Lada Kalina

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Lada Kalina
Lada Kalina II (VAZ-2194) front.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Lada
Production 2004–present
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Related Lada Granta

The Lada Kalina (Russian: Ла́да Кали́на) is a supermini car produced by the Russian manufacturer Lada (AvtoVAZ) since 18 November 2004. The name Kalina comes from the Russian name for a type of viburnum. It is also marketed as the Lada 117/119 in Finland.

The works on Lada Kalina started in 1993. In 1998 the projected vehicle was named "Lada-Kalina". Prototypes were presented in 1999 (hatchback), 2000 (sedan) and 2001 (combi).

First generation[edit]

First generation
Lada Kalina in Geneva 2005.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Lada
Also called Lada 117 (wagon, Finland)
Lada 119 (hatchback, Finland)
Lada 1117 (wagon)
Lada 1118 (sedan)
Lada 1119 (hatchback)
Lada Kalina
Production 2003–2013
Assembly Bucharest, Romania (Dunarea)
Tolyatti, Russia (AvtoVAZ & Lada Sport)
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon
4-door sedan
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L 16-valve I4 (petrol)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,470 mm (97.2 in)
Length 3,850 mm (151.6 in) (hatchback)
4,050 mm (159.4 in) (sedan & wagon)
Width 1,670 mm (65.7 in)
Height 1,500 mm (59.1 in)
Curb weight 1,080 kg (2,381 lb)

Production began with a four-door sedan in 2005, a five-door hatchback being released in 2006 and a station wagon in 2007. The hot-dip galvanized steel with enhanced corrosion resistance used in the production of this car was specially developed by a number of Russian steel producers.[1]

The Kalina is exported to most Western European markets with a price of about €7,000–8,000. It offers driver and passenger airbags, ABS, electric power steering, air conditioning and rear seats that can be folded so that a horizontal platform is formed.

There are three inline-four gasoline engine options, ranging from 81 to 98 hp (60 to 72 kW): a 1.4-litre 16-valve (91 hp; 67 kW), a 1.6-litre 8-valve (81 hp; 60 kW) and a 1.6-litre 16-valve (98 hp; 72 kW).

Its trade name is Kalina in most countries, but in Finland, where kalina means rattle or clatter, the car is marketed as the Lada 119. Its main competitors are cars like the Dacia Logan and Hyundai Accent.

A sportier version, the Kalina GS Sport, is also produced and there has been a Super 1600 version, revealed as a concept car, that uses a turbocharged 1.6 petrol engine derived from the naturally aspirated standard models.

A Lada Kalina was used as the "Reasonably-Priced Car" in the Top Gear Russia television series. It was the fourth most popular car in Russia in 2009, debuting with 60,746 sales nationally,[2] and ranked first in 2012.[3]

Lada El Lada[edit]

The electric car Lada El Lada was introduced in 2011. This was a Lada Kalina station wagon with the 30 kW electric motor powered by the 23 kWh battery pack. Only 100 electric Ladas were produced.[4]

Second generation[edit]

Second generation
Lada Kalina II (VAZ-2192) front.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Lada
Also called Lada 2192 (hatchback)
Lada 2194 (wagon)
Production 2013–present
Assembly Tolyatti, Russia (AvtoVAZ & Lada Sport)
Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan (Asia-Avto)[5]
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Lada Granta
Datsun mi-Do
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L 16-valve I4 (gasoline)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,476 mm (97.5 in)
Length 3,893 mm (153.3 in) (hatchback)
4,084 mm (160.8 in) (wagon)
Width 1,670 mm (65.7 in)
Height 1,500 mm (59.1 in)–1,560 mm (61.4 in)
Curb weight cross & wagon: 1,125–1,160 kg (2,480–2,557 lb)
Sport: 1,626 kg (3,585 lb)

The second generation of the car was revealed at the 2012 Moscow International Automobile Salon. It is basically a facelifted first generation, albeit with a slightly extended wheelbase and length, 13- or 14-inch wheel discs, electronic throttle control[6] and now produced only in hatchback and wagon form.[7] All interior controls are now in English only, just like in the recently introduced Lux models of the Lada Granta. The Kalina was used as the basis for the Japanese Datsun mi-DO, which is produced specifically for the Russian market.

It is powered by a range of two 1.6-litre petrol engines, with 8 and 16-valve respectively, developing 86 to 105 horsepower (64 to 78 kilowatts) and 140 to 145 N·m (14 to 15 m·kgf) of torque.[7]

The hatchback entered production in May 2013,[8] followed by the station wagon later in September.[9] At the time, AvtoVAZ was expressing hope to enter the US and Canada which would have been their first vehicle sales in the North American market since 1991.[10]

Lada Kalina Cross wagon debuted in 2014.[11] The car differs with increased 20 mm road clearance, the altered gear ratios in transmission and the plastic body kit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The body of the Kalina car". 
  2. ^ "The most popular cars in Russia in 2009". 
  3. ^ "Ranking of the best-selling cars in Russia is still led by the Lada Kalina". 
  4. ^ "Lada El Lada". Wroom.ru. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Manufacture Of Lada Granta And Lada Kalina Began In Kazakhstan". Wroom.ru. 6 July 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Autonews". 
  7. ^ a b "ОАО "АВТОВАЗ". Официальный сайт". Lada.ru. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Prices for New Generation Lada Kalina Start at $10,500". Wroom.ru. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "Lada Kalina Station Wagons Now Assembled in Tolyatti". Wroom.ru. 20 September 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 
  10. ^ "Russia's Lada unveils Kalina hatchback". Ronan Glon. 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  11. ^ "First Lada Kalina Cross estates was made at AvtoVAZ". Wroom.ru. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 

External links[edit]