Ladakhi–Balti languages

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Jammu and Kashmir (India), Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan)
Linguistic classificationSino-Tibetan

The Ladakhi–Balti languages or Western Archaic Tibetan languages are a subgroup of the Tibetic languages spoken in Jammu and Kashmir, India and Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. The lects lack mutual intelligibility and are considered separate languages by their speakers. The grouping includes:

Proto-Western Tibetan has been reconstructed by Backstrom (1994).[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Western Archaic Tibetan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Backstrom, Peter Charles (1994). A phonological reconstruction of Proto-Western Tibetan (MA thesis). Arlington, Texas: University of Texas at Arlington.