Lafofa languages

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Region Nuba Hills, Sudan
Ethnicity Lafofa
Native speakers
(5,100 cited 1984)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 laf
Glottolog lafo1243[2]

Lafofa, also Tegem, is a Niger–Congo dialect cluster spoken in the southern Nuba Mountains in the south of Sudan. Blench (2010) considers the Tegem and Amira varieties to be distinct languages; as Lafofa is poorly attested, there may be others.

Long considered one of the Talodi languages, albeit a divergent one, Blench posits that the Lafofa languages should be considered a distinct branch of Niger–Congo pending further research. They share cognates with divergent Niger–Congo languages such as Ijo that are not found elsewhere in the Kordofanian languages.


  1. ^ Lafofa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Lafofa". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  • Roger Blench, 2011 (ms), "Does Kordofanian constitute a group and if not, where does its languages fit into Niger-Congo?"[1]
  • Roger Blench, 2011 (ms), "Tegem–Amira: a previously unrecognised subgroup of Niger–Congo"[2]