Lady Sings the Blues (film)
|Lady Sings the Blues|
|Directed by||Sidney J. Furie|
|Screenplay by||Suzanne de Passe|
|Based on||Lady Sings the Blues|
by Billie Holiday
|Produced by||Brad Dexter|
James S. White
Billy Dee Williams
|Cinematography||John A. Alonzo|
|Edited by||Argyle Nelson|
|Music by||Gil Askey|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$19.7 million|
Lady Sings the Blues is a 1972 American biographical drama film directed by Sidney J. Furie about jazz singer Billie Holiday, loosely based on her 1956 autobiography which, in turn, took its title from Holiday's songs. It was produced by Motown Productions for Paramount Pictures. Diana Ross portrayed Holiday, alongside a cast including Billy Dee Williams, Richard Pryor, James T. Callahan, and Scatman Crothers. The film was nominated for five Academy Awards in 1973, including Diana Ross for Best Actress in a Leading Role.
In New York City 1936, Eleanora Fagan aka Billie Holiday, is arrested on a drug charge.
In a flashback to 1928, Billie is working as a housekeeper in a brothel in Baltimore. When she returns to her aunt's house, she is home alone and is raped by a man who followed her home from the brothel. She runs away to her mother Sadie, who sets up a job cleaning for another brothel in the Harlem section of New York. The brothel is run by arrogant and selfish owner Lorraine, who pays Billie very little money. Eventually, Billie tires of scrubbing floors and becomes a prostitute, but later quits and returns to a nightclub to unsuccessfully audition to become a showgirl. After "Piano Man" accompanies Billie when she sings "All of Me", club owner Jerry books her as a singer in the show.
Billie's debut begins unsuccessfully until Louis McKay arrives and gives her a fifty dollar tip. Billie takes the money and sings "Them There Eyes". Billie takes a liking to Louis and begins a relationship with him. Eventually she is discovered by Harry and Reg Hanley, who sign her as a soloist for their southern tour in hopes of landing a radio network gig. During the tour, Billie witnesses the aftermath of the lynching of an African-American man, which presses her to record the controversial song "Strange Fruit". The harsh experiences on the tour result in Billie taking drugs, which Harry supplies after Billie collapses on stage. One night when Billie is performing, Louis comes to see Billie. In her dressing room, Louis notices her needle marks, knows that she is doing drugs, and tells her she is going home with him. Billie promises to stay off the drugs if Louis stays with her.
In New York, Reg and Louis arrange Billie's radio debut, but the station does not call her up to the stage to sing; the radio sponsors, a soap company, objected to her race. The group heads to Cafe Manhattan to drown their sorrows. Billie has too much to drink and asks Harry for drugs, saying that she does not want her family to know that the radio show upset her. He refuses and she throws her drink in his face. She is ready to leave, but Louis has arranged for her to sing at the Cafe, a club where she once aspired to sing. She obliges with one song but refuses an encore, leaving the club in urgent need of a fix. Louis, suspicious that Billie has broken her promise, takes her back to his home but refuses to allow her access to the bathroom or her kit. She fights Louis for it, pulling a razor on him. Louis leaves her to shoot up, telling her he does not want her there when he returns.
Billie returns to the Harlem nightclub, where her drug use intensifies until she hears of the death of Sadie. Billie checks herself into a drug clinic, but because she cannot afford her treatment the hospital secretly calls Louis, who comes to see her and agrees to pay her bills without her knowledge. Impressed with the initiative she has taken to straighten herself out, Louis proposes to her at the hospital. Just as things are looking up, Billie is arrested for possession of narcotics and removed from the clinic.
In prison, Billie goes through crippling withdrawal. Louis brings the doctor from the hospital to treat her, but she is incoherent. He puts a ring on her finger to remind her of his promise to marry her. When she finishes her prison sentence, Billie returns home and tells her friends that she does not want to sing anymore.
Billie marries Louis and pledges not to continue her career, but the lure of performing is too strong and she returns to singing with Louis as her manager. Unfortunately, her felony conviction has stripped her of her Cabaret Card, which would allow her to sing in NYC nightclubs. To restore public confidence and regain her license, Billie agrees to a cross-country tour. Billie's career takes off on the nightclub circuit.
Louis leaves for New York to arrange a comeback performance for Billie at Carnegie Hall. Despondent at Louis' absence and the never-ending stream of venues, Billie asks Piano Man to pawn the ring Louis gave her in exchange for drugs. While they are high that evening, Piano Man's drug connections arrive; he neither pawned the ring nor paid for the drugs. Piano Man is killed by the dealers. Within the hour, Louis and her promoter call Billie with news that they got Carnegie Hall. Louis returns to find a very fragile Billie who is traumatized and has fallen back into drugs. Louis takes her back to New York.
Billie plays to a packed house at Carnegie Hall. Her encore, "God Bless the Child", is overlaid with newspaper clippings highlighting subsequent events: the concert fails to sway the Commission to restore her license; subsequent appeals are denied; she is later re-arrested on drug charges and finally dies when she is 44. Nevertheless, the Carnegie triumph is frozen in time.
- Diana Ross as Billie Holiday
- Billy Dee Williams as Louis McKay
- Richard Pryor as Piano Man
- James Callahan as Reg Hanley
- Paul Hampton as Harry Hanley
- Sid Melton as Jerry, the club owner
- Virginia Capers as Sadie Fagan Holiday, Billie's mother
- Yvonne Fair as Yvonne
- Isabel Sanford as Madame
- Jester Hairston as Fefe
- Lynn Hamilton as Aunt Ida
- Victor Morosco as Vic
- Robert Gordy as The Hawk
- Harry Caesar as The Rapist
- Paulene Myers as Mrs. Edson
- Scatman Crothers as Big Ben
- Milton Selzer as The Doctor
The film earned an estimated $9,050,000 in North American rentals in 1973.
