Lady Penelope Creighton-Ward
|First appearance||"Trapped in the Sky"|
(30 September 1965)
|Created by||Gerry and Sylvia Anderson|
|Based on||Sylvia Anderson|
|Designed by||Mary Turner|
|Portrayed by||Sophia Myles|
(2004 live-action film)
|Voiced by||Sylvia Anderson (original series)|
Rosamund Pike (remake series)
Genevieve Gaunt (2021 audio series)
|Family||Lord Hugh Creighton-Ward (father)|
Lady Amelia Creighton-Ward (mother)
|Home||Creighton-Ward Mansion, Kent|
Lady Penelope Creighton-Ward is a fictional character introduced in the British 1960s Supermarionation television series Thunderbirds, which was produced by AP Films (APF) for ITC Entertainment. The character also appears in the film sequels Thunderbirds Are Go (1966) and Thunderbird 6 (1968), the 2004 live-action film Thunderbirds and the CGI remake series Thunderbirds Are Go. In the world of Thunderbirds, Penelope is employed by the secret organisation International Rescue as its London field agent.
The puppet character of the TV series and first two films were voiced by Sylvia Anderson. In the live-action film, she was portrayed by Sophia Myles, while in the remake series she is voiced by Rosamund Pike.
The original puppet character was devised with transatlantic viewers in mind. In a 2014 interview, Thunderbirds co-creator Sylvia Anderson explained: "I said to myself, 'What do the Americans think of us Brits? They think we're either Cockneys or posh ladies in stately homes. OK, that's what we'll give them.' So you've got Parker, the Cockney chauffeur, and Lady Penelope Creighton-Ward, who lives this glamorous life in her big house."
Anderson said that she made Penelope a secret agent as she "loved the idea of an adventurous secret life." She compared Penelope favourably to the women characters of AP Films' earlier puppet series, which in her words "were just there to look good", adding that when the company moved on to Thunderbirds "the role of women was changing, and I knew Lady Penelope had to be up there with the boys." In her autobiography, she said that she wrote the character to convey "not only the daring and panache of a secret agent, but also the poise of a cool and beautiful aristocrat".
Penelope would ultimately be modelled on and voiced by Anderson. The original template for the character was a model in Vogue magazine. However, after a number of test sculptures were rejected, designer Mary Turner instead chose to base the look on Anderson herself (a decision of which Anderson was not immediately apprised). Interviewed by the Daily Mirror in 1968, Turner commented: "We wanted a glamorous blonde and [Anderson] was the obvious choice."
One of my favourite books was The Scarlet Pimpernel. I was fascinated by the idea that you could be one person by day and someone completely different at night. So I thought about the lady of the manor with her lovely car, doing all her good works. And then I thought there would be someone she would give a second chance to in life; a lovable rogue who could be the driver of her pink Rolls‑Royce. That's how Penelope and Parker evolved.
The character's attire was inspired by contemporary Carnaby Street and Parisian fashions, with Vogue and Harper's magazines used as points of reference. Silks, leathers and furs were supplied by London department stores such as Liberty and Dickins & Jones.
During the production of the 2004 live-action film, actress Sophia Myles had a movement director to help her give the character a graceful walk. In an interview with Starburst magazine, Myles said that her interpretation of the character was not based on a particular person, but was instead the result of "drawing all the fantastic elements from the original and adding my own personal twists to make it my own."
Born on 24 December 2000 (Thunderbirds) or 2039 (Thunderbirds Are Go), Lady Penelope is the 26-year-old daughter of aristocrat Lord Hugh Creighton-Ward and his wife, Amelia. The early years of her life were spent at Creighton-Ward Mansion. Later, her father was requested by the government to travel to India to organise a tea-growing community. The Indian climate did not agree with Penelope, so she returned without her parents to England, where she was put into the care of a governess, Miss Pemberton, with whom she quickly bonded. At the age of eleven, Penelope was sent to the prestigious Roedean School. She excelled in many subjects and became very popular among her peers; she was later elected head girl. Upon leaving Roedean, Penelope attended a finishing school in Switzerland. Here, she became a skilled skier and linguist, being able to speak fluent French, German and Italian.
On the outside, Lady Penelope is just another member of the British high society, as well as a fashion icon. However, after completing her education in Buckinghamshire, she rejected the aristocracy's endless round of social engagements and became a secret agent. It was while working as the chief operative of the Federal Agents Bureau (FAB) that Penelope first met Jeff Tracy, the founder of International Rescue, and immediately accepted his invitation to become IR's field agent in London. In the episode "Vault of Death" it is shown she is not a very good driver.
Penelope is stylish and fashionable in every aspect of her life. She is a world-renowned supermodel and celebrity and has appeared on the cover of Chic magazine. Her clothes are specially created for her by top fashion designers such as Elaine Wickfern and François Lemaire, who named a revolutionary new fabric "Penelon" after her. She wears an exclusive perfume called "Soupçon de Péril", mixed for her by Jacques Verre. Whenever Penelope is in Paris, she always drinks Pernod. She takes tea almost religiously and can communicate with International Rescue via her Regency teapot.
