Dilactid, (R,R)-3,6-Dimethyl-1,4-dioxan-2,5-dion, (S,S)-3,6-Dimethyl-1,4-dioxan-2,5-dion, (meso)-3,6-Dimethyl-1,4-dioxan-2,5-dion, (R,R)-2,5-Dimethyl-3,6-dioxo-1,4-dioxan, (S,S)-2,5-Dimethyl-3,6-dioxo-1,4-dioxan, (meso)-2,5-Dimethyl-3,6-dioxo-1,4-dioxan
|Molar mass||144.13 g·mol−1|
|Melting point||95 to 97 °C (203 to 207 °F; 368 to 370 K) [(S,S)-Lactide and (R,R)-Lactide]|
|Hydrolyses to lactic acid|
|Solubility||soluble in chloroform, methanol
slightly soluble in benzene
|S-phrases (outdated)||S26 S37/39|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Lactide is the cyclic di-ester of lactic acid, i.e., 2-hydroxypropionic acid. Lactic acid cannot form a lactone as other hydroxy acids do because the hydroxy group is too close to the carboxylic group. Instead, lactic acid first forms a dimer, which is similar to a 5-hydroxyacid. The dimer contains a hydroxy group at a convenient distance from the carboxylic group for the formation of a lactone. Indeed, the dimer readily forms a six-membered cyclic diester known as lactide. Lactides may be prepared by heating lactic acid in the presence of an acid catalyst.
In general, a lactide is the cyclic diester, i.e., the di-lactone of two molecules of any 2-hydroxycarboxylic acid.
Lactic acid is chiral; two enantiomeric forms, (R)-lactic acid and (S)-lactic acid, may exist. Thus, lactide formed from two equivalents of lactic acid consists of two stereocenters. Three different stereoisomers of lactide are known:
- Sigma Aldrich product page for lactide Retrieved 8th of July 2015
- Römpp Online Chemielexikon Version 3.3 aufgerufen am 25. März 2009
- R. Auras; L.-T. Lim; S. E. M. Selke; H. Tsuji (2010). Poly(lactic acid): Synthesis, Structures, Properties, Processing, and Applications. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-29366-9.