Lage Raho Munna Bhai
|Lage Raho Munna Bhai|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Rajkumar Hirani|
|Produced by||Vidhu Vinod Chopra|
|Screenplay by||Rajkumar Hirani
|Story by||Rajkumar Hirani
Vidhu Vinod Chopra
|Music by||Shantanu Moitra|
|Cinematography||C. K. Muraleedharan|
|Edited by||Rajkumar Hirani|
|Distributed by||Vinod Chopra Productions|
|Budget||₹120 million (US$1.8 million)|
|Box office||₹1.19 billion (US$18 million)|
Lage Raho Munna Bhai (pronounced [ləˈɡeː rəˈɦoː mʊnnaːˈbʱaːi] ( listen) meaning "Carry On, Munna Bhai") is a 2006 Indian comedy film directed by Rajkumar Hirani and produced by Vidhu Vinod Chopra. It is the follow-up to the 2003 film Munna Bhai M.B.B.S. with Sanjay Dutt reprising his role as Munna Bhai, a Mumbai (Bombay) underworld don. In Lage Raho Munna Bhai, the eponymous lead character starts to see the spirit of Mahatma Gandhi. Through his interactions with Gandhi, he begins to practice what he refers to as Gandhigiri (a neologism for Gandhism) to help ordinary people solve their problems.
The film was well received by critics and had a number of prominent screenings. It was a box office success and received a "blockbuster" rating by the website Box Office India after grossing over ₹1.19 billion (US$18 million) worldwide. It was the recipient of a number of awards, including four National Film Awards. Lage Raho Munna Bhai was the first Hindi film to be shown at the United Nations, and was screened at the Tous Les Cinema du Monde section of the 2007 Cannes Film Festival. The film popularised the term Gandhigiri. Vidhu Vinod Chopra submitted the film as an independent entry for the 2007 Academy Award for Best Foreign Film.
- 1 Plot
- 2 Cast
- 3 Production
- 4 Themes and impact
- 5 Release
- 6 Reception
- 7 Soundtrack
- 8 Proposed sequel
- 9 See also
- 10 Further reading
- 11 Notes
- 12 External links
Murli Prasad Sharma alias Munna Bhai (Sanjay Dutt), a gangster who is in love with the voice of Janhavi (Vidya Balan), a radio jockey, devises a plan to meet her when she announces a quiz contest featuring the life and beliefs of Mahatma Gandhi, to be aired on 2 October, the birthday of Gandhi. To prepare for the contest, Munna's sidekick Circuit (Arshad Warsi) kidnaps and bribes a group of professors to provide the answers for Munna. After winning the contest, Munna is granted an interview with Janhavi wherein he presents himself as a professor of history and a Gandhi specialist. Janhavi subsequently asks Munna to present a lecture on Gandhi to a community of senior citizens who live in her home, called the 'Second Innings House.' To prepare for this event, Munna engages in intense study at a Gandhi institute. For three days and nights (and without food or sleep), Munna reads about the life and ideologies of Gandhi.
It is during this period that the image of Gandhi (Dilip Prabhavalkar), addressed by his nickname "Bapu" ("father"), appears and offers help and advice to Munna. Gandhi encourages Munna to tell the truth about himself to Janhavi, but Munna resists this advice. With Gandhi's help, Munna succeeds in impressing Jahnavi and cultivates a new lifestyle based upon Gandhism. Munna starts to co-host a radio-show with Janhavi and Gandhi's image, guiding his audience to use Gandhigiri to solve everyday problems.
The film has several subplots. One of the most prominent of these details the story of Lucky Singh (Boman Irani) and his daughter Simran (Dia Mirza). Lucky is an unscrupulous businessman who employs Circuit and Munna Bhai to conduct underworld activities for him. His daughter, Simran, is engaged to marry Sunny (Abhishek Bachchan), the son of the powerful businessman Kkhurana (Kulbhushan Kharbanda). Kkhurana is superstitious and his activities are controlled by his astrologer, Batuk Maharaj (Saurabh Shukla), whose particular use of numerology led Kkhurana to add an extra "K" to his real name (Khurana) as well as to the conclusion that the 'Second Innings House' would be the most auspicious place for Sunny and Simran to live. Maharaj also convinces Kkhurana to reject the marriage between Simran and Sunny when it is revealed that Simran is considered to be a manglik (an individual whose Vedic astrological makeup is believed by some to be devastating for marriage, mostly leading to the death of the spouse after a certain calculated period of marriage). Lucky appropriates the 'Second Innings House' by sending Munna to Goa (keeping him out of the way) and then blackmailing him to let the matter pass or risk losing his love Janvi. In response, Munna launches a "non-violent" protest to reclaim the house. He calls this protest "Get Well Soon, Lucky" and asks his radio show's audience to send Lucky flowers (red roses especially) to help him recover from the "disease of dishonesty".
