Lady Abahai

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For the Qing dynasty emperor also known as Abahai, see Hong Taiji.
Not to be confused with Abatai or Empress Xiaolie.
Empress Xiaoliewu
Born 1590 (1590)
Died 1626 (aged 35–36)
Spouse Nurhaci
Issue Ajige
Dorgon
Dodo
Full name
Ulanara Abahai
(烏喇那拉·阿巴亥)
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaolie Gongmin Xianzhe Renhe Zantian Lisheng Wu
(孝烈恭敏獻哲仁和贊天儷聖武皇后)
House Ulanara (by birth)
Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
Ulanara Abahai
Traditional Chinese 烏喇那拉·阿巴亥
Simplified Chinese 乌喇那拉·阿巴亥

Empress Xiaoliewu (1590–1626), personal name Abahai (Manchu: Abahai.png) of the Ulanara clan, was the fourth primary consort of Nurhaci, the Khan of the Later Jin dynasty (precursor of the Qing dynasty). She bore Nurhaci three sons: Ajige, Dorgon and Dodo. She was erroneously identified with Hong Taiji, Nurhaci's eighth son and successor, in earlier sources.

Life[edit]

Abahai was born in the Manchu Ula clan, a subgroup of the Nara clan. Her father was Mantai (滿泰), a beile of the Ula clan. Under the arrangement of her uncle Bujantai, Abahai married Nurhaci in 1602 when she was 12 years old. Following the death of Nurhaci's secondary consort Lady Yehenara in 1603, Abahai became Nurhaci's Grand Consort (大妃). She was forced to commit suicide in 1626 by her stepsons (including Hong Taiji) because they feared that she might be a barrier to Hong Taiji's succession. Hong Taiji later granted her the posthumous title "Empress Xiaoliewu".

During the early reign of the Shunzhi Emperor (r. 1643–1661), Abahai's second son, Dorgon, served as Prince-Regent for the underage emperor. After Dorgon's death in 1650, the Shunzhi Emperor revoked Abahai's posthumous title.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Preceded by
Dynasty created
Empress of the Qing dynasty

(granted posthumously in 1626)

Succeeded by
Empress Xiaocigao