Vincent Canby of The New York Times described Ross as "an actress of exceptional beauty and wit, who is very much involved in trying to make a bad movie work ... her only apparent limitations are those imposed on her by a screenplay and direction seemingly designed to turn a legitimate legend into a whopper of a cliché." Variety wrote that "for the bulk of general audiences, the film serves as a very good screen debut vehicle for Diana Ross, supported strongly by excellent casting, handsome '30s physical values, and a script which is far better in dialog than structure." Roger Ebert gave the film three stars out of four, writing that Ross had given "one of the great performances of 1972" and observing that the film "has most of the clichés we expect—but do we really mind clichés in a movie like this? I don't think so." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune also awarded three out of four stars, writing, "The fact that 'Lady Sings the Blues' is a failure as a biography of legendary jazz singer Billie Holiday doesn't mean it can't be an entertaining movie. And it is just that—entertaining — because of an old fashioned grand dame performance by Diana Ross, late of the pop-rock scene, in the title role." Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Times wrote that Ross gave "one of the truly fine screen performances, full of power and pathos and enormously engaging and sympathetic." Pauline Kael of The New Yorker wrote that "when the movie was over I wrote 'I love it' on my pad of paper ... Factually it's a fraud, but emotionally it delivers. It has what makes movies work for a mass audience: easy pleasure, tawdry electricity, personality—great quantities of personality." Tom Milne of The Monthly Film Bulletin wrote that Ross did "a remarkable pastiche job on the tone and timbre of Billie Holiday's voice, [but] misses the elegant, almost literary wit of her phrasing," and found the presentation of Holiday's life story "offensively simplistic."
Home Video releases
In 1979, Paramount Home Video released Lady Sings the Blues on VHS. Due to its length (144 Minutes), it had to be placed on two VHS tapes. The first tape was about 90 minutes long and the second tape about 50 minutes long. In other instances, it was released on one tape.  In the years after that, it would continue to be released on VHS and its rival Betamax on two VHS tapes. In the mid 1980s, it would be released on one VHS with the innovations of the time. 
However, Paramount Home Video would take a step back in the early 1990's, releasing the movie on two VHS tapes yet again. This was a strange trend throughout the 1990's as many Paramount movies were re-released on two VHS tapes (such as Nashville; Ragtime; and even Samson and Delilah (1949), which is only 128 minutes long). With a reprint in the early 2000's, the movie left the VHS market.
Awards and honors
|Academy Awards||Best Actress||Diana Ross||Nominated|
|Best Original Screenplay||Chris Clark, Suzanne de Passe and Terence McCloy||Nominated|
|Best Art Direction-Set Decoration||Carl Anderson and Reg Allen||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Ray Aghayan, Norma Koch and Bob Mackie||Nominated|
|Best Score Adaptation and Original Song Score||Gil Askey||Nominated|
|British Academy Film Awards||Best Actress in a Leading Role||Diana Ross||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama||Nominated|
|Most Promising Newcomer – Female||Won|
|Best Original Score – Motion Picture||Michel Legrand||Nominated|
|NAACP Image Awards||Outstanding Motion Picture||Won|
|Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture||Billy Dee Williams||Won|
|Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture||Diana Ross||Won|
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
Motown released a hugely successful soundtrack double-album of Ross' recordings of Billie Holiday songs from the film, also titled Lady Sings the Blues. The album went to number one on the Billboard Top LP's & Tape chart, for the week-ending dates of April 7 and 14, 1973.
Cafe Manhattan in the film may refer to Café Society, where Holiday first sang "Strange Fruit".
- Lady Day at Emerson's Bar and Grill – A 1986 play and 2016 television movie, starring Audra McDonald.
- The United States vs. Billie Holiday – A 2021 biopic of Billie Holiday, starring Andra Day.
- List of American films of 1972
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- "Lady Sings the Blues, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- The AFI Catalog of Feature Films:Lady Sings the Blues
- "Lady Sings the Blues Blu-ray Release Date February 23, 2021".
- "Big Rental Films of 1973", Variety, 9 January 1974 p 19
- Canby, Vincent (October 19, 1972). "Screen: Billie Holiday". The New York Times: 56.
- "Lady Sings The Blues". Variety: 18. October 18, 1972.
- Ebert, Roger. "Lady Sings The Blues". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved November 22, 2018.
- Siskel, Gene (October 27, 1972). "A nice 'Lady,' but she's no Billie". Chicago Tribune. Section 2, p. 1.
- Champlin, Charles (October 25, 1972). "Two Ladies Who Sing the Blues". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 1.
- Kael, Pauline (November 4, 1972). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. p. 152.
- Milne, Tom (May 1973). "Lady Sings the Blues". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 40 (472): 99.
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- "Lady Sings the Blues (VHS, 1992, 2-Tape Set) for sale online".
- "The 45th Academy Awards (1972) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
- "NY Times: Lady Sings the Blues". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. 2010. Archived from the original on February 24, 2010. Retrieved December 28, 2008.
- "Festival de Cannes: Lady Sings the Blues". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved April 20, 2009.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- "Article at Sulekha.biz". Archived from the original on June 9, 2008.