During this time Munna tells Janhavi the truth (via a letter he gives to her). Heartbroken, Janhavi leaves Munna. Munna receives another setback when he is tricked by Lucky into revealing his conversations with Gandhi before a public audience. At this conference, Munna finds that only after he has learned something about "Bapu"'s life can the Gandhi image talk about it, which serves as proof for a psychiatrist in the audience that Munna is delusional. Gandhi's monologue at the end of the film, however, questions this conclusion. Munna, despite these defeats, continues to use Gandhigiri, a decision that transforms Lucky, revives Janhavi's affection, and resolves Simran's marriage. Lucky Singh eventually becomes a student of Gandhigiri and is greeted by Gandhi's image not long after he has begun to study "Bapu"'s life. Immediately he calls for a photograph to be taken of them together; this perplexes the photographer, who cannot see the Gandhi image.
- Sanjay Dutt as Murli Prasad Sharma or "Munna Bhai"
- Arshad Warsi as Circuit , Munna's sidekick
- Vidya Balan as Jhanvi, radio-jockey and Munna's love-interest
- Boman Irani as Lucky Singh
- Dilip Prabhavalkar as the image of Mahatma Gandhi
- Dia Mirza as Simran, Lucky's daughter, engaged to Sunny
- Jimmy Shergill as Victor D'Souza, who having lost his father's money, needs Munna's advice
- Kulbhushan Kharbanda as Kkhurana, a wealthy but superstitious businessman
- Saurabh Shukla as Batuk Maharaj, Kkhurana's astrologer
- Abhishek Bachchan as Sunny, Kkhurana's son, engaged to Simran
- Rohitash Gaud as Cuckoo (Lucky's Sidekick)
- Parikshat Sahni as Victor's father
- Ashwin Mushran as Hari Desai
- Hemu Adhikari as the Retired teacher
- Priya Bapat as the girl who calls Murli
- Ninad Kamat as the Lawyer
- Kurush Deboo as Dhansukh Bhai Patel, Gujarati Lawyer
- Arun Bali as a Second Innings Resident
- Achyut Potdar as a Second Innings Resident
The Munna Bhai series began after Vidhu Vinod Chopra agreed to produce Rajkumar Hirani's 2003 film Munna Bhai M.B.B.S. when no one else would (Hirani had worked as an editor on Chopra's 2000 film Mission Kashmir). They also collaborated on the script. Munna Bhai M.B.B.S. was a runaway success that prompted the duo to contemplate a sequel. The sequel was initially known as Munnabhai Meets Mahatma Gandhi and was later titled Munnabhai 2nd Innings before being given its current name.
Hirani admitted in an interview that he felt the burden of expectation while writing the screenplay for Lage Raho Munna Bhai, as he had to create "something to match" the first film. Initially there was some effort to incorporate scenes or characteristics of the first film into the sequel (such as the idiosyncratic laugh of Dr. Asthana, portrayed by Boman Irani in the first installment), but the risks of repetition were consciously averted.
One of Hirani's goals in making the film was to revive an interest in Mahatma Gandhi, a figure whom he felt had been forgotten in contemporary India. To highlight this fact, Hirani recounted (during an interview) an incident with a chai-wallah boy (who brings tea to the crew) during production:
- The boy was curious, he was a big Munnabhai fan and kept asking the name of the film. The first working title was 'Munnabhai Meets Mahatma Gandhi,' and Shantanu (Moitra, the music director) told him. So he said, 'Munnabhai to theek hai, yeh Mahatma Gandhi kaun hai?' ('Munnabhai is fine, but who is this Mahatma Gandhi?') So this is the sad state of affairs today. I was shocked. And it's not just the chai-wallah. A few days ago on TV a lot of politicians were asked India-related questions on the news channels, and I can't believe a lot of them don't know 2 October is Gandhiji's birthday! Many didn't know his first name. They kept saying, 'what's in a name, we respect his ideals,' but come on! How can you not know his name?
The other screenwriter, Abhijat Joshi (who teaches in the department of English at Otterbein College in Westerville, Ohio), stated that he had been conducting extensive research on Gandhi, which inspired producer Chopra to involve Joshi in the creation of the second Munna Bhai screenplay.