- "Trapped in the Sky"
- "The Perils of Penelope"
- "Day of Disaster"
- "30 Minutes After Noon"
- "Vault of Death"
- "The Mighty Atom"
- "The Impostors"
- "The Man from MI.5"
- "Danger at Ocean Deep"
- "The Duchess Assignment"
- "Brink of Disaster"
- "The Cham-Cham"
- "Security Hazard" (in flashback footage)
- "Atlantic Inferno"
- "Path of Destruction"
- "Alias Mr. Hackenbacker"
- "Lord Parker's 'Oliday"
- "Give or Take a Million"
- Thunderbirds Are Go
- Thunderbird 6
Lady Penelope's butler and chauffeur is Aloysius "Nosey" Parker. He is descended from a long line of Cockney retainers who have served the British aristocracy for centuries. However, finding it difficult to obtain a stable job, Parker fell in with the criminals of the London underworld. He secured a reputation as the world's foremost safe-cracker and cat-burglar, which resulted in his serving a sentence at Parkmoor Scrubs Prison. Following his release, he quickly returned to his criminal ways, and was discovered by Penelope while attempting to crack the safe of an oil tycoon. Penelope had learned of Parker's talents and offered him a partnership in her spy work for International Rescue. He is now a loyal and indispensable assistant to Penelope and IR. "Give or Take a Million" is the only episode of the series in which Penelope appears without Parker.
Lilian (or Lil, as she is known by Parker) is Penelope's cook. She has a sizeable repertoire of dishes, much to Parker's disgust. Perce is the gardener for the 2,000-acre (8.1 km2) Creighton-Ward estate and a friend of Parker.
Vehicles and property
Penelope owns a six-wheeled Rolls-Royce called FAB 1, painted in her trademark shade of pink. The vehicle is driven by Parker. FAB 1 is equipped with various features to assist Penelope's field operative work, such as machine guns, bulletproof glass, water skis for sea excursions, and radar-assisted steering. Penelope also owns a private yacht named FAB 2, a champion racehorse named FAB 3, and Seabird, a 40-foot (12 m) cruise ship. Several Seabirds have been constructed, since they are frequently destroyed in use.
The seat of the Creighton-Ward dynasty is Creighton-Ward Mansion, an 18th-century stately home in Foxleyheath, Kent. The first mansion was built on the site of a Norman castle by the first Lord Creighton-Ward after he was knighted by Elizabeth I, who was a regular visitor. The current mansion was built by Lord Cuthbert Creighton-Ward in 1730 after he burned down the previous house during a gunpowder experiment. Lord Cuthbert asked architect Colen Campbell to design the iconic Palladian edifice, which has been designated a Grade I listed building by the World Heritage Organisation. When Penelope became a secret agent, she renovated the historic building to better suit her double lifestyle by installing a satellite antenna, a number of two-way video communication consoles for contacting International Rescue, and a safe with state-of-the-art alarm system and CCTV. A forensic laboratory was built on the site of old servants' quarters. An underground river with a boat runs beneath the estate, and if Penelope thinks that Creighton-Ward Mansion is under surveillance or that she is in danger, she can meet Parker at a nearby village without anyone knowing.
Penelope also owns Bonga Bonga, a sheep station in the Australian outback housing 200,007 sheep. The property was acquired by Bertie "Buster" Creighton-Ward. The open-plan lounge, with its modern fabrics and simple geometric designs, is in sharp contrast to the detail of Creighton-Ward Mansion.
"Penelon" was created by fashion designer François Lemaire, who named it in honour of his favourite model, Lady Penelope. This fabric has extraordinary properties: Penelon can be converted into any costume design, squeezed into a space the size of a match box and be fashioned to resemble any other material. The fabric is sought after by Lemaire's rivals, and after Penelope discovers that they have bugged his office, she suggests that the unveiling of Lemaire's new all-Penelon collection be held on board the aircraft Skythrust, designed by International Rescue's engineer, Brains.
Thunderbirds script editor Alan Pattillo admired the character, finding her more interesting than the Tracys: "All the men had to do was pilot these marvellous craft [...] Penelope was much more flexible. She wasn't living on this island in a practically all-male society. She lived a life of her own, but she enjoyed participating with International Rescue where necessary."
The original character has been well received by commentators. Starburst magazine calls Penelope one of the series' "best-loved characters". According to Angus Allan, Penelope and Parker "became a cult in themselves." Commenting on the Thunderbirds cast, writer John Peel singles out Penelope for particular praise, referring to her as the "one character in the show who positively shone". He approves of her characterisation as a secret agent obliged to play the role of a "bored aristocrat", identifying parallels with male literary characters such as James Bond, Zorro and the Scarlet Pimpernel. Commentator Bill Osgerby argues that Penelope and Parker were added to the series to "play up to American perceptions of the British class system", noting Penelope's status as an "aristocratic amateur" in contrast with the "meritocratic professionals" embodied by the Tracy men. He also describes the character as a "pop feminist" and an "emblem of Swinging Sixties femininity", comparing her to Emma Peel and Modesty Blaise. Considering Penelope and Parker to be "amongst the most popular and recognisable TV characters ever created", Robert Sellers comments that they "[stole] the show", with Penelope in particular "following in the liberated footsteps of Cathy Gale and Emma Peel."
