Lachlan (name)

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Lachlan
Pronunciation /ˈlæxlən/, /ˈlæklən/, /ˈlɒklən/
Gender Masculine
Language(s) English
Origin
Language(s) Scottish Gaelic
Word/name Lachlann
Other names
Variant form(s) Lachann
Pet form(s) Lachie, Lachy, and Lockie
Related names Lachina, Laughlin, Lochlainn, and Loughlin

Lachlan (/ˈlæxlən/, /ˈlæklən/ and /ˈlɒklən/)[1] is a masculine given name of Scottish origin. The name is English and derived from Scottish Gaelic.

Origins[edit]

The name is an Anglicised form of the Scottish Gaelic Lachlann, which is in turn derived from the earlier Gaelic personal name Lochlann.[2]

In the ninth century, the terms Laithlinn / Laithlind (etc.), appear in historical sources as terms denoting the origin of Vikings active in Ireland. The exact meaning behind these terms is uncertain.[3] What is clear, however, is that the terms Lochlann / Lochlainn (etc.) came to replace these earlier terms; and that, by the eleventh century, Lochlann / Lochlainn certainly referred to Norway in historical sources. Whether the terms Lochlann / Lochlainn were originally related to Laithlinn / Laithlind, or merely conflated with them, is unknown.[4] In mediaeval Irish literature, the term Lochlann refers to a vague faraway place: sometimes the Otherworld, and sometimes Scandinavia.[5]

Pet forms of Lachlan include Lachie, Lachy,[6] and Lockie[7] (/ˈlɒkɪ/).[8] A feminine form of the name is Lachina.[9] A related form of Lachlan is the Irish Lochlainn.[10] Anglicised forms of this latter name include Laughlin[11] (/ˈlɒklɪn/, /ˈlɒxlɪn/, /ˈlɒflɪn/, /ˈlɑːflɪn/)[12] and Loughlin[13] (/ˈlɒkɪn/).[14] Lochlainn has also been rendered into English as Lawrence.[15] A variant form of Lachlann in Argyll is Lachann,[16] a name influenced by the similarly sounding (though etymologically unrelated) Eachann.[17][note 1] Historically, the name Lachlan and it's variants were most commonly found in Argyll.[20] The following proverb contains the name Lachlan : "Mar mhadadh ag ol eanruich ainmean Chlann ‘ll ‘Eathain “Eachann, Lachann.” or; "Like a hound lapping broth are the names of the Clan Maclean “Eachan, Lachan “_”Hector, Lachlan.” [21][22][23] The senior branch of Clan Maclean are the Macleans of Duart. This branch was established in the 14th century on the Inner Hebridean Isle of Mull. The first Laird was known as Lachainn Lubanach or "Lachlan the crafty". Of the first fourteen Lairds of Duart, seven were named Lachlan and seven were named Hector.[24]Forms of the name Lochlainn were borne by Uí Néill and other families in the Early Middle Ages. Before the beginning of the nineteenth century, forms of the name were common amongst families in northern Ireland, but have since become unfashionable.[25] Forms of the name Lachlan were historically common amongst families with connections to the Scottish Highlands,[26] but have become remarkably popular in places such as Australia and New Zealand.[27]

Modern patronymic forms of the personal name Lochlann include the Irish surnames Mac Lochlainn,[28] and Ó Lochlainn.[29] A patronymic form of the personal name Lachlann is the Scottish Gaelic surname MacLachlainn.[30] Forms of the personal names first appear on record in the tenth century. The earliest known bearer of such names was Lochlaind mac Maíl Shechnaill, heir of the Corca Mruad, whose death is noted by the Annals of Inisfallen in 983.[31] Another member of the Corca Mruad, a certain Lochlainn, is recorded by the same source to have been slain in 1015.[32] Afterwards, the principal family of the region was the Uí Lochlainn, who bore the surname Ua Lochlainn.[33] In Ulster, the Annals of Ulster record the slaying of a Lochlainn mac Maíl Shechlainn, an Uí Néill dynast, in 1023.[34] This man's powerful grandson, Domnall Ua Lochlainn, High King of Ireland, ensured that their descendants, the Meic Lochlainn, bore the surnames Mac Lochlainn and Ua Lochlainn.[35] The eponymous ancestor of the Scottish Clann Lachlainn, traditionally regarded as yet another branch of the Uí Néill, was a much later man who bore a form of the name Lachlan.[36]

Popularity[edit]

In the 2000s and 2010s, Lachlan has been a very common baby name in Australia and New Zealand.[37] ranking within the top ten masculine names registered in several Australian states. In 2008, Lachlan was ranked as the third most popular masculine baby name in New South Wales, with 581 registered that year.[38] The same year, the name was ranked as the sixth most popular masculine baby name in Victoria, with 438 registered.[39] In 2013 it was the tenth most popular name for boys in Australia.[40]