While writing the screenplay, Hirani and Joshi stayed together for more than four months. They developed scenes by going out for a walk and discussing the scene. They would not return home until they had created a scene that would make them laugh, or cry, or had some provocative thought. While there was a shortage of resources during the shooting of Munna Bhai M.B.B.S., the crew did not encounter a financial crisis during the filming of Lage Raho Munna Bhai, as the team managed to receive whatever was deemed necessary (including a Jimmy Jib, a specific kind of camera crane, just for a single crane shot). The film was shot on location in and around Mumbai, with Goa as a backdrop for the "Aane Charaane" song.
Only two characters—those of Munna Bhai (portrayed by Sanjay Dutt) and Circuit (portrayed by Arshad Warsi)—were retained from Munna Bhai M.B.B.S. Several actors from Munna Bhai M.B.B.S., appeared in Lage Raho Munna Bhai as different characters. Vidya Balan was chosen to play the leading lady as her voice was thought to be appropriate for that of a radio jockey.
The actors used several techniques to develop their characters. Arshad Warsi ("Circuit") encountered some initial problems reviving his character from the first film. On the first day of the shoot when Arshad, "said his first line, he didn't sound like Circuit at all. He sounded like Arshad Warsi speaking with an accent." Warsi admits that he had "forgotten" the character of Circuit and had to watch the DVD of Munna Bhai M.B.B.S. three times before being able to film the scene correctly. Sanjay Dutt ("Munna Bhai") also confessed that he had to watch the first film eight to nine times to recapture the "persona" of Munna Bhai. In addition, Dutt stated in an interview that he did not read Gandhi's autobiography My Experiments with Truth as a preparation for Lage Raho Munna Bhai. Rather, he comments, his father, Sunil Dutt (who portrays Munna Bhai's father in the first film, Munna Bhai M.B.B.S.) and his mother (the late actress Nargis) were his role models as they "were basically Gandhians. We were brought up with those values."
Dilip Prabhavalkar, who portrays Gandhi, read Gandhi's works "once again" to prepare for his role. Boman Irani prepared for the role of Lucky Singh by spending time with Sardarjis (male Sikhs) in auto spare parts shops to research his role. Vidya Balan ("Jahnavi") met with a couple of radio jockeys and watched them at work.
Themes and impact
Influences and allusions
Each film in the Munna Bhai series features Munna and Circuit in a story that is comprehensive unto itself and is not continued or referred to in another in the series. Director Hirani has compared this format to the films of Charlie Chaplin and Laurel and Hardy, as well as to the James Bond series. Others have also likened the series to the work of Laurel and Hardy. Some, however, have negated this comparison, stating that the series is more akin to the Road to... "buddy films" of Bob Hope and Bing Crosby. Hirani stated that his work was deeply inspired by the films of Hrishikesh Mukherjee.
The interaction between the central characters of Mahatma Gandhi and Munna Bhai highlights concepts and ideas that draw upon the period of Colonial India and the Indian independence movement. Gandhi was a leader in this movement, challenging the British Empire's presence in India through the use of Satyagraha (non-violence). In the film, Jahnavi and Munna Bhai's non-violent protest against Lucky Singh serves as a metaphor for the Indian independence movement and the battle against the British Raj.
The thematic attention to Gandhi's theories in Lage Raho Munna Bhai revived an interest in Gandhism in India under the new term Gandhigiri and "made Gandhi suddenly hip" with Indians "staging nonviolent protests, starting Web sites, handing out roses to enemies and putting on peaked white caps from the Gandhi era." Arunabha Ghosh, in December 2006, noted in The Economic and Political Weekly that, "Gandhi, the man, was once the message. In the India of the post-liberalisation brand, gandhigiri is the message." Amelia Gentleman of The International Herald Tribune/New York Times stated in September 2006 that:
- "The real excitement was a Bollywood film [...] which [became] the unexpected box-office hit of the year [...] With its big Bollywood soundtrack and dance routines, the movie brings Gandhi firmly into the mainstream and theaters have been packed for the past three weeks. The Congress Party recommended that all party members see the film. The Delhi authorities declared that tickets to the film would be sold tax free because of its assiduous promotion of Gandhian values."
Mark Sappenfield of The Christian Science Monitor argued in 2006 that the film was appealing because, "Gandhi gets his hands dirty. He appears as an apparition only visible to the wayward gangster, counselling him on how to help others deal with everyday problems." Swati Gauri Sharma suggested in The Boston Globe that what the United States "needs is a film that encourages people to take up Gandhigiri, Kinggiri, or Kennedygiri. If it worked for Bollywood, it could work for Hollywood."
