|Borough of Montreal|
The Fontaine de Vie at Lachine Borough Hall
Location of Lachine on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
|Merged||January 1, 2002|
|• Mayor||Claude Dauphin|
|• Federal MP(s)||Anju Dhillon (LPC)|
|• Quebec MNA(s)||François Ouimet (PLQ)|
|• Land||17.75 km2 (6.85 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,344.6/km2 (6,072/sq mi)|
|• Change (2006-11)||0.5%|
|• Dwellings (2006)||19,909|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Postal code(s)||H8S, H8T|
Lachine (French pronunciation: [laʃin]) is a borough (arrondissement) within the city of Montreal on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It was formerly an autonomous city until 2002.
Lachine, apparently from French la Chine (China), is often said to have been named in 1667, in mockery of its then owner Robert Cavelier de La Salle, who explored the interior of North America, trying to find a passage to Asia. When he returned without success, he and his men were derisively named les Chinois (Chinese). The name was adopted when the parish of Saints-Anges-de-la-Chine was created in 1678, with the form Lachine appearing with the opening of a post office in 1829.
On August 4, 1689, more than 1500 Mohawk warriors raided the small village and burned it to the ground in retaliation for the ravaging of the Seneca lands by governor Denonville and his men. The Lachine massacre left 80 dead. Lachine was incorporated as a city in 1872. In 1999, it merged with the town of Saint-Pierre before being merged into Montreal in 2002. Its logo during its municipality days is still in use as of today.
The borough is located in the southwest portion of the island of Montreal, at the inlet of the Lachine Canal, between the borough of LaSalle, and the city of Dorval. It was a separate city until municipal mergers on January 1, 2002 and did not demerge on January 1, 2006 .
The borough is bordered to the northwest by the city of Dorval to the northeast by Saint-Laurent, to the east by Côte Saint-Luc, Montreal West and a narrow salient of Le Sud-Ouest, and to the south by LaSalle. Its western limit is the shore of Lac Saint-Louis and the Saint Lawrence River.
It has an area of 17.83 km² and a population of 44,489 per the 2016 Canadian Census.
|Non Official language only||4,220||11%|
As of the November 3, 2013 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:
|Claude Dauphin||Équipe Dauphin|
|—||City councillor||Jean-François Cloutier||Équipe Coderre|
|Du Canal||Borough councillor||Maja Vodanovic||Projet Montréal|
|Fort-Rolland||Borough councillor||Kymberley Simonyik||Équipe Coderre|
|J.-Émery-Provost||Borough councillor||Daniel Racicot||Équipe Dauphin|
Federal and provincial districts
Most noticeable of Lachine's features is the Lachine Canal and its recreational facilities, including the Lachine Canal National Historic Site. Around the canal's inlet, in the southern part of the borough, are located The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site, René Lévesque Park (on a long peninsula extending into Lac Saint-Louis), and the Musée de Lachine, which has collections of modern outdoor sculpture both on its own grounds, in René Lévesque Park, and in other sites throughout the borough. Other historic buildings are also located near the canal's inlet.
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2014)|
Primary and secondary schools
Adult schools include:
- Centre d'éducation des adultes de LaSalle, Édifice Boileau
Professional development centres include:
- Centre de formation professionnelle de Lachine (CFP), Édifice Dalbé-Viau and Édifice de la Rive
Secondary schools include:
Primary schools include:
- École Primaire Catherine-Soumillard
- École Primaire Victor Therrien
- École Primaire des Berges-de-Lachine
- École Primaire Jardin-des-Saints-Anges
- École Primaire Martin-Bélanger
- École Primaire Paul-Jarry
- École Primaire Philippe-Morin
- École Primaire Très-Saint-Sacrement
The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) operates Anglophone public schools.
- Lakeside Academy (a merger of Lachine High School and Bishop Whelan High School)
- Maple Grove Elementary School in Lachine, a merger of the Meadowbrook School in Lachine and the Bishop-Whelan School in Dorval, opened in August 2010
- The Pearson Electrotechnology Centre (PEC; Centre d'électrotechnologie Pearson), a public vocational school of the LBPSB, is in Lachine.
- Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Lachine
- 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Lachine, Quebec
- "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité" (PDF). Canada 2011 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- "Lachine, QC". Local Calling Guide.
- Official Transport Quebec Road Map
- Commission de toponymie du Québec - Lachine (Ville)
- "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement de Lachine" (PDF) (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Memorial to victims of Air India bombing inaugurated in Lachine." CTV Montreal. Sunday December 5, 2010. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "ÉCOLES ET CENTRES." Commission Scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "Home." Maple Grove Elementary School. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "Home Archived 2014-11-11 at the Wayback Machine.." Pearson Electrotechnology Centre. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "Les bibliothèques par arrondissement." Montreal Public Libraries Network. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
Adjacent places of Lachine, Quebec
||Saint-Laurent (Montreal)||Côte Saint-Luc||Montreal West|
|Dorval||Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal)|
|Saint Lawrence River||Saint Lawrence River||LaSalle (Montreal)|