Georgiana Rolls, Baroness Llangattock

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Georgiana, Lady Llangattock
Lady Llangattock groves.jpg
Portrait by H.Groves
Born 1837
Died (1923-04-01)1 April 1923
Residence The Hendre
Nationality British
Other names
  • Georgiana Marcia Maclean
  • Georgiana Marcia Rolls
Spouse(s) John Allan Rolls, 1st Baron Llangattock
Children John Rolls, 2nd Baron Llangattock
Parent(s) Sir Charles Fitzroy Maclean

Georgiana, Lady Llangattock, (28 February 1837 (baptised)[1] – 1 April 1923), born Georgiana Marcia Maclean and after her marriage termed Georgiana Marcia Rolls, was a socialite, benefactor and an enthusiast for Horatio Nelson and associated naval heroes. She was the wife of John Rolls, 1st Baron Llangattock, a Victorian landowner, Member of Parliament and agriculturalist. She and her husband lived at The Hendre, a Victorian country house north of Monmouth.

Biography[edit]

Georgiana was the daughter of Sir Charles Maclean, 9th Baronet of Morvaren and Emily Eleanor (born Marsham). She was baptised on 28 February 1837 at Kirkby Overblow, Yorkshire.[2] In 1868 she married, John Allan Rolls, the only son of John Etherington Welch Rolls and Elizabeth Long. They lived at The Hendre and they also had a house South Lodge at Rutland Gate in London.[3] They had four children: John Maclean Rolls, Henry Alan Rolls, Eleanor Rolls and Charles Stewart Rolls (1877–1910) who was co-founder of Rolls-Royce Limited and the first person to fly the English Channel in both directions.

A dress owned by Lady Llangattock at Monmouth Museum

Her husband was appointed High Sheriff of Monmouthshire and he served as MP for Monmouthshire for five years. During this time, The Rolls Hall was built and given to the town of Monmouth to celebrate the Queen's jubilee.[4] Lady Llangattock was known for her love of collecting though John Harris has recently described her collection of furniture bought from other Welsh grand houses as "Jacobogus".[5]

HRH The Duke of York, Lord and Lady Llangattock, Sir Charles Cust and the Hon. C.S. Rolls at 'The Hendre', 1900

She became Lady Llangattock when her husband became Lord Llangattock in 1892. She and her husband attended the coronation of King Edward VII in 1902.[6] She was an enthusiast for Admiral Nelson and she took part in celebrations at The Kymin where the centenary of his death was commemorated on 21 October 1905.[7]

Her husband's peerage and rank enabled them to invite the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George V and Queen Mary) in 1900 to stay with them at the Hendre. Her youngest son, Charles Rolls, took the royal couple on what might have been their first car ride.[8] Charles was the first British person to die in a flying accident when his plane crashed in 1910.

Lady Llangattock was well known for her philanthropic and social interests, and for promoting the role of women in society. She was in 1902 elected president of the Monmouthshire branch of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Families' Association.[9] In December 1910 she instigated a meeting in Monmouth which set up a branch of the British Red Cross Society in the county, and first considered the setting up of Voluntary Aid Detachments (VAD) in the area. She became the first President of the Monmouthshire branch of the Society.[10]

Lord Llangattock died in 1912. Her two other sons were killed in action during the First World War, so she was the last Lady Llangattock, and her daughter was the heir to the Hendre.

Legacy[edit]

The Llangattock Collection, which includes a substantial quantity of letters written by Nelson to his wife, was bequeathed to the town of Monmouth. The letters, bound into five volumes, had been bought at auction in 1914 from the Nelson family by Lady Llangattock at Christie's. The first three volumes contain letters to his wife from his proposal to their separation, and the first volume contains Nelson's wife's wedding ring.[11] The first building which housed the collection, initially a gymnasium on Glendower Street donated to the town of Monmouth by Lady Llangattock, is now known as the Nelson Rooms.[12] The Monmouth Museum has been called The Nelson Museum as it is based on the Llangattock collections. The museum also houses material about the Rolls family and it contains the 1867 portrait of Lady Llangattock created by H.Groves. The local library at the Rolls Hall also holds a full-length portrait of Lady Llangattock.

Lineage[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
John Rolls
(1735–1801)
 
Sarah Coysh
(c1742–1801)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Rolls
of The Hendre
(1776–1837)
 
Martha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Etherington Welch Rolls
(1807–70)
 
Elizabeth Mary Long
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Allan Rolls
(1837–1912)
 
Georgiana Marcia Maclean
(1837–1923)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Maclean Rolls
(1870–1916)
 
Henry Alan Rolls
(1871–1916)
 
Eleanor Georgiana Rolls
(1872–1961)
 
Charles Stewart Rolls
(1877–1910)
(co-founder of
Rolls Royce)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peerage - Person Page 1883
  2. ^ Georgiana Marcia Maclean at ThePeerage.com. Accessed 5 April 2012
  3. ^ South Lodge, Country Life, accessed February 2012
  4. ^ Warlow, William Meyler (1899). A history of the charities of William Jones (founder of the "Golden lectureship" in London), at Monmouth & Newland p.338. W. Bennett. p. 444. 
  5. ^ Harris, John (2008). Moving rooms p.57. Yale University Press,. p. 320. 
  6. ^ The dress worn at the Coronation, Gathering the Jewels, accessed April 2012
  7. ^ Sketch of the celebrations, 1905, unknown artist, Monmouth Museum, accessed April 2012
  8. ^ "Charles Rolls at the wheel of his Panhard with the Duke of York, 1900". Gathering the Jewels. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Soldiers′ and Sailors′ Families Association". The Times (36881). London. 24 September 1902. p. 4. 
  10. ^ Jones, Robin (1988). History of the Red Cross in Monmouthshire 1910-1918. British Red Cross Society. p. 12. 
  11. ^ Nelson, Horatio; et al. (1958). Nelson's letters to his wife: and other documents, 1785-1831. Taylor & Francis. p. 630. 
  12. ^ "The Nelson Rooms, Glendower Street, No. 2, Monmouth". coflein.gov.uk. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 

External links[edit]