Lady Rai

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Side view of Lady Rai's mummy, now in Cairo Museum.

Lady Rai (c. 1570/1560 – 1530 BCE) was an ancient Egyptian woman of the early 18th Dynasty who served as nursemaid to Queen Ahmose-Nefertari (1562-1495 BCE). Her mummified remains were discovered in a Theban tomb in 1881 and she is estimated to have been in her 30s at the time of her death. The mummy was unwrapped by Grafton Elliot Smith in 1909. He distinguished her mummy as "the most perfect example of embalming that has come down to us from the time of the early 18'th Dynasty, or perhaps even of any period." He further characterized her as "the least unlovely" of the existing female mummies, and described as a "slim, gracefully-built woman," measuring 1m 510mm in height, with small "childlike" hands. [1]

In 2009, a CAT scan by a medical team revealed Lady Rai had a diseased aortic arch and is thus the oldest known mummy with evidence of atherosclerosis.[2]

The mummy of Ahmose Inhapy, a princess and queen of the late 17th dynasty of Egypt who was aunt to Ahmose-Nefertari, was found in the outer coffin of Lady Rai.


  1. ^ "XVIII'th Dynasty Gallery I". The Theban Royal Mummy Project. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  2. ^ Allam, Adel H.; et al. (November 18, 2009). "Computed tomographic assessment of atherosclerosis in ancient Egyptian mummies". JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association. 302 (19): 2091–2094.