Lady Ann Cunningham
|Lady Ann Cunningham, Marchioness of Hamilton|
|Known for||Led a cavalry troop during the Battle of Berwick|
|Spouse(s)||James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton|
|Children||James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, William Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Hamilton, Anne (married Hugh, 7th Earl of Eglinton), Margaret (married John, Earl of Crawford and Lindsay), Mary (married James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Queensberry)|
|Parent(s)||James Cunningham, 7th Earl of Glencairn
Background and family
She was the fourth daughter of James Cunningham, 7th Earl of Glencairn and Margaret, daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Glenurquhy, a family noted for their early commitment to Protestantism. Her sister was the memoirist Lady Margaret Cunningham.
She married James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton on 30 January 1603. They had two sons, James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton (1606–1649) and William Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Hamilton (1616–1651) and three daughters, Lady Anne Hamilton (married Hugh, 7th Earl of Eglinton), Lady Margaret Hamilton (married John, Earl of Crawford and Lindsay) and Lady Mary Hamilton (d. 1633) (married James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Queensberry).
Her historical importance is as a defender of the Presbyterian Church in Scotland against Charles I attempts to convert the whole of Scotland to Anglicanism and her active leadership in the National Covenant resistance movement.
Her son, James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, had sided with Charles I. When he attempted to land an army on the Scottish Coast in 1639, she organised the defences and came forth with pistol which she vowed to discharge upon her son if he offered to come ashore. Her son's failure to land his army is attributed[by whom?] to his fear of his mothers' anger, however there are believed[by whom?] to be valid military reasons also.
Lady Ann Cunningham did however raise a cavalry troop and led them on horseback during the Battle of Berwick on 5 June 1639. They rode under a banner showing a hand repelling a prayer book with the motto For God, the King, Religion and the Covenant.
- A Historical Dictionary of British Women, Taylor & Francis Group, Cathy Hartley, Susan Leckey; Published by Routledge, 2003 ISBN 978-1-85743-228-2
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