Laguna, Santa Catarina
Location in Santa Catarina state
|• Total||336.40 km2 (129.88 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BRT (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||BRST (UTC-2)|
Laguna is a Brazilian municipality located in the southern state of Santa Catarina, 120 kilometers south of the state's capital, Florianópolis, and north east of Porto Alegre. The population is 44,650 (2015 est.) in an area of 336.40 km². Elevation is 2 m. The BR-101 coastal highway passes thorugh the municipality.
The city was founded in 1676 by rural people of the capitania of São Vicente. In 1714, the locality was recognized as a municipality, and in 1847 it received the status of city. It was the capital of the short-lived Juliana Republic in 1839.
The city's flag is tricolored with yellow, white and green, and has a coat of arms in the middle.
An interesting collaboration has developed in Laguna: a pod of bottlenose dolphins drive fish towards fishermen who stand at the beach in shallow waters. Then one dolphin rolls over, which the fishermen take as sign to throw out their nets. The dolphins feed on the escaping fish. The dolphins were not trained for this behavior; the collaboration has been going on at least since 1847. Southern right whales also can be seen from shores during winter to spring seasons.
- Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
- The Daily Telegraph (2006), "Brazil's sexiest secret", article retrieved March 20, 2009.
- Dr. Moti Nissani (2007) Bottlenose Dolphins in Laguna Requesting a Throw Net (video). Supporting material for Dr. Nissani's presentation at the 2007 International Ethological Conference. Video retrieved March 20, 2009.
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