After the release of the film, Gandhigiri-style protests began to take place in India. In 2006, farmers staged a protest with flowers in the Vidarbha region, and people who organised a protest in Lucknow claimed to have been inspired by Lage Raho Munna Bhai to use roses to convey their message. In Lucknow, students claimed to have been inspired by Lage Raho Munna Bhai to do volunteer work, planting trees "to conserve nature which is bound to benefit public health." Mafia don Babloo Srivastava claimed to have been inspired by Lago Raho Munna Bhai to distribute roses as a "message of love and peace". In 2008, Indian Greenpeace activists delivered thousands of roses to Ratan Tata, chairman of Tata Motors, to reconsider his plans of building a port at the nesting grounds of Olive Ridley sea turtles. The "Send Pramod Muthalik a Valentine’s Day card" campaign in 2009 was inspired by the film.
In the United States during July 2007, Aman Kapoor, founder of the Immigration Voice forum, initiated a Gandhigiri protest inspired by Lage Raho Munna Bhai. Over a three-day period, hundreds of flower bouquets were sent to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) office by Indians who were legally in the U.S. but caught in a green card backlog. On 17 July, the USCIS reversed the decision that led to the protest.
Lage Raho Munna Bhai revived an interest in books about Gandhi. In particular, demand for Gandhi's autobiography My Experiments with Truth increased after the film debuted, including requests from prison inmates. In addition, due to its influence, the film was made tax-free in Mumbai.
Screened on 10 November 2006 in the United Nations auditorium, Lage Raho Munna Bhai was the first Hindi film to be shown at the UN. The film was introduced by Shashi Tharoor, UN Under-Secretary General for Communications and Public Information. Taran Adarsh of Bollywood Hungama observed that, "there was thunderous clapping at the high points of the film, like the pensioner shedding his clothes. The applause at the end of the screening was unending. A vibrant question and answer session followed with director Rajkumar Hirani, writer Abhijat Joshi and actor Boman Irani, who flew to the U.S. for the screening." The Indo-Asian News Service (IANS) noted that, "an evening that had started with massive security arrangements in the sombre UN setting, concluded in a festive atmosphere in the lounge of the UN with diplomats from other tables joining in raising a toast for the film." The United Nations General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that 2 October, the day of Gandhi's birth (Gandhi Jayanti), was to be "the International Day of Non-Violence."
The Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh, was given a private screening of Lage Raho Munna Bhai. After viewing the film, he stated that it "captures Bapu's message about the power of truth and humanism." In a speech during his visit to South Africa, Singh said, "I was heartened to see recently that back home in India the most popular movie this festival season is a film about a young man's discovery of the universal and timeless relevance of the Mahatma's message." Singh announced the creation of a new Public Services Bill to combat corruption in a press release dated 17 November 2006, and cited Lage Raho Munna Bhai as one of its influences.
Lage Raho Munna Bhai was further screened at a global judiciary summit in Lucknow in December 2006. After viewing the film, Justice Kenneth Mithyane from South Africa commented, "The movie has re-enlivened the non-violence philosophy practiced by Mahatma Gandhi who continues to remain close to the hearts of the South Africans." Fatima Chouhan, a young member of the South African parliament, noted that, "'Munnabhai' will be widely appreciated in South Africa. I'm carrying a couple of video discs for my family and friends."
It was part of the Tous Les Cinema du Monde section of the 2007 Cannes Film Festival. TLage Raho Munna Bhai was well received as the audience had lined "up in long queues to catch the film that had been strongly recommended in festival reviews [...] not one person who entered the screening left before the end of the two-hours-thirty-minutes film." In addition, "the screening of the movie at the festival saw people sitting on the aisles as the theatre was completely packed [...] there was also a big group of French students that clapped till the credits were finished."
Several universities held screenings. It was shown on 27 October 2006 at the University of Southern California School of Cinematic Arts. The screening was followed by a question and answer session with Vidhu Vinod Chopra, Rajkumar Hirani, and Abhijat Joshi. Filmmaker Gurinder Chadha attended and spoke at the conclusion of the question-and-answer session. The film was screened at Old Dominion University on 20 March 2007 (as a part of Old Dominion University and City of Norfolk ONFilm Festival), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lecture Series Committee on 23 March & 24 March 2007, and Harvard Law School on 3 April 2007 (as part of a series on nonviolence).
Home media and screenplay
The British DVD of Lage Raho Munna Bhai contains a bonus DVD which has a 98-minute five-part documentary on the making of the film, interviews with members of the cast and crew, and information on the creation of the song and dance numbers. It also has a special feature called "Munna meets Bapu."
Lage Raho Munnabhai — The Original Screenplay was released in December 2009. Published by Om Books International in association with Vinod Chopra Films, it was launched at an event with the original cast and crew. The text includes an introductory note by Abhijat Joshi which details the drafting of the screenplay. It also includes a number of stills from the film as well as character profiles.
