Mary Victoria Douglas-Hamilton

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Mary Victoria Hamilton
Hereditary Princess of Monaco
Undated image of Lady Mary Victoria Douglas-Hamilton, (1850-1922) future Hereditary Princess of Monaco.jpg
Born Mary Victoria Douglas-Hamilton
(1850-12-11)11 December 1850
Hamilton Palace, Scotland
Died 14 May 1922(1922-05-14) (aged 71)
Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary
Burial Festetics Mausoleum
Spouse Albert I of Monaco
Tassilo Festetics von Tolna
Issue Louis II of Monaco
Countess Mária Matild Festetics de Tolna
Prince György Tasziló Festetics de Tolna
Countess Alexandra Olga Festetics de Tolna
Countess Karola Friderika Festetics de Tolna
House Douglas and Angus (by birth)
Grimaldi (by marriage)
Father William Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton
Mother Princess Marie Amelie of Baden

Lady Mary Victoria Douglas-Hamilton, also known as the Lady Mary Victoria Hamilton[1] (11 December 1850 – 14 May 1922) was the Lanarkshire-born, Scottish great-grandmother of Prince Rainier III of Monaco, the fashion designer Prince Egon von Fürstenberg, the socialite and actress Princess Ira von Fürstenberg and the Czech Minister of Foreign Affairs Prince Karel Schwarzenberg. She was the daughter of William Alexander Anthony Archibald Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton and of his wife, Princess Marie Amelie Elizabeth Caroline of Baden. Through her maternal grandmother, she was a third cousin of Emperor Napoléon III of France. She was a first cousin of Queen Carola of Saxony, Queen Stephanie of Portugal, King Carol I of Romania, and Princess Marie, Countess of Flanders (mother of King Albert I of the Belgians).


Her first marriage, on 21 September 1869 at Château de Marchais, was to Prince Albert, only child and heir of Charles III, Prince of Monaco. Mary Victoria bore Prince Albert a single son, Louis, who would take the throne of Monaco upon his father's death. Their marriage was annulled by the Church on 3 January 1880 (although civilly it was dissolved only on 28 July 1880 by the Order of Prince Charles III).

Her second marriage, on 2 June 1880, was to Count Tassilo Festetics de Tolna. The couple had four children:

