Lady Mary Chudleigh

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Lady Mary Chudleigh (August 1656 – 1710) was an English poet who was part of an intellectual circle which included Mary Astell, Elizabeth Thomas, Judith Drake, Elizabeth Elstob, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, and John Norris.[1] In her later years she published a volume of poetry and two volumes of essays, all dealing with feminist themes. Two of her books were published in four editions during the last ten years of her life. Her poetry on the theme of human relationships and human reactions has appeared in several anthologies and her feminist essays are still in print.[2]

Origins[edit]

She was born in Winslade, Devon, in August 1656, the daughter of Richard Lee, of Westminster.[3]

Marriage & progeny[edit]

She married Sir George Chudleigh, 3rd Baronet (died 1718) of Ashton, Devon. Her biographers argue as to whether their marriage was happy; her references to marriage as a trap that was psychologically stifling for women suggest that she may have had personal experience with an overbearing husband,[4] but on the other hand, he did allow her to publish several feminist works during his lifetime, and her previously-unpublished work was saved carefully by the family after her death.[5] They had at least three children, including:

Life[edit]

Like most women of her time, she received little in the way of formal education, but read widely [10] and educated herself in theology, science, and philosophy.[11] Little else is known about her life except that one of her daughters must have died young, as her grief is mentioned in her letters and some poetry.

Death[edit]

Mary Chudleigh died in 1710.[12]

Published works[edit]

Individual works[edit]

Collected works[edit]

  • The Poems and Prose of Mary, Lady Chudleigh, ed. Margaret J.M. Ezell (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).[13]

Correspondence[edit]

  • Elizabeth Thomas, Pylades and Corinna (London, 1731).
  • The Poetical Works of Philip Late Duke of Wharton (London, 1731).
  • British Library MSS Stowe 223, f. 398.
  • British Library MSS Stowe 224, f. 1.[13]

Further information[edit]

Biographies[edit]

  • George Ballard, Memoirs of Several Ladies of Great Britain who have been Celebrated for their Writings or Skill in the Learned Languages, Arts and Sciences, ed. Ruth Perry (Detroit: Wayne State Univ. Press, 1985).[13]

Anthologies[edit]

  • Norton Anthology of Literature by Women: The Traditions in English, Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar, eds.
  • The First Feminists: British Women Writers, Moira Fergusson, ed., (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985).
  • Eighteenth-Century Women Poets: An Oxford Anthology, Roger Lonsdale, ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).
  • British Literature: An Anthology, Robert DeMaria, Jr., ed. (London: Blackwell, 1996).[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sowaal, Alice. "Mary Astell." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2005) 16 December 2006 <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/astell/>
  2. ^ Gilbert, Sandra M. and Susan Gubar. "Lady Mary Chudleigh." The Norton Anthology of Literature by Women: The Traditions in English. New York: W.W. Norton, 1996. 161.
  3. ^ Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitation of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.190, pedigree of Chudleigh
  4. ^ Gilbert, Sandra M. and Susan Gubar. "Lady Mary Chudleigh." The Norton Anthology of Literature by Women: The Traditions in English. New York: W.W. Norton, 1996. 161.
  5. ^ "Lady Mary Chudleigh Biography." Famous Poets and Poems. 16 December 2006.
  6. ^ Dathe of birth per: Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitation of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.270, pedigree of Davie; date of death per: Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.397
  7. ^ Vivian, p.190, pedigree of Chudleigh
  8. ^  Humphreys, Jennett (1887). "Chudleigh, Mary". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  9. ^ Colman, G. and B. Thornton. Poems by the Most Eminent Ladies of Great Britain and Ireland. London, T. Becket and T. Evans, 1773. 180-181. 2003.
  10. ^ Colman, G. and B. Thornton. Poems by the Most Eminent Ladies of Great Britain and Ireland. London, T. Becket and T. Evans, 1773. 180-181.Mark-up edition © Drury-Kent, Roxanne, ed. Northern Kentucky University, 2003. <http://www.nku.edu/~issues/eminent_ladies/vol1/master_file_vol_1.html#1 81>.
  11. ^ "Lady Mary Chudleigh Biography." Famous Poets and Poems. 16 December 2006 <http://www.famouspoetsandpoems.com/poets/lady_mary_chudleigh/biography> .
  12. ^ Gilbert, Sandra M. and Susan Gubar. "Lady Mary Chudleigh." The Norton Anthology of Literature by Women: The Traditions in English. New York: W.W. Norton, 1996. 161.
  13. ^ a b c d Ezell, Margaret J. M. "Selected Bibliography: Mary, Lady Chudleigh)." c18 Bibliographies On-Line. Ed. Jack Lynch. Rutgers, 1999. 16 December 2006 <http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~jlynch/C18/biblio/chudleigh.html>.

External links[edit]