibia and South Africa. Most of these plants have a dormancy period, and the new roots of these plants will always grow every year. Lachenalia is named after the Swiss botanist Werner de Lachenal (1736-1800).[3] Species are sometimes known as "Cape cowslip" though they are not directly related to the true cowslip Primula veris.

Species[edit]

As of December 2012, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepted 115 species:[1]

In addition, Lachenalia nordenstamii W.F.Barker was listed as "threatened" in the 2006 IUCN Red List,[4] but as of December 2012 the name was not accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.[1]

Cultivation[edit]

Several species are cultivated as garden plants. The following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[5]

  • Lachenalia ‘Rupert’[6]
  • Lachenalia bulbifera ‘George’[7]
  • Lachenalia contaminata[8]
  • Lachenalia corymbosa[9]
  • Lachenalia flava[10]
  • Lachenalia pustulata[11]
  • Lachenalia quadricolor[12]
  • Lachenalia vanzyliae[13]
  • Lachenalia viridiflora[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Search for "Lachenalia", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-12-21
  2. ^ Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Scilloideae
  3. ^ Genaust, Helmut (1976). Etymologisches Wörterbuch der botanischen Pflanzennamen ISBN 3-7643-0755-2
  4. ^ Craven, P.; Loots, S. (2004), Lachenalia nordenstamii, IUCN Red List of Threatened Species], retrieved 22 August 2007
  5. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 57. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  6. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Lachenalia 'Rupert'". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  7. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Lachenalia bulbifera 'George'". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  8. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Lachenalia contaminata". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  9. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Lachenalia corymbosa". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  10. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Lachenalia flava". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  11. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Lachenalia pustulata". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  12. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Lachenalia quadricolor". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  13. ^ "RHS Plantfinder -Lachenalia vanzyliae". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  14. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Lachenalia viridiflora". Retrieved 17 March 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]