Lage Raho Munna Bhai was an acclaimed film. Subhash K. Jha said that "Munna and Circuit, arguably cinema's most adorable and roguish reformists since Laurel and Hardy go about the business of generating humour out of the pathos of the human condition. The sequences, all fiercely and famously path-breaking have us in splits [...] Watch the love-lorn Munnabhai answer a Gandhian quiz on a phone-in radio quiz with the help of kidnapped professors' it's one of the most comically animated sequences seen in the movies of the new millennium." Taran Adarsh of Bollywood Hungama gave the film four out five stars, calling it "a sparkling example of qualitative cinema" arguing that it "not only entertains, it also enlightens." Nikhat Kazmi of The Times of India observes that "Vidhu Vinod Chopra gives the great Indian family one more let's-go-goodwill-hunting entertainer, even as director Raju Hirani proves that sequels needn't have the been there-done that feel..." Rajeev Masand of CNN-IBN gave it four out of five stars and states: "Like those good old-fashioned Hrishikesh Mukherjee films, it also reinforces the importance of human goodness and basic niceties. Even if you might argue that some of Gandhi's principles seem outdated today, you cannot help but cheer for Munna and his gang as they achieve the impossible with love and kindness. And that is where this film transcends conventional boundaries. It entertains you, yes, but it also makes you yearn for a perfect world. Judge it by any yardstick that you may, Lage Raho Munnabhai emerges a clear winner. Much of that credit must go to its actors who pull out all stops to make it an enjoyable ride." Poonam Joshi of the BBC gave four out of five stars stating that, "everything about this film works [...] It's rare to see a film that bounces between humour and sentiment so seamlessly. And it is rarer still to see characters become etched in the memory so enduringly that audiences become almost protective of them. It's testimony both to the quality of the writing and the performances, that Munna and Circuit have taken on a life of their own." Vinayak Chakravorty of The Hindustan Times gave four out of four stars stating that it "cleverly works its way around the obvious hurdle that almost all sequels face: The film recreates an original milieu without a hint of the déjà vu downer. And that precisely ranks Munna Bhai 2 as one of the best entertainers this year." He commended the it for showing "the heights Hindi cinema can scale despite staying within its masala parameters. Lage raho, guys."  Phelim O'Neill of The Guardian gave the film four out of five stars noting that, "as western romantic comedies become more vapid and even stalkerish, this delivers a credible message of peace, while never forgetting to be magnificent entertainment." Shastri Ramachandaran of The Tribune wrote, "True, there have been memorable films on Mahatma Gandhi by distinguished directors, namely Richard Attenborough and Shyam Benegal;one offering a respectful cinematic acquaintance and the other being didactic but inspiring. For all their earnestness, neither film stirred the popular imagination like LRM has done now." Vaidyanathan from BBC declared that, "Lage Raho is not only as good as MBBS, but much better" calling it "a brilliant emotional roller coaster ride." Jeremy Page of The Times discussed its enormous popularity upon release and noted the "serious point [the film made] about the need for tolerance, restraint and self-sacrifice."
Finally, filmmaker Kabir Khan cited Lage Raho Munna Bhai as a model film for him as it "had an issue, but it was never once in your face. Rajkumar Hirani kept it all so subtle and yet conveyed the message so well. It was as commercial as it gets and audiences too were thoroughly entertained. That's the way to make movies because it not just made all parties happy but also had a satisfied director at the end of it all."
According to Tushar Gandhi, Gandhi's great-grandson, it introduced the philosophies of Gandhi to a new generation, adding that "Bapu would've spoken the language of Gandhigiri if he were alive today. I really feel this film says something that needs to be told."
Other critics offered more negative reviews. Ajit Duara argues in The Hindu that "the accomplished cultural sophistication and political genius of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi has to be dumbed down to the astoundingly moronic levels of Lage Raho Munnabhai." Filmmaker Jahnu Barua was also critical, stating that "Gandhian philosophy is serious business and Lage Raho Munna Bhai is not the right way to show it." Jug Suraiya of The Times of India wrote that "thanks to Munnabhai, at best what exists of Gandhism is Gandhigiri, a watered down, Dale Carnegie's How to Win Friends and Influence People version of the original."
Lage Raho Munna Bhai was the third highest grossing Bollywood film of 2006, earning ₹950 million (US$14 million) gross in India alone and was rated a "Blockbuster". It was also financially successful overseas, earning ₹70 million (US$1.1 million) gross in the United Kingdom, ₹112.5 million (US$1.7 million) gross in North America, and ₹50 million (US$750,000) gross for the rest of the overseas proceeds, for a total of ₹222.5 million (US$3.4 million). Its total worldwide lifetime gross is ₹1.19 billion (US$18 million).
