Lafayette Theatre (Harlem)
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Opening of Macbeth (April 14, 1936)
|Address||2225 Seventh Avenue|
New York City, New York
|Architect||Victor Hugo Koehler|
The Lafayette Theatre, known locally as "the House Beautiful", was one the most famous theaters in Harlem. It was an entertainment venue located at 132nd Street and 7th Avenue in Harlem, New York that operated from 1912 to 1951. The structure was demolished in 2013.
The Lafayette Theatre was a 1,500-seat two-story theater was built by banker Meyer Jarmulowsky. Located at 132nd Street and 7th Avenue, it was designed in the Renaissance style by architect Victor Hugo Koehler, who also designed the two three-story buildings flanking the theater on the corners of 131st and 132nd Streets. The Lafayette Theatre opened on November, 1912.
In 1913 the Lafayette became the first major theater to desegregate. African-American theatergoers were allowed to sit in orchestra seats instead of the balcony, to which they were relegated in other New York theaters. The Lafayette Players, the resident stock company, played before almost exclusively African-American audiences both in plays from white theater repertory and in the classics. The theater presented such Broadway hits as Madame X and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. From 1916–1919, the theatre was managed by Quality Amusement. Robert Levy, the owner of this entertainment company, drew large audiences of both blacks and whites with his sophisticated productions and groundbreaking work with black actors.
In 1923, Duke Ellington made his New York debut while performing in Wilbur Sweatman's band at the Lafayette, and later performed with his own group at the venue. This was all due to producer/director Leonard Harper who Ellington lived with as a boarder in his larger Harlem apartment at the time. Ellington and his orchestra also appeared at the Lafayette in October 1927 with the singer Adelaide Hall in the show Jazz Mania.  It was in this show that the song Creole Love Call was a first introduced to the public. Other jazz musicians who performed at the Lafayette include Fletcher Henderson, Bennie Moten, Chick Webb, and Zutty Singleton. Harlem Renaissance playwright Eulalie Spence's play On Being Forty premiered at the Lafayette Theatre on October 15th, 1924. Although the play was never published, the Lafayette performance was reviewed by George S. Schuyler, providing all that is presently known about the play, as no extant copies have been found. Schuyler would later become known as "the most prominent African American journalist and essayist of the early twentieth century."
The Lafayette Theatre reached the height of its fame with the Voodoo Macbeth, a production of Shakespeare's Macbeth, adapted and staged by Orson Welles that ran April 14–June 20, 1936. This show had an all African-American cast. It was a production of the Federal Theatre Project which was part of the Works Project Administration. The overture was by James P. Johnson and such notable actors as Canada Lee and Rose McClendon were part of the program. The production was universally known in advance as the "Voodoo Macbeth" because the setting was changed from Scotland to a fictional Caribbean island based on Haiti, and acquired its nickname due to its use of voodoo imagery in place of the witchcraft in the original play.
- Bordman, Gerald; Hischak, Thomas S. (2006). The Oxford Companion to American Theatre. Oxford University Press. p. 372. ISBN 9780195169867.
- "Lafayette Theatre. 2227 Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard, New York, NY 10027." www.cinematreasures.org. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
- Gray, Christopher (November 11, 1990). "Streetscapes: Harlem's Lafayette Theater; Jackhammering the Past". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
- Ron Wynn, ed. (1994), "Venues", All Music Guide to Jazz, M. Erlewine, V. Bogdanov, San Francisco: Miller Freeman, p. 718, ISBN 0-87930-308-5
- Jazz Mania, October 1927, Lafayette Theater, Harlem:http://www.ellingtonweb.ca/Hostedpages/TDWAW/DropdownmenuDRAFT.html#aug27
- * Iain Cameron Williams. Underneath a Harlem Moon: The Harlem to Paris Years of Adelaide Hall. Bloomsbury Publishers, ISBN 0-8264-5893-9
- Miller, Henry D. Theorizing Black Theatre: Art Versus Protest in Critical Writings, 1898-1965. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. ISBN 0786460148. Google Books. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- Dunlap, David W. (March 10, 2013). "Icon of Harlem's Gay Night Life Gives Way to Wreckers". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
- Wilson, Reid (October 14, 2014). "YIMBY Today: NYU Building Complex at LICH, Bushwick Acquisitions, More". New York YIMBY. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
- Cullen, Frank; with Hackman, Florence; and McNeilly, Donald. "Lafayette Theatre in Harlem", Vaudeville Old & New: An Encyclopedia of Variety Performers in America (New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2007):643
- Dunlap, David W. "Williams Institutional C. M. E. Church", From Abyssinian to Zion (New York: Columbia University Press, 2004):294}}
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lafayette Theatre.|
- Lafayette Theatre at the Internet Broadway Database
- Google Street View: the church in 2011
- New York City Department of Records (Municipal Archives) "2225-27 Adam C Powell Blvd" (photo from 1983-1988, showing theater facade)
- Movie Theaters Designed by Victor Hugo Koehler.