Lady Washington on Commencement Bay
|Name:||Lady Washington (replica)|
|Operator:||Grays Harbor Historical Seaport Authority|
Ray Wallace, designer;Richard Miles, shipwright
|Launched:||March 7, 1989|
|Status:||Active as of 2018|
|Tonnage:||99 tons (gross)|
|Tons burthen:||178 tons|
|Beam:||22 ft (7 m)|
|Height:||89 ft (27 m) (Rig height)|
|Draft:||11 ft (3 m)|
|Complement:||12 (crew), 45 (passenger)|
|Armament:||Two three pounder; two swivels aft|
|Notes:||Douglas fir hull|
Lady Washington is a ship name shared by at least four different 80-100 ton-class Sloop-of-war and merchant sailing vessels during two different time periods. The original sailed during the American Revolutionary War and harassed British shipping. Post war, the vessel was used as a merchant trading vessel in the Pacific. A somewhat updated modern replica was created in 1989. The replica has appeared in numerous films and television shows, standing in as other real or fictional ships.
Lady Washington (18th century original)
The original Lady Washington, or more commonly, Washington, was a 90-ton brig. Her early history is documented in the Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War as well as other documents. As part of the Columbia Expedition, she left Boston Harbor on October 1, 1787. She sailed around Cape Horn and participated in the maritime fur trade with the coastal Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest and in tea and porcelain across the Pacific in China. She was the first American-flagged vessel to round Cape Horn. She was the first recorded vessel to make landfall on the Oregon coast near Tillamook, Oregon. John Meares claimed that she was the first non-native vessel to circumnavigate Vancouver Island.
Named in honor of Martha Washington, she was captained during the American Revolutionary War by Naler Hatch, and post war by Robert Gray, and John Kendrick, former captain of her larger sailing partner, Columbia Rediviva and commander of the expedition. At the end of the first trading season, Kendrick ordered Gray to sail Columbia to China, while Kendrick took command of Lady Washington . Under the command of Kendrick, she was refitted in Macau as a brigantine.
Lady Washington became the first American vessel to reach Japan in an unsuccessful attempt to move some unsold pelts. Lady Washington remained in the Pacific trade and eventually foundered in the Philippines in 1797. She was lost at the mouth of the Mestizo River, near Vigan, northwest Luzon in July 1797.
Lady Washington (20th-century replica)
A ship replica of Lady Washington was built in Aberdeen, Washington, United States in time for the 1989 Washington State Centennial celebrations. Aberdeen is located on Grays Harbor, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean named for Robert Gray, the man who entered the harbor under sail for the first time as master of Columbia.
Named "Washington State's Tall Ship Ambassador", as well as the State Ship, the new Lady Washington is operated by a professional and volunteer crew under the auspices of the Grays Harbor Historical Seaport Authority. She sails up and down the Pacific coast, regularly in pair with Hawaiian Chieftain, educating students in the history of merchant trading, life of common sailors, and responsibilities of the ship's officers.
The current replica's mainmast is rigged with a topgallant sail and topsail above a gaff mainsail, as based on the post-Macau refit configuration. Old World (UK/international) terminology refers to this sail plan as brigantine, and New World (American) terminology refers to this as a brig. (Refer to the explanation sections on the brig, brigantine, and sail plan pages for more information.)
Film and television appearances
Lady Washington has appeared in various films, portraying HMS Interceptor in the film Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl and the brig Enterprise, a namesake of the Starship Enterprise, on the holodeck in Star Trek Generations. She provided the basis for the RLS Legacy in the Disney animated feature Treasure Planet. She also transported Chinese immigrants to America in the IMAX film The Great American West. On television, the ship played a prominent role in the miniseries Blackbeard, and has appeared in the music video for rapper Macklemore's Can't Hold Us and as Captain Hook's ship the Jolly Roger on Once Upon a Time.
- FINAL BILL REPORT HB 1084 (PDF), Washington State Legislature, July 22, 2007, retrieved 2013-04-06
- Barkstrom, Karen (8 November 2012). "World Gone By 11/8". The Daily World. Aberdeen. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015.
- Lady Washington timeline, Grays Harbor Historical Seaport Authority, August 16, 2018, archived from the original on 2018-08-25 – via Webcitation.org
- Massachusetts soldiers and sailors of the Revolutionary War: A compilation from the archives, prepared and published by the Secretary of the Commonwealth in accordance with chapter 100, resolves of 1891. Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War: A Compilation from the Archives. Wright and Potter Printing Co., State Printers. 1900. p. 498.
- Alexa Chipman, Lady Washington: Age of Exploration Merchant Vessel, retrieved 2010-06-20
- Tom Bennett, Shipwrecks of the Philippines (ebook)
- "Lady Washington". historicalseaport.org. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- State Symbols, Washington State Legislature, retrieved 2010-06-20
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lady Washington (ship, 1989).|
- Grays Harbor Historical Seaport Authority, Lady Washington's operating organization
- Maritime Heritage Network, an online directory of maritime history resources in the Pacific Northwest