Lage Raho Munna Bhai is the recipient of four National Film Awards in addition to other awards. Some speculated that it would represent India as an entry for the 2007 Academy Award for Best Foreign Film. Although ultimately losing to Rang De Basanti as India's official submission, the producers submitted it as an independent entry. However, neither film received an Oscar nomination.
|Lage Raho Munna Bhai|
|Soundtrack album by Shantanu Moitra|
|Shantanu Moitra chronology|
|1.||"Lage Raho Munna Bhai"||Vinod Rathod||4:25|
|2.||"Samjho Ho Hi Gaya"||Sanjay Dutt, Arshad Warsi, Vinod Rathod||3:31|
|3.||"Aane Char Aane"||Karunya||4:30|
|4.||"Pal Pal...Har Pal"||Sonu Nigam and Shreya Ghoshal||4:32|
|5.||"Bande Mein Tha Dum...Vande Mataram"||Sonu Nigam, Shreya Ghoshal, Pranab Kumar Biswas||4:02|
|6.||"Bande Mein Tha Dum" (Instrumental)||3:15|
|7.||"Aane Char Aane" (Remix)||3:55|
|8.||"Lage Raho Munnabhai" (Remix)||Shaan||4:18|
On 21 March 2013, India's Supreme Court upheld Sanjay Dutt's conviction of illegal possession of arms relating to the 1993 Mumbai blasts case and sentenced him to 5 years imprisonment. Thus, Hirani has shelved a proposed sequel to the earlier films, Munna Bhai Chale Amerika. He will instead develop a third installment to the Munna Bhai series with a different storyline, after Dutt is released from prison.
- Ghosh, Sohini (October 2006). "Ways of seeing:Rang De Basanti, Lage Raho Munna Bhai. Evoking idealism or validating violence?" Communalism Combat 119
- Moviefone. "Moviefone: Lage Raho Munna Bhai". movies.aol.com (AOL LLC). Retrieved 2007-05-03.
- "Lage Raho Munnabhai". The Numbers. Nash Information Services, LLC. Retrieved 2007-05-03.
- "Top Lifetime Grossers Worldwide (IND Rs)". BoxOffice India. Archived from the original on 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "Box Office 2006 (Figures in Ind Rs)". boxofficeindia.com. Archived from the original on 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- "Munna Bhai sweeps National Film Awards". Times of India. 10 June 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- "UN all praise for Lage Raho Munnabhai". Times of India (The Times of India). 11 November 2006. Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Indo-Asian News Service (14 November 2006). "UN members laughed and applauded at 'Lage Raho...". glamsham.com (Fifth Quarter Infomedia Pvt. Ltd.). Retrieved 2006-11-14.
- Masand, Rajeev (20 May 2007). "Lage Raho ... is hot at Cannes". ibnlive.com (CNN). Retrieved 2007-05-20.
- Adarsh, Taran (22 May 2007). "'Lage Raho Munnabhai' stuns Cannes". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- Allagh, Harjeet Kaur (31 January 2009). "Bole tho... Gandhigiri". The Hindu (The Hindu). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Chunduri, Mridula (29 September 2006). "Gandhigiri, a cool way to live". timesofindia.com (Times Internet Limited). Retrieved 2006-09-29.
- Sharma, Swati Gauri (13 October 2006). "How Gandhi got his mojo back". boston.com (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2006-10-13.
- Bollywood Hungama (20 February 2007). "From the director's diary... Vidhu Vinod Chopra". Features. Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 20 February 2007.
- Sethi, Nitin (1 May 2006). "Vinod Chopra Productions 3-in-1". glamsham.com (Fifth Quarter Infomedia Pvt. Ltd.). Retrieved 29 September 2006.
- Adarsh, Taran (4 May 2006). "Munnabhai' gets a new name, Also new release date". news (indiafm.com). Retrieved 29 September 2006.
- "Munna and Circuit are divine fools'". rediff.com (Rediff.com India Limited). 1 September 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Lage Raho will make you laugh with moist eyes". rediff.com (Rediff.com India Limited). 4 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-29.
- "How Gandhigiri found a place in Munnabhai". rediff.com (Rediff.com India Limited). 26 September 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-25.
- IndiaFM News Bureau (2 August 2006). "An interview with Rajkumar Hirani". Yahoo! Movies. Yahoo Web Services India Pvt Ltd. Archived from the original on 28 August 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-20.
- MovieTalkies.com (4 September 2006). "Rajkumar Hirani". Interviews. Movie Talkies.com. Retrieved 2007-04-20.
- Nair, Nandini (1 October 2006). "'My father was modern day Gandhi'". indiatimes.com (Times Internet Limited). Retrieved 2006-10-01.