Anderson argued that the character "broke the mould" for depictions of women in children's television. She also believed that after Penelope's early appearances, in which she played more of a supporting role, the character quickly rose to prominence: "All the heroines in our previous series had been perfect foils to the action-man heroes, but now, with Lady Penelope, we had an action girl who was a personality in her own right." When Thunderbirds was repeated on the BBC in the early 2000s, the character was criticised for smoking, wearing furs and not using seat belts in cars. Anderson commented that smoking and fur-wearing in particular were likely to be viewed by modern audiences as politically incorrect, calling them two of several "stereotyped prejudices" in Thunderbirds. She elaborated: "We were limited by the age in which we lived, and although we prided ourselves on setting new boundaries, I suppose we were too obsessed with the Space Age, nuclear power and their consequences to be more aware of green and other more down-to-earth issues." Brian Viner writes that the character smoked "with the élan of Grace Kelly".
In a negative preview of the live-action film, XPosé magazine commented that Penelope seemed to have "turned into Barbara Cartland, as though someone's decided that her defining character trait is the colour pink."
In other media
As an eponym
- La Rivière, Stephen (2014) . Filmed in Supermarionation (2nd ed.). London, UK: Network Distributing. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-992-9766-0-6.
- Plunkett, John (30 September 2013). "Thunderbirds Are Go! Blends Old and New for Return of Classic Series". The Guardian. London, UK: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- Scott, Danny (9 March 2014). "Voice of Lady Penelope Sylvia Anderson: 'We helped children escape into their imagination'". express.co.uk. London, UK: Northern & Shell. Archived from the original on 9 March 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Anderson 1991, p. 30
- Archer, Simon (2004) . Gerry Anderson's FAB Facts: Behind the Scenes of TV's Famous Adventures in the 21st Century. London, UK: HarperCollins. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-00-638247-8.
- La Rivière 2009, p. 108.
- La Rivière 2009, p. 109.
- Marriott 1993, p. 154.
- Anderson 1991, p. 44
- Hearn 2015, pp. 60–61.
- Marriott 1993, p. 121.
- Archer, Simon; Nicholls, Stan (1996). Gerry Anderson: The Authorised Biography. London, UK: Legend Books. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-09-922442-6.
- Sellers, Robert (2006). "Puppet Master: Thunderbirds (1965–66)". Cult TV: The Golden Age of ITC. London, UK: Plexus Publishing. pp. 95–96. ISBN 978-0-85965-388-6.
- Hearn 2015, p. 65.
- Payne, Stephen, ed. (August 2004). "Very Good, M'Lady". Starburst. No. Special 65. London, UK: Visual Imagination. pp. 25–26. ISSN 0955-114X. OCLC 79615651.
- La Rivière 2009, p. 113.
- Allan, Angus (February 1982). "Space-Age Puppets". Look-in. No. 7. London, UK: Independent Television Publications. p. 18.
- Peel, John (1993). Thunderbirds, Stingray, Captain Scarlet: The Authorised Programme Guide. London, UK: Virgin Books. p. 243. ISBN 978-0-86369-728-9.
- Osgerby, Bill (2000). "'Stand-By For Action!' Gerry Anderson, Supermarionation and the 'White Heat' of Sixties Modernity". In Mendik, Xavier; Harper, Graeme (eds.). Unruly Pleasures: The Cult Film and its Classics. Guildford, UK: FAB Press. pp. 129 and 133. ISBN 9781903254004.
- "Lady Penelope in the Dock". BBC News Online. 28 February 2001. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- Anderson 2007, p. 102.
- Viner, Brian (2009). Nice to See it, to See it, Nice: The 1970s in Front of the Telly. London, UK: Simon & Schuster UK. pp. 210–211. ISBN 978-0-74329-585-7.
- Brown, Anthony, ed. (July 2004). "Coming Attractions: Thunderbirds". XPosé. No. 87. London, UK: Visual Imagination. p. 14. ISSN 1363-8289.
- "Yours for just £299,000: Lady Penelope, the first 747 to fly the Virgin Atlantic livery". The Independent. 26 May 2016.
- "Remaining Class 57/3s snapped up by DRS and West Coast Co". The Railway Magazine. No. 1343. March 2013. p. 80.
- Anderson, Sylvia (2007). Sylvia Anderson: My Fab Years!. Neshannock, Pennsylvania: Hermes Press. ISBN 978-1-932563-91-7.
- Hearn, Marcus (2015). Thunderbirds: The Vault. London, UK: Virgin Books. ISBN 978-0-753-55635-1.
- La Rivière, Stephen (2009). Filmed in Supermarionation: A History of the Future. Neshannock, Pennsylvania: Hermes Press. ISBN 978-1-932563-23-8.
- Marriott, John (1993). Supermarionation Classics: Stingray, Thunderbirds and Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons. Rogers, Dave; Drake, Chris; Bassett, Graeme. London, UK: Boxtree. ISBN 978-1-85283-900-0.