Ladd Carriage House
Ladd Carriage House
Portland Historic Landmark
The Ladd Carriage House in 2014
|Location||1331 SW Broadway|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Built by||William S. Ladd|
|NRHP reference #||09001211|
|First listed on NRHP||February 12, 1980|
|First de-listed||January 4, 2008|
|Re-listed||January 7, 2010|
The Ladd Carriage House is a building in downtown Portland, Oregon at Broadway and Columbia. It is one of the few surviving buildings forming part of the former grand estates which once stood in the downtown core. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The building served as a coach house and stables for the William S. Ladd mansion, once located across Broadway on the block bounded by Broadway, Columbia, 6th Avenue and Jefferson. The Carriage House was built in 1883, designed by architect Joseph Sherwin, to house the Ladd family's horses and carriages.
Early subsequent use
Helen Ladd Corbett (after the premature death of her husband Henry Jagger Corbett, eldest son of Henry W. Corbett), was the last occupant of her parents' the William S. Ladds' house. She later sold the Carriage House (or Ladd Barn as it was also known) in 1925 to the Hoffman family's Wauna Land Company.
The Ladd mansion and the city block that the house and garden occupied across the street (Broadway) was also later sold by Helen Ladd Corbett in 1926 for a proposed hotel, prior to her move to Riverwood south of Portland, which earlier had been known as Rivera now known as the Dunthorpe area. Her new house was located in grounds at Pacific Highway (now SW Riverside Drive) and SW Military Road and SW Military Lane. The hotel was never built owing to the Depression. The city block was subsequently purchased in 1944 by the Oregonian Publishing Company and the Pietro Belluschi designed building was built there by The Oregonian for its headquarters, which it occupied until 2014 when it was subsequently bought by Amazon's AWS Elemental, whose headquarters now occupy the building.
The Carriage house was renovated in October 1926 and was divided into specialty shops with additional windows. The architect was Morris H. Whitehouse, There were five studios on the first level and the top floor, the former hay loft, was used as a dance floor and an apartment.
The Society of Arts and Crafts and the Portland Civic Theatre each had a studio in the building. Hoffman Construction had offices there from 1933 and in later years occupied the whole building. The architect Van Evera Bailey had his office in the carriage house.
House relocation and restoration
The future of the building was in doubt when the neighboring First Christian Church announced plans to redevelop the block. The congregation had bought the Ladd Carriage House in 1971, and sought to expand parking for its members. As part of the redevelopment, a condominium tower, Ladd Tower, would be built above a parking garage. A demolition permit had been secured for the lot, but never used. Nevertheless, this raised alarm bells in the preservationist community and a grass-roots campaign, the Friends of Ladd Carriage House, was formed to either save or move the old building. One proposal was to move the Carriage House to Lair Hill, but this was logistically complex (steep streets, crossing bridges, cutting Portland Streetcar lines).
A compromise was agreed where the Ladd Carriage House would be moved temporarily while a new garage was excavated. The building would then be moved back onto its original site. The plans for the condominium tower were scaled back so that the tower's footprint only occupied half the block, instead of three-quarters of it.
On June 16, 2007, after ground was broken on Ladd Tower, the Ladd Carriage House was moved to the parking lot owned by the Church of Christ, Scientist at the corner of 10th and Columbia streets. This meant the building didn't need to cross streetcar lines. It was moved back to its original site on October 25, 2008.
Latest renovation and use
Extensive exterior renovations occurred after the Ladd Carriage House moved back to its original site. In April 2009 the house was repainted, going from shades of blue to shades of brown. The house was restored to the National Register of Historic Places in 2010, and in 2011 the building was sold for $1 million. Interior renovations began in spring 2012, and the Raven and Rose restaurant opened in fall 2012.
This latest Ladd Carriage House restoration received a preservation Award by the Victorian Society in America.
- Architecture of Portland, Oregon
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Southwest Portland, Oregon
- Portland Historic Landmarks Commission (July 2010), Historic Landmarks -- Portland, Oregon (XLS), retrieved November 7, 2013.
- "Oregon National Register List" (PDF). Oregon State Parks and Recreation Department. July 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings: January 11, 2008". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Progressive Portland - On The Move, Donald R. Nelson, 2004 ISBN 0-9762823-0-5. pp 42-43.
- Progressive Portland - On The Move, Donald R. Nelson, 2004 ISBN 0-9762823-0-5. pp 40-41.
- Her new home originally built for William S. Sibson and modified by Mrs. Corbett was located at what was then the Pacific Highway (now SW Riverside Drive) and bounded by SW Military Road and SW Military Lane in the Dunthorpe area. "A large Queen Anne country house. Replaced by five well-designed Colonial houses." Matters of Proportion: The Portland Residential Architecture of Whidden & Lewis, Richard Marlitt, Oregon Historical Society Press, Portland, Oregon, 1989, p71 .
- The new house had been designed by Whidden & Lewis for a previous owner, which Mrs. Corbett altered and where she lived for the last nine years of her life.
It was sold by her sons a few years after her 1936 death.
It was described by the Oregonian in 1939:
The former country estate of the late Mrs. Helen Ladd Corbett, constituting six and a half acres of sightly property near the Willamette River a short distance south of West Portland will be divided into several tracts on which fine country homes will soon be erected ...
The site of the former Corbett estate extends from the Pacific highway [now SW Riverside Drive] at its junction with Southwest Military road along gentle slopes above the exclusive Riverwood section in the midst of many of the finest country estates and gardens near Portland. From several vantage points there is an outlook across the Willamette river towards Mount Hood. Corbett Estate Will be Divided, The Oregonian, May 14, 1939.
- King, Bart: An Architectural Guidebook to Portland, pp. 141–142. Gibbs Smith, 2001.
- Amazon's AWS Elemental was formerly Elemental Technologies.
- Progressive Portland - On The Move, Donald R. Nelson, 2004 ISBN 0-9762823-0-5. p.43.
- Van Evera Bailey (1903-1980) is counted among the architects who developed the Northwest Regional Style. The Oregon Encyclopedia, OHS, Hope Svenson. https://oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/bailey_van_evera_1903_1980_/#.Wz4vIy2ZPuQ
- King, Bart (2007). An Architectural Guidebook to Portland (2nd ed.). Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-87071-191-6.
- "OregonLive: Oregonian Special: Ladd Carriage House Move". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2007-08-06.
- Ladd Carriage House story flyer (PDF). 2008. Friends of the Ladd Carriage House. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
- Genovese, Fran (March 5, 2009). "Ladd Carriage House to dress down in brown". The Oregonian. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
- Njus, Elliot (October 7, 2011). "Downtown Portland's Ladd Carriage House sold for $1 million; plan calls for restaurant". The Oregonian. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
- Culverwell, Wendy (October 6, 2011). "Ladd Carriage House sold, to become restaurant". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
- Jackson, Reed (April 16, 2012). "Ladd Carriage House goes from horse stalls to fine dining". Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
- The Victorian Society in America of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania http://www.victoriansociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=151&Itemid=93&fba0ec9d5c9783a7f236c180cc5d78f8=c1c2ff0c1b193ff1a8be1f3f6a819d92
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