- "The Verdict: Does Gandhigiri work?". IBNlive.com (CNN-IBN). 1 October 2006. Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Nair, Nandini (13 October 2006). "A tortoise who won". thehindu.com (Chennai, India: The Hindu). Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- Siddiqui, Rana (1 September 2006). "The grace of Munnabhai". hindu.com (Chennai, India: The Hindu). Retrieved 2007-04-20.
- Devi, Sangeetha K. (1 September 2006). "Our answer to Laurel and Hardy?". hinduonnet.com (The Hindu). Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- Wadia, Piroj (6 October 2006). "Carry on with Munnabhai". screenindia.com (Indian Express Newspapers (Mumbai) Ltd). Retrieved 2012-12-06.[dead link]
- Ramachandran, Sudha (29 September 2006). "The Mahatma goes hip". Asia Times (Asia Times). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Shah, Mihir (28 September 2006). "Gandhigiri — a philosophy for our times". The Hindu (The Hindu). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Barker, Kim (8 November 2006). "Inspiration Renewed". Kansas City Star (Kansas City Star). Retrieved 2007-04-24.
- Ghosh, Arunabha (23 December 2006). "Lage Raho Munna Bhai: Unravelling Brand Gandhigiri: Gandhi, the man, was once the message. In post-liberalisation India, 'Gandhigiri' is the message" (PDF). epw.org.in (The Economic and Political Weekly). Retrieved 2007-05-01.
- Gentleman, Amelia (20 September 2006). "Does urbanized India have room for Gandhi? - Asia - Pacific - International Herald Tribune". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- Sappenfield, Mark (3 October 2006). "It took a comedy to revive Gandhi's ideals in India". csmonitor.com (The Christian Science Monitor). Retrieved 2006-10-10.
- Ahmed, Zubair (12 October 2006). "Gandhi-style protest by farmers". BBC news (BBC). Retrieved 2006-10-12.
- Pradhan, Sharat (21 September 2006). "Lucknow citizens go Gandhian on liquor merchant". Rediff.com India Limited. Retrieved 2007-04-25.
- "Bollywood's Lage Raho Munna Bhai inspires Lucknow's medical students". sawf.org (Sawf News). 27 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-29.
- Express News Service (29 September 2006). "Don inspired by Gandhigiri". Screen India (Screen India). Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- Hamid, Areeba (8 August 2008). "People Power: Roses for Ratan Tata". Greenpeace India. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "Movements that protest attacks by Sri Ram Sene, but with love". Livemint (Livemint). 13 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Kumar, Arun (11 July 2007). "'Gandhigiri' by Indian green card seekers in US". Hindustan Times (Hindustan Times). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Press Trust of India (PTI) (18 July 2007). "After a dose of Gandhigiri, US Govt. has a change of heart". The Hindu (Chennai, India: The Hindu). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Yang, Xiyun (11 July 2007). "A Gift From Gandhi:Frustrated Green Card Applicants From India Use Methods Of Master". The Washington Post (The Washington Post). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Yang, Xiyun (18 July 2007). "After Protest, U.S. to Take Green-Card Applications". The Washington Post (The Washington Post). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- "'Gandhigiri works! Green Card seekers make US change heart". CNN IBN (CNN IBN). 18 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-18.
- "Gandhigiri works magic for Indians seeking green card". CNN IBN (CNN IBN). 19 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-18.
- Jawed, Zeeshan (22 September 2006). "Groove to Gandhi, get it? - Books on Bapu fly off shelves, schools block bulk tickets". telegraphindia.com (The Telegraph). Retrieved 2006-10-13.
- "At city’s bookstores, it’s a brisk season for Gandhi". expressindia.com. 24 October 2006. Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Jha, Sumit (18 September 2006). "Gandhigiri makes great reading, bhai!". Times of India (Times of India). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Businessofcinema.com Team (29 September 2006). "Lage Raho Munnabhai tax free in Mumbai". Businessofcinema.com. Retrieved 2006-09-29.
- Adarsh, Taran (14 November 2006). "'Munnabhai' screened at the U.N.". Bollywood Hungama (Bollywood Hungama). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- "Limelight: Feel Good Factor". The Telegraph (Kolkata). 19 November 2006. Retrieved 2009-03-12.
- "International Day of Non-Violence". Ovi Magazine. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- "Manmohan watches Munnabhai". hinduonnet.com (The Hindu). 26 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-26.
- Singh, Manmohan (1 October 2006). "PM's speech at Satyagraha Centenary Commemoration at Kingsmead Stadium, Durban". Prime Minister's Office, Government of India. Retrieved 2007-04-27.