  • Countess Mária Matild Georgina Festetics de Tolna (24 May 1881– 2 March 1953) who married Prince Karl Emil von Fürstenberg in 1903, They have four children:
    • Prince Tassilo of Fürstenberg (20 June 1903) he married Clara Agnelli on 19 November 1938 and they were divorced. They have three children:
      • Princess Virginia "Ira" of Fürstenberg (18 April 1940) she married Prince Alfonso of Hohenlohe-Langenburg on 17 September 1955 and they were divorced on 14 December 1960. They have two sons. She remarried Francisco Pignatari on 12 January 1961 and they were divorced in January 1964.
      • Prince Egon von Fürstenberg (29 June 1946 – 11 June 2004) he married Diane Halfin on 16 July 1969 and they were divorced. They have two children and four grandchildren. He remarried Lynn Marshall in 1983.
      • Prince Sebastian von Fürstenberg (1950) he married Elisabetta Guarnati in 1972. They have one daughter:
        • Princess Virginia von Fürstenberg (1974)
    • Princess Antonia Leontine von Fürstenberg (12 January 1905-24 December 1988) she married Karl Friedrich of Schwarzenberg, 6th Prince zu Schwarzenberg in 1934.
      • Karl Johannes, Prince of Schwarzenberg (10 December 1937) he married Therese Hardegg on 22 April 1967. They have three children.
      • Prince Friedrich Karl Joseph von Nepomuk Antonius of Schwarzenberg (1940) he married Regula Brigitta Schlegel in 1956, They have two children:
        • Prince Ferdinand Karl Joseph Johannes of Schwarzenberg (1989)
        • Princess Marie Helene Antoinette Teresa Maximiliana of Schwarzenberg (1987)
      • Princess Marie Eleanore Anna Anastasia Theresia of Schwarzenberg (1936) she married Leopold-Bill von Bredow in 1969. They have three children:
        • Vendeline von Bredow (1970)
        • Leopold von Bredow (1971) he married Anne de Vésian in 2005. They have two children:
          • Melchior von Bredow (2008)
          • Antonia von Bredow (2007)
        • Felix von Bredow (1973) he married Andrea Kern in 2005. They have two sons:
          • Tassilo von Bredow (2006)
          • Cajetan von Bredow (2008)
      • Princess Anna Maria Karolina Ignatia Theresia of Schwarzenberg (31 July 1946) she married Baron Elmar Guido Maria Ignatius Diederich von Haxthausen in 1970. They have two sons:
        • Baron Caspar Moritz Stephan Clemens Elmerhaus Maria von Haxthause (1980)
        • Baron August Friedrich Philipp Antonius Benedikt von Haxthausen (1985)
    • Princess Maria Olga Benedikta of Fürstenburg (1907-1945)
    • Princess Karoline Irma Elisabeth Antonie of Fürstenburg (19 November 1912)
  • Prince György Tasziló József Festetics de Tolna (4 September 1882–4 August 1941); who married to Countess Marie Franziska von Haugwitz in 1938. They have one son:
    • Prince György Pál Tasziló de Tolna, 3rd Prince Festetics de Tolna (1940) he married osephine Harmer in 1977. They have two sons:
      • Tasziló Maria Albert de Tolna (1978)
      • György de Tolna (1984)
  • Countess Alexandra Olga Eugénia Festetics de Tolna (1 March 1884–23 April 1963) she married Prince Karl von Windisch-Grätz (brother-in-law of Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria) on 26 October 1905. They have two children. She remarried Prince Erwin of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst on 10 October 1917. They have one son.
    • Princess Maria Camilla of Windisch-Grätz (1907)
    • Prince Karl Ernst Tassilo Weriand of Windisch-Grätz (28 November 1909-27 October 1983)
    • Prince Tassilo Erwin Benediktus Eustatius Maria of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (1918-1979) he married Countess Antoinette Maria Anna Johanna von Seilern und Aspang in 1947. They have six children:
      • Prince Constantin Friedrich Hubertus zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (1949).
      • Prince Philipp Oswald Friedrich Erwin of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (1952) he married Robin Frances Jeep in 1977 and they were divorce. They have one daughter. He remarried Michaela Bendu. They have one daughter.
        • Princess Alexandra of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (1983)
        • Princess Clara Maria of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (2000)
      • Prince Karl Albrecht of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (1960) he married Countess Maria Teresa von Bulgarini d’Elci in 1988 and they were divorce in 2001. They have two daughters. He remarried Martina Malle in 2004. They have two children.
        • Princess Alice Antoinette Maria Teresia of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (1990)
        • Princess Franziska (Fanny) Johanna Viktoria zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (1999)
        • Prince Louis Maria Maximilian Thomas of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (2008)
        • Princess Lilliane Maria Carola Johanna of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (2007)
      • Princess Alexandra Maria Huberta of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (1950) she married Walter Mauitz in 1989.
      • Princess Carola Lucrezia Maria of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (1953)
      • Princess Maria Johanna of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfürst (1959)
  • Countess Karola Friderika Mária Festetics de Tolna (17 January 1888–21 January 1951) she married Baron Oskar Gautsch von Frankenthurn in 1924.

During her 40-year marriage to Graf, and later Prince Festetics, Lady Mary oversaw enlargement and improvement of the Festetics' main seat, Festetics Palace, and its gardens, in Keszthely, western Hungary. On numerous occasions, she and her husband would entertain her brother the Duke of Hamilton, and his great friend, the Prince of Wales. There are still portraits extant in the Palace of numerous members of her family, including one of her father in full Highland dress. Outside the palace, on either side of the main entrance there are the Armorial bearings of both the Lady Mary and her husband.

Further, the Helikon Library at the Palace contains many works that were brought to Keszthely by the Lady Mary from her father and brother's collections at Hamilton Palace.

The Palace grounds, on the shores of Lake Balaton, contains a Mausoleum to the Festetics and is the final resting place of the Lady Mary and her husband.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 11 December 1850 – 21 September 1869: Lady Mary Victoria Douglas-Hamilton
  • 21 September 1869 – 3 January 1880: Her Serene Highness The Hereditary Princess of Monaco
  • 3 January 1880 – 2 June 1880: Lady Mary Victoria Douglas-Hamilton
  • 2 June 1880 – 21 June 1911: Countess Mary Victoria Festetics de Tolna
  • 21 June 1911 – 14 May 1922: Her Serene Highness Princess Mary Victoria Festetics de Tolna


See also[edit]

Festetics family


  1. ^ "Person Page 10128". Retrieved 27 February 2012.