Ladies of the Canyon (album)
|Ladies of the Canyon|
|Studio album by|
|Studio||A&M, Los Angeles|
|Joni Mitchell chronology|
|Singles from Ladies of the Canyon|
|Christgau's Record Guide||A–|
|Rolling Stone||(not rated)|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
Ladies of the Canyon is the third studio album by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell, released on Reprise Records in 1970. It peaked at No. 27 on the Billboard 200, and has been certified platinum by the RIAA. The title makes reference to Laurel Canyon, a centre of popular music culture in Los Angeles during the 1960s. The album includes several of Mitchell's most noted songs, such as "Big Yellow Taxi", "Woodstock" and "The Circle Game".
The album is notable for its expansion of Mitchell's artistic vision and its varied song topics (ranging from the aesthetic weight of celebrity, to observation of the Woodstock generation, to the complexities of love). Ladies of the Canyon is often viewed as a transition between Mitchell's folky earlier work and the more sophisticated, poignant albums that were to follow. In particular, "For Free" foreshadows the lyrical leitmotif of the isolation triggered by success that would be elaborated upon in For the Roses and Court and Spark. The sparse, alternative-tuning laden sound of later records comes to the forefront on "Ladies of the Canyon".
Of all of Mitchell's work, this album is the most related to her long-standing friendships and relationships with Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young (whose rock arrangement of "Woodstock" was one of their four radio hits in 1970). A number of the album's songs, including the aforementioned "Ladies of the Canyon" and "Woodstock", feature densely stacked, wordless harmony overdubs reminiscent of David Crosby's oeuvre; Crosby himself has performed "For Free" for many years. "Willy" is an infatuated paean to Graham Nash, whose middle name is William. "The Circle Game", one of the artist's early signature songs, features background vocals from all four, and is a response to Neil Young's "Sugar Mountain". "Big Yellow Taxi" has become a standard over the years, as well as being sampled by Janet Jackson. In 1995 Annie Lennox performed the song "Ladies of the Canyon" and released it as the B-side of her single "No More I Love You's".
Reviewing for The Village Voice in 1970, Robert Christgau found Ladies of the Canyon "superior to her previous work, richer lyrically and more compelling musically." He said the album's second half is "almost perfect, and the arrangements are intelligent throughout", but found Mitchell's voice weak and her wordplay inconsistent. Years later in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981), he said that, despite the occasional "laughably high school" wordplay, Mitchell's reliance on piano suggests "a move from the open air to the drawing room ... that's reflected in richer, more sophisticated songs."
All tracks are written by Joni Mitchell.
- Side one
- "Morning Morgantown" – 3:12
- "For Free" – 4:31
- "Conversation" – 4:21
- "Ladies of the Canyon" – 3:32
- "Willy" – 3:00
- "The Arrangement" – 3:32
- Side two
- "Rainy Night House" – 3:22
- "The Priest" – 3:39
- "Blue Boy" – 2:53
- "Big Yellow Taxi" – 2:16
- "Woodstock" – 5:25
- "The Circle Game" – 4:50
- Joni Mitchell – vocals, guitars, keyboards, cover illustration
- Teresa Adams – cello
- Paul Horn – clarinet, flute
- Jim Horn – baritone saxophone
- Milt Holland – percussion
- The Lookout Mountain United Downstairs Choir – vocal chorus on "The Circle Game"
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- "Raising Cane". Soap Opera Weekly. February 27, 2007. p. 20.
- Christgau, Robert (July 30, 1970). "Consumer Guide (12)". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved April 14, 2013.