- "PM’s key note address to conference of CBI & state anti-corruption bureaus: Government to bring forward public services bill :PM". Press Releases, Prime Minister's Office (Press Information Bureau, Government of India). 17 November 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
- "'Munnabhai' charms South Africans". dnaindia.com (Diligent Media Corporation Ltd). 13 December 2006. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
- Adarsh, Taran (1 November 2006). "Munna's tryst with Oscars begins". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 2006-11-01.
- College of Arts and Letters, Old Dominion University. "Film Festival SChedule" (PDF). Colonial Encounters: ONFilm Festival. Old Dominion University. Retrieved 2007-05-03.
- "LSC Event Descriptions: Lage Raho Munna Bhai". LSC Events (MIT Lecture Series Committee). Retrieved 2007-05-02.
- "PON Film Series: Lage Raho Munna Bhai". Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School (The President and Fellows of Harvard College). Retrieved 2007-05-02.
- "Lage Raho Munna Bhai". dvdtimes.co.uk (PoisonousMonkey). Retrieved 2007-04-24.
- Tuteja, Joginder (28 December 2009). "Book Review: Lage Raho Munnabhai - The Original Screenplay". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- "Padthe Raho Munnabhai". IndiaGlitz (Times of India). 10 December 2009.
- "Subhash K. Jha's take on Lage Raho Munnabhai". IANS. 2 September 2006. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
- Adarsh, Taran (31 August 2006). "Review:Lage Raho Munna Bhai Review". Bollywood Hungama (Bollywood Hungama). Retrieved 2006-12-10.
- Kazmi, Nikhat (2 September 2006). "Review: Lage Raho Munna...". timesofindia.com (Times Internet Limited). Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Masand's Verdict: Lage Raho Munnabhai". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
- Joshi, Poonam (29 August 2006). "Review:Lage Raho Munna Bhai". bbc.co.uk (BBC). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Chakravorty, Vinayak (2 September 2006). "Lage Raho Munna Bhai rocks". Hindustan Times (The Hindustan Times). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- O'Neill, Phelim (1 September 2006). "Review:Lage Raho Munna Bhai". guardian.co.uk (London: Guardian News and Media Limited). Retrieved 2006-12-10.
- Ramachandaran, Shastri (23 September 2006). "Jollygood Bollywood:Munnabhai rescues Mahatma". tribuneindia.com (The Tribune Trust). Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- Vaidyanathan (29 August 2006). "Review:Lage Raho Munna Bhai". bbc.co.uk (BBC). Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Tuteja, Joginder (2 July 2009). "Kabir Khan now wants to drop 'serious filmmaker' tag". Hindustan Times (Mumbai, India: IANS). Retrieved 2009-07-02.
- Jha, Subhash (19 March 2007). "'I'm pleased with Hirani's Gandhigiri,' says Gandhi's grandson". Indo-Asian News Service. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
- Duara, Ajit (1 October 2006). "Nothing Gandhian about it". hindu.com (Chennai, India: The Hindu). Retrieved 2006-12-10.
- Gupta, Pratim D. (10 October 2006). "‘Gandhism is serious business’". telegraphindia.com (The Telegraph). Retrieved 2006-12-10.
- Suraiya, Jug (4 March 2009). "‘The lost Mahatma". Times of India (Times of India). Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- Pais, Arthur (7 September 2006). "Sanjay Dutt's biggest hit abroad". rediff.com (Rediff.com India Limited). Retrieved 2006-09-29.
- "Overseas Earnings (Figures in Ind Rs)". boxofficeindia.com. Archived from the original on 2014-10-29. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- Saxena, Kashika (25 September 2012). "India’s Oscar race: Losers weepers?". The Times of India (The Times of India). Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- Sukanya Verma (7 August 2006). "Munnabhai's music rocks". Rediff.com. Retrieved 18 August 2009.
- "Lage Raho Munnabhai Music Review". Planet Bollywood. 25 July 2006. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- Shailaja Tripathi (5 February 2009). "Vocals Beyond the Verbal". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
- Sanjay Dutt Has Lived an Unbelievable Life, Says Rajkumar Hirani
||This section includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but the sources of this section remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (September 2015)|
- "Attenborough responsible for 'Lage Raho Munnabhai': Rajkumar Hirani." Daily News and Analysis, November 21, 2014.
- Chaturvedi, Anshul. "College, masti & Gandhigiri." The Times of India. 2 October 2008.
- WBUR-FM, "Singing The Praises Of Bollywood Films," 25 February 2009 (transcript and audio).
- Yelaja, Prithi. "Kids take Gandhi's words to heart." Toronto Star, 2 October 2007.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Lage Raho Munna Bhai|