Lafayette County, Missouri
Lafayette County Courthouse in Lexington
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
|Founded||November 16, 1820|
|Named for||Marquis de La Fayette|
|• Total||639 sq mi (1,660 km2)|
|• Land||628 sq mi (1,630 km2)|
|• Water||11 sq mi (30 km2) 1.6%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||52/sq mi (20/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Lafayette County is a county located in the western portion of the U.S. state of Missouri and is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 33,381. Its county seat is Lexington. The county was organized November 16, 1820 from Cooper County and originally named Lillard County for James Lillard of Tennessee, who served in the first state constitutional convention and first state legislature. It was renamed Lafayette County on February 16, 1825, in honor of Revolutionary War hero the Marquis de La Fayette, who was then visiting the United States.
Lafayette County was settled primarily from migrants from the Upper Southern states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions and started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco.
Peter Youree (1843-1914) was born here to merchant P. E. Youree and the former M. M. Zimmerman. As a young man, he enlisted in the Confederate forces from here, gaining the rank of captain during the American Civil War. Afterward, he settled in Shreveport, Louisiana, where he married, became a successful merchant and banker, and served on the Caddo Parish Police Jury.
As a result of the migration from the South, this part of Missouri, and neighboring counties, became known as Little Dixie. In 1860 slaves made up 25 percent or more of the county's population, and the county was strongly pro-Confederate during the American Civil War.
But immigrants from Germany, as well as German Americans from St. Louis, began arriving shortly before the war, with many more to come afterwards. Many of the Germans were sympathetic to the Union and opposed slavery. They eventually made up a large part of the populations of Concordia, Emma, Wellington, Napoleon, Higginsville, Mayview, and Lexington.
After the war, there were racial tensions as whites worked to dominate the freedmen. Following Reconstruction, whites lynched two blacks in the decades around the turn of the century.
In November 2013, Leland Ray Kolkmeyer pleaded guilty, in federal court, of a fraud scheme in which he embezzled more than $1.5 million from Wellington-Napoleon Fire Protection District and Special Road District while serving as their treasurer.
- Ray County (northwest)
- Carroll County (northeast)
- Saline County (east)
- Johnson County (south)
- Jackson County (west)
- Pettis County (southeast)
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 32,960 people, 12,569 households, and 9,099 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km2). There were 13,707 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.52% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Approximately 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.3% were of German, 17.5% American, 9.9% English and 9.7% Irish ancestry.
There were 12,569 households, out of which 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.30% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $38,235, and the median income for a family was $45,717. Males had a median income of $31,972 versus $22,684 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,493. About 6.90% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.90% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those ages 65 or over.
- Concordia R-II School District – Concordia
- Concordia Elementary School (PK-06)
- Concordia High School (07-12)
- Lafayette County C-1 School District – Higginsville
- Grandview Elementary School (PK-05)
- Lafayette County Middle School (06-08)
- Lafayette County High School (09-12)
- Lexington R-V School District – Lexington
- Leslie Bell Elementary School (PK-04)
- Lexington Middle School (05-08)
- Lexington High School (09-12)
- Odessa R-VII School District – Odessa
- McQuerry Elementary School (K-02)
- Odessa Upper Elementary School (03-05)
- Odessa Middle School (06-08)
- Odessa High School (09-12)
- Santa Fe R-X School District – Alma
- Santa Fe Elementary School (K-06)
- Santa Fe High School (07-12)
- Wellington-Napoleon R-IX School District Archived 2014-10-26 at the Wayback Machine – Wellington
- Wellington-Napoleon Elementary School (PK-06)
- Wellington-Napoleon High School (07-12)
- Trinity Lutheran School – Alma (K-09) – Lutheran
- Holy Cross Lutheran School – Emma (PK-08) – Lutheran
- Immanuel Lutheran School Archived 2019-06-14 at the Wayback Machine – Higginsville (K-09) – Lutheran
- Victory Christian Fellowship School Archived 2020-02-23 at the Wayback Machine – Waverly (K-12) – Nondenominational Christian
- St. Paul Lutheran High School – Concordia (09-12) – Lutheran
- St. Paul's Lutheran School – Concordia (K-8) – Lutheran
The Republican Party mostly controls politics at the local level in Lafayette County. Republicans hold a little more than half of the elected positions in the county.
|Lafayette County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Deana Aversman||Republican|
|County Clerk||Linda Niendick||Republican|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Kristen Ellis||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Barb Copenhaver||Republican|
|2016||57.85% 9,167||38.47% 6,097||3.68% 583|
|2012||47.91% 7,537||49.31% 7,758||2.78% 438|
|2008||42.70% 7,022||55.09% 9,060||2.21% 364|
|2004||52.97% 8,541||45.59% 7,351||1.43% 231|
|2000||50.32% 7,276||47.94% 6,932||1.74% 251|
|1996||34.00% 4,450||63.05% 8,252||2.94% 385|
Lafayette County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are held by Republicans.
|Democratic||ElGene Ver Dught||4,864||31.65%||-2.80|
|Democratic||ElGene Ver Dught||5,305||34.45%|
|Democratic||Emanuel Cleaver II||5,744||36.50%||+3.58|
|Democratic||Emanuel Cleaver II||3,153||32.92%||-6.74|
|Democratic||Emanuel Cleaver II||6,202||39.66%|
Cities and towns
- List of counties in Missouri
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Lafayette County, Missouri
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Disappearing Missouri Names". The Kansas City Star. March 19, 1911. p. 15. Retrieved August 15, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 183.
- T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: The Last Rebel of the Civil War, New York: Vintage Books, 2003, pp. 10-11
- "Public servant steals $1.5 million from two tiny towns in Missouri"; The Kansas City Star; 22 November 2013
- "Treasurer admits to embezzling over $1 million from small towns’ funds:; Fox4KC; November 22, 2013.]
- Treasurer for road district and fire district pleads guilty to embezzling $1.5 million; justice.gov; November 20, 2013.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 18, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Robertson Memorial Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Trails Regional Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
- Lafayette County Website
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Lafayette County Archived 2011-08-16 at the Wayback Machine from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books