Ladislav Šaloun

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Ladislav Šaloun
Ladislav Šaloun.jpg
Šaloun in 1899
Born1 August 1870 (1870-08)
Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austria-Hungary
Died18 October 1946 (1946-10-19) (aged 76)
Prague, Czechoslovakia
NationalityCzech
OccupationSculptor

Ladislav Jan Šaloun (1 August 1870, Prague – 18 October 1946, Prague) was an important Czech sculptor of the Art Nouveau period.

Life[edit]

Šaloun was born in 1870 in Prague and he studied in the studios of Tomáš Seidan and Bohuslav Schnirch.[1] He was involved as an artist in the Mánes Union of Fine Arts. This independent education allowed him to avoid the influence of Josef Václav Myslbek, looking instead to the work of Auguste Rodin. He was later admitted to the prestigious Czech Academy of Sciences in 1912 but never took training there. In 1927 he was appointed the civic artistic advisor for the city of Prague in 1927, and in 1946 was honored by being named a National Artist.

Statue of Jan Hus in Prague's Old Town Square

Šaloun worked on his Jan Hus Memorial on the Old Town Square in Prague for 15 years, from 1901 through 1915. During this time this commission required a much larger studio so he designed Šaloun's Villa where he lived and entertained. This house in Vinohrady is one of the outstanding proto-modernist buildings of its Prague district.[2] He also produced similar Hus monuments for the towns of Hořice (1911–1913) and Libáň (1925). His architectural sculpture for the Municipal House, finished in 1911, is one example of his collaborations with Czech architect Osvald Polívka.

According to Cannon-Brooks, "From the beginning he was extremely prolific and his exceptional facility... led on occasion to a certain superficiality, for which he has been over-criticized."

Šaloun is buried in the Vyšehrad cemetery, not far from his bust of Antonín Dvořák marking the composer's grave.

bust at Antonín Dvořák's tomb, Vyšehrad, Prague
Statue of the Rabbi Judah Lowe of Prague (1526-1609), known as Maharal, a noted philosopher, pedagogue, and biblical commentator. Sculpted by Ladislav Šaloun in 1917 and placed at the New City Hall of Prague

Architectural sculpture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ladislav Saloun, Grove Art, retrieved 5 November 2013
  2. ^ Saloun's Villa, Svoboda Williams, retrieved 7 November 2013

Sources[edit]