Lady Pamela Hicks
|Lady Pamela Hicks|
Pamela Mountbatten with Jawaharlal Nehru as she was about to leave India in June 1948.
|Born||Pamela Carmen Louise Mountbatten
19 April 1929
|Spouse(s)||David Nightingale Hicks
(m. 1960; d. 1998)
|Parent(s)||Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Lady Pamela Carmen Louise Hicks (née Mountbatten; born 19 April 1929) is a British aristocrat. She is the younger daughter of the 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma by his wife, Edwina Mountbatten. Through her father, Lady Pamela is a first cousin of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and a great niece of the last Tsarina of Russia, Alexandra Feodorovna.
Lady Pamela was born in Barcelona, Spain, in 1929, the younger sister of Lady Patricia Mountbatten. Through her father, she is a first cousin of the Duke of Edinburgh and a great-great-grandchild of Queen Victoria. Through her mother, she is the second great-granddaughter of the 7th Earl of Shaftesbury. During her youth, Lady Pamela lived with her paternal grandmother, Victoria, Marchioness of Milford Haven, during school holidays.
In 1947, Lady Pamela accompanied her parents to India remaining with them throughout her father's term as Viceroy of pre-Independence India and then Governor-General of post-Partition India through 1948, living with them in Government House, New Delhi and the summer Viceregal Lodge in Simla.
Bridesmaid and Lady-in-Waiting to The Queen
In November 1947, Lady Pamela acted as a bridesmaid to then-Princess Elizabeth at her 1947 wedding to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (her first cousin). As lady-in-waiting to Princess Elizabeth she was with her and the Duke of Edinburgh in Kenya when King George VI died on 6 February 1952. In late 1953 and early 1954, she accompanied the Queen as lady-in-waiting on the royal tour to Jamaica, Panama, Fiji, Tonga, New Zealand, Australia, Ceylon, Aden, Libya, Malta and Gibraltar.
Marriage and children
Lady Pamela is the widow of interior decorator and designer David Nightingale Hicks (25 March 1929 – 29 March 1998), son of Herbert Hicks and Iris Elsie Platten. They were married on 13 January 1960 at Romsey Abbey in Hampshire. The bridesmaids were Princess Anne, Princess Clarissa of Hesse (daughter of her cousin Sophie), Lady Amanda Knatchbull, Victoria Marten (god-daughter of the bride), and the Hon. Joanna Knatchbull (daughter of the bride's sister Patricia). Upon returning from honeymoon in the West Indies and New York she learned the death of her mother in February 1960.
Together, the couple had three children:
- Edwina Victoria Louise Hicks (born 24 December 1961)
- Ashley Louis David Hicks (born 18 July 1963)
- India Amanda Caroline Hicks (born 5 September 1967), who acted as a bridesmaid at the wedding of The Prince of Wales, her godfather and Lady Diana Spencer.
David Nightingale Hicks died on 29 March 1998, aged 69, from lung cancer.
Lady Pamela Hicks has been a Director of H Securities Unlimited, a fund management and brokerage firm, since 1991. She is a former director of Cottesmore Farms. In 2002, she sold off her mother's tiara at Sotheby's.
In 2007, Lady Pamela published her memoirs of her days in New Delhi and Simla, when India was partitioned into India and Pakistan and the Union Jack came down. She wrote in India Remembered: A Personal Account of the Mountbattens During the Transfer of Power that, while her mother, Countess Mountbatten of Burma, and Jawaharlal Nehru, the future Prime Minister of India, were deeply in love, "the relationship remained platonic". In 2012, she published the second volume of her memoirs titled Daughter of Empire: Life as a Mountbatten, chronicling her childhood, her time in India, and her time as lady-in-waiting to The Queen.
Pamela Mountbatten (3rd from right) at a reception in New Delhi in October 1947
Styles from birth
- 19 April 1929 – 27 August 1946: Miss Pamela Mountbatten
- 27 August 1946 – 21 June 1948: The Honourable Pamela Mountbatten
- 21 June 1948 – 13 January 1960: Lady Pamela Mountbatten
- 13 January 1960 – present: Lady Pamela Hicks
- Mountbatten, Pamela; Hicks, India (foreword). India Remembered: A Personal Account of the Mountbattens During the Transfer of Power, Pavilion Books, 2007; ISBN 978-1-86205-759-3
- Hicks, Pamela. Daughter of Empire: Life as a Mountbatten, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2012; ISBN 978-0297864820
- Murphy, Victoria (3 November 2012). "Revealed: Queen's lifelong friend on what happened the night Elizabeth found out her father, King George, had died". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "The wedding of David Hicks and Lady Pamela Mountbatten". National Portrait Gallery, London.
- "Lady Mountbatten dies in sleep on visit to Borneo". The Sydney Morning Herald. London. AAP. 21 February 1960. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Gibson, David (2 April 1998). "David Hicks, 69, Interior Design Star of the 60s, Is Dead". New York Times. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Roy, Amid (16 November 2002). "Crown of Raj last family on sale - Lady Mountbatten's tiara to go under hammer at Sotheby's". The Telegraph. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "Love triangle at the heart of the British handover". The Sunday Times. UK. 22 July 2007. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
- "Pamela Mountbatten on the Jawaharlal-Edwina relationship". The Hindu. India. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
|Lines of succession|
|Line of succession to the British throne||Succeeded by