|Died||1626 (aged 35–36)|
|House||Ulanara (by birth)
Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
Empress Xiaoliewu (1590–1626), personal name Abahai (Manchu: ) of the Ulanara clan, was the fourth primary consort of Nurhaci, the Khan of the Later Jin dynasty (precursor of the Qing dynasty). She bore Nurhaci three sons: Ajige, Dorgon and Dodo. She was erroneously identified with Hong Taiji, Nurhaci's eighth son and successor, in earlier sources.
Abahai was born in the Manchu Ula clan, a subgroup of the Nara clan. Her father was Mantai (滿泰), a beile of the Ula clan. Under the arrangement of her uncle Bujantai, Abahai married Nurhaci in 1602 when she was 12 years old. Following the death of Nurhaci's secondary consort Lady Yehenara in 1603, Abahai became Nurhaci's Grand Consort (大妃). She was forced to commit suicide in 1626 by her stepsons (including Hong Taiji) because they feared that she might be a barrier to Hong Taiji's succession. Hong Taiji later granted her the posthumous title "Empress Xiaoliewu".
During the early reign of the Shunzhi Emperor (r. 1643–1661), Abahai's second son, Dorgon, served as Prince-Regent for the underage emperor. After Dorgon's death in 1650, the Shunzhi Emperor revoked Abahai's posthumous title.
- Hummel, Arthur W. (1943). Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period (1644-1912). United States Government Printing Office.
- Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese). Volume 214.
|Empress of the Qing dynasty
(granted posthumously in 1626)