People[edit]

Lachlann[edit]

Lachlan[edit]

Given name[edit]

Surname[edit]

Lachie/Lachy[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ These names were frequently borne by the MacLeans.[17] A passage from the earliest Scottish Gaelic novel (1912)—Dùn Àluinn no an t-Oighre 'na Dhìobarach[18]—remarks that pedigrees of the family sounded like a dog lapping soup or porridge: "Mar choinn ag òl eanaraich, tha ainmean Chloinn 'Illeathainn: Eachann, Lachann; Eachann, Lachann; Eachann, Lachann; Teàrlach".[19]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Jones; Gimson (1986) p. 287.
  2. ^ Hanks; Hardcastle; Hodges (2006) pp. 162, 405.
  3. ^ Dumville (2008) p. 356; Downham (2007) p. 15; Etchingham (2007); Woolf (2007) p. 71 n. 6.
  4. ^ Dumville (2008) p. 356; Downham (2007) p. 15; Etchingham (2007).
  5. ^ MacQuarrie (2006); Powers Coe (2006); Abrams (1998) p. 8 n. 49.
  6. ^ Hanks; Hardcastle; Hodges (2006) p. 162.
  7. ^ Hanks; Hardcastle; Hodges (2006) pp. 162, 172.
  8. ^ Jones; Gimson (1986) p. 301.
  9. ^ Jones; Gimson (1986) pp. 162, 405.
  10. ^ Hanks; Hardcastle; Hodges (2006) p. 351; Ó Corráin; Maguire (1981) p. 123.
  11. ^ Hanks; Hardcastle; Hodges (2006) p. 350.
  12. ^ Jones; Gimson (1986) p. 291.
  13. ^ Hanks; Hardcastle; Hodges (2006) pp. 173, 351.
  14. ^ Jones; Gimson (1986) p. 303.
  15. ^ Ó Corráin; Maguire (1981) p. 123.
  16. ^ Mac an Tàilleir (2016); Black (1971) p. 410.
  17. ^ a b Black (1971) p. 410.
  18. ^ Macleod; Watson (2007) p. 277.
  19. ^ Black (1971) p. 410; Mac Cormick; Mac Farlane (1912) p. 245.
  20. ^ 1881 British census. The British 19th Century Surname Atlas
  21. ^ Gaelic Names of Beasts (Mammalia), Birds, Fishes, Insects, Reptiles, etc Vol 1. p. 156 Alexander Robert Forbes Publisher Oliver & Boyd, Tweeddale Court Norman McLeod George IV Bridge, Edinburgh 1905
  22. ^ John Patterson MacLean A History of the Clan Maclean (Title Page) pub. Robert Clarke & Co. Cincinatti 1889
  23. ^ RELIQIAE CELTICAE (Ossiana) Vol. 2 p.502. Edited and published by Alexander Macbain and Rev. John Kennedy. 1892
  24. ^ Rev. A. M. Sinclair The Clan Gillean pub. Haszard and Moore Charlottetown 1899
  25. ^ Ó Corráin; Maguire (1981) p. 123.
  26. ^ Hanks; Hardcastle; Hodges (2006) p. 162; Ó Corráin; Maguire (1981) p. 123.
  27. ^ Hanks; Hardcastle; Hodges (2006) p. 162.
  28. ^ Mclaughlan Family History (n.d.); Mclaughlin Family History (n.d.).
  29. ^ Laughlin Family History (n.d.); O'loughlin Family History (n.d.).
  30. ^ Black (1971) p. 533.
  31. ^ Ó Murchadha (1992–1993) p. 69; Ó Cuív (1988) p. 83.
  32. ^ Ó Murchadha (1992–1993) p. 69; Ó Cuív (1988) p. 83.
  33. ^ Ó Cuív (1988) p. 85; Ó Murchadha (1992–1993) p. 69.
  34. ^ Ó Murchadha (1992–1993) p. 69; Ó Cuív (1988) p. 83.
  35. ^ Ó Cuív (1988) p. 85; Ó Murchadha (1992–1993) p. 69.
  36. ^ Sellar (1971) p. 35 n. 22.
  37. ^ Hanks; Hardcastle; Hodges (2006) p. 162.
  38. ^ "Popular Baby Names". www.bdm.nsw.gov.au. Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2009. 
  39. ^ "Popular Names Search". www.online.justice.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 24 July 2009. 
  40. ^ "Australia's 100 most popular baby names". Kidspot. April 2, 2013. Archived from the original on January 10, 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-10. 

References[edit]