Lackawanna Terminal (Montclair, New Jersey)

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MONTCLAIR
Lackawanna Sta entry Montclair jeh.JPG
LocationLackawanna Plaza, Montclair, Essex County, New Jersey 07042
Coordinates40°48′41″N 74°12′48″W / 40.81139°N 74.21333°W / 40.81139; -74.21333Coordinates: 40°48′41″N 74°12′48″W / 40.81139°N 74.21333°W / 40.81139; -74.21333
Platforms4
Tracks6
Other information
Station code604[1]
Former services
Preceding station Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Following station
Terminus Montclair Branch Glen Ridge
toward Hoboken
Montclair Railroad Station
Lackawanna Terminal and Grove Street Bridge.jpg
Abandoned platforms in 1983, with Grove Street Bridge in background.
Lackawanna Terminal (Montclair, New Jersey) is located in Essex County, New Jersey
Lackawanna Terminal (Montclair, New Jersey)
Lackawanna Terminal (Montclair, New Jersey) is located in New Jersey
Lackawanna Terminal (Montclair, New Jersey)
Lackawanna Terminal (Montclair, New Jersey) is located in the United States
Lackawanna Terminal (Montclair, New Jersey)
LocationLackawanna Plaza, Montclair, New Jersey
Area1 acre (0.40 ha)
Built1913
ArchitectWilliam Hull Botsford
Architectural styleGrecian-Doric
NRHP reference #73001092[2]
NJRHP #1155[3]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJanuary 8, 1973
Designated NJRHPAugust 7, 1972

Lackawanna Terminal is an enclosed shopping mall and restaurant in Montclair, Essex County, New Jersey, United States. Originally built in 1913 as the railroad terminus for the Montclair Branch of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad.[4], it was the last building designed by William Hull Botsford, the gifted young architect who designed all the stations on the D,L and W Montclair Branch before he tragically died in the Titanic tragedy on April 15, 1912. The Lackawanna Terminal complex, built of brick and cement and structural steel beams, was described as "Grecian Doric design with colonnaded order, simple and dignified, it is proposed to execute the design in the latest product of the brick maker's art, known as tapestry brick, with Roman stone embellishments...The whole, when completed, will give Montclair a passenger railroad terminal which for size, beauty and convenience would meed her needs for a great many years to come, and of which her citizens might well be proud".[5] Lackawanna Terminal was added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 8, 1973. There were three main reasons that the station was considered to be qualified for the National Register. One was its architectural significance, including the overall design, the tapestry bond brickwork, the marble concrete trim, the interior brick and tile work and ornamentation, the iron work in the ticket windows. Next factor was the importance of the architect, William Hull Botsford and finally, its importance as a transportation center in the history of Montclair Township.[6]

Today this site is known as the Montclair Railroad Station of the Delaware-Lackawanna and Western Railroad. It is listed in the National Register of Historic Places (January 8, 1973), the New Jersey Register of Historic Places (August 7, 1972) and exists within theTown Center Historic District. It is included in the Township Center Historic District Expansion Nomination Report (May, 2003). This local landmark is considered a KEY building with this district. This designation identifies it as a "building which possesses architectural and historical significance, and which acts as a landmark within the architectural matrix of the district". The site can be viewed on the NJ Historic Preservation office online map viewer for Cultural Resources at https://njdep.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=44ce3eb3c53349639040fe205d69bb79}}</ref>

The station's train tracks ceased to operate in 1981, and train service commenced at the Bay Street station two blocks to the east as the first stage of the building of the Montclair Connection, forming the modern Montclair-Boonton Line. The Lackawanna Terminal building was then converted into its current form: enclosed shopping mall, restaurant and grocery store, while maintaining the structural iron-beam train sheds The adjacent Grove Street Bridge, a reinforced concrete overpass spanning the terminal tracks with enclosed stair connections to the platforms, was demolished and replaced with an at-grade street.[7] Current development plans propose demolishing most of the train sheds to enlarge the parking lot, creating a residential apartment building on the east parcel, closing the pedestrian tunnel under Grove Street and establishing another grocery store on the footprint of the previous Pathmark. However, Lackawanna Terminal is a site with multi-faceted historic significance which could be sensitively developed to accommodate the needs of both the community and the developer. The surviving historic fabric, remaining within the site of the former Lackawanna station must be saved and celebrated as highly significant to the development of Montlcair. This site contains an outstanding building and adjacent structures designed by a promising architect who perished in one of the greatest tragedies of the era. Lackawanna Terminal heralds the arrival of the railroad to Montclair. These factors created the transformation of the Montclair community from an agricultural society into a commuter commuter. Lackawanna Terminal made Montclair "where suburban meets urban".

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Station Numbers". Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad. 1952. p. 2. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  3. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. January 10, 2010. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 27, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
  4. ^ "MONTCLAIR JOYOUS IN NEW TERMINAL; Lackawanna and Other Railroad Officials Hear Praise for Company on Opening Day", The New York Times, p. 11, June 29, 1913, retrieved May 19, 2010
  5. ^ "The Railroad Employee". June 1911. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Chance, Jack (1981). Cite journal requires |journal= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. NJ-52, "Grove Street Bridge"