Lacrimal canaliculi

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Lacrimal canaliculi
Gray896.png
The lacrimal ducts. Right side.
Details
Identifiers
Latincanaliculus lacrimalis
TAA15.2.07.066
FMA58245
Anatomical terminology

The lacrimal canaliculi, (sing. canaliculus), also known as the lacrimal canals or lacrimal ducts, are the small channels in each eyelid that commence at minute orifices, termed puncta lacrimalia, on the summits of the papillae lacrimales, seen on the margins of the lids at the lateral extremity of the lacus lacrimalis.

  • The superior duct, the smaller and shorter of the two, at first ascends, then bends at an acute angle, and passes medialward and downward to the lacrimal sac.
  • The inferior duct at first descends, then runs almost horizontally to the lacrimal sac.

At the angles they are dilated into ampullæ. Able to be seen under a microscope, they are lined by nonkeratinizing stratified squamous epithelium surrounded by fibrous tissue.

Outside the latter is a layer of striped muscle, continuous with the lacrimal part of the orbicularis oculi; at the base of each lacrimal papilla, the muscular fibers are circularly arranged and form a kind of sphincter.

Clinical significance[edit]

Canaliculitis is an inflammation of the canaliculus.[1] Canalicular trauma may require special attention by a specialist trained in the repair of laceration.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 1028 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

External links[edit]