Lactucin

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Lactucin
Lactucin.png
Names
IUPAC name
(3aR,4R,9aS,9bR)-4-Hydroxy-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6-methyl-3-methylene-4,5,9a,9b-tetrahydro-3aH-azuleno[5,4-d]furan-2,7-dione
Identifiers
1891-29-8 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:6358 N
ChemSpider 717609 N
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
KEGG C09489 N
PubChem 821383
Properties
C15H16O5
Molar mass 276.28 g/mol
Appearance White crystalline solid
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Lactucin is a bitter substance that forms a white crystalline solid and belongs to the group of sesquiterpene lactones. It is found in some varieties of lettuce and is an ingredient of lactucarium. It has been shown to have analgesic and sedative properties.[1] It has also shown some antimalarial effects.[2] It is also found in dandelion coffee.

It acts as an adenosine receptor agonist.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wesołowska A, Nikiforuk A, Michalska K, Kisiel W, Chojnacka-Wójcik E (2006). "Analgesic and Sedative Activities of Lactucin and some Lactucin-Like Guaianolides in Mice". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 107 (2): 254–258. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2006.03.003. PMID 16621374. 
  2. ^ Bischoff TA, Kelley CJ, Karchesy Y, Laurantos M, Nguyen-Dinh P, Arefi AG (2004). "Antimalarial Activity of Lactucin and Lactucopicrin: Sesquiterpene Lactones Isolated from Cichorium intybus L.". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 95 (2–3): 455–457. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2004.06.031. PMID 15507374. 
  3. ^ Qasem, Jamal R (2015-04-01). "Prospects of wild medicinal and industrial plants of saline habitats in the Jordan Valley". Pakistan Journal of Botany. 47 (2). ISSN 0556-3321.