Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop
Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop
|Location||941 Bourbon St., New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Architectural style||French Colonial|
|Part of||Vieux Carre Historic District (#66000377)|
|NRHP Reference #||70000255|
|Added to NRHP||April 15, 1970|
|Designated NHL||April 15, 1970|
|Designated NHLDCP||December 21, 1965|
Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop is a historic building at corner of Bourbon Street and St. Philip Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana. Constructed in the French/Spanish colony during the 18th century, it is one of the older surviving structures in New Orleans and has been called the oldest structure in the U.S. housing a bar.
According to legend, the privateer Jean Lafitte (c.1780–c.1823), aka John Lafitte, owned a business here early in the 19th century. As with many things involving the Lafittes, such as possibly using this place to plot illegal seizures and the sale of contraband, no documentation exists. (It was only after the Lafitte brothers were long gone that Jean's signature was found on a document, finally ascertaining how their family name was spelled: LAFFITE.)
It is purported to be one of the more haunted venues in the French Quarter. The name Blacksmith Shop may not be coincidental. Lafitte's associates may have operated a smithy here during the days of reliance upon horses, who had to be shod. Jean's older brother Pierre Lafitte was a blacksmith, and their associate Renato Beluche may have once owned this building.
The current business traces its roots to Roger 'Tom' Caplinger, who in the mid-1940s turned the old abandoned shop into Café Lafitte. The cafe became a popular night spot that attracted a bohemian clientele, including the gay community and celebrities like Noël Coward and Tennessee Williams. However, Caplinger never held clear title to the property and the building was sold in 1953. He soon opened a second cafe at the other end of the same block named Café Lafitte in Exile, which maintains that it is the oldest gay bar in the U.S.
Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop is featured in the historical novel Anthony Adverse by Hervey Allen. As depicted in the novel, the blacksmith shop was mainly a cover for maintaining a gang of exceptionally tall and strong black slaves - who were ostensibly engaged in shoeing horses and in fact were used by the Lafitte brothers for intimidation, extortion and various other criminal activities in and around New Orleans.
- Creole cottage, the architectural style
- Gabriel Peyroux House, a building similar to the former blacksmith shop
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Orleans Parish, Louisiana
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop.|
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-30.
- "12 Oldest Places in America". 12 oldest places in America. Fox News. Retrieved 2015-03-21.
- Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop Bar Official website, citing 1722–32 construction and possible ownership by Renato Beluche; accessed 21 March 2015.
- John Kelly, 1950's: Tom Caplinger at Cafe Lafitte in French Quarter, The Times-Picayune, March 27, 2011, accessed March 10, 2015.
- Charles W. Snell (May 10, 1968). "National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings: Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying 3 photos, exterior, from 1968. (168 KiB)