Lahore High Court

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Lahore High Court
عدالت عالیہ لاہور
Lahorehighcourt.jpg
High Court Building Lahore
Established 1919
Country  Pakistan
Location Shahra-e-Quaid-e-Azam, Lahore - Pakistan Lahore
Composition method Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of Pakistan and Governor of Punjab.
Authorized by Constitution of Pakistan
Decisions are appealed to Supreme Court of Pakistan
Judge term length Till 62 years of age
No. of positions 60
Website www.lhc.gov.pk
Chief Justice
Currently Hon'ble Chief Justice Syed Mansoor Ali Shah
Since 28 June 2016
Lead position ends 27 November 2024

The Lahore High Court is based in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. It was established as a high court on 21 March 1919.[1] The Lahore High Court has jurisdiction over Punjab. The High Court's principal seat is in Lahore, but there are benches in three other Pakistani cities: Rawalpindi, Multan and Bahawalpur. A proposal was sent by lawyers to set up new high court benches in Faisalabad, Sialkot, D.G.Khan and Gujranwala divisions but full court of Lahore High Court turned down this request.

History[edit]

Creation[edit]

Lahore High Court in the 1880s

For the first time in 1849, a Board of Administration was constituted and Punjab was divided into Divisions, Divisions into Districts and Districts into Tehsils. The Divisions were under the charge of Commissioners, Districts were controlled by Deputy Commissioners and Tehsils were supervised by Assistant and Extra Assistant Commissioners. By 1864, the necessity of expanding judicial machinery was keenly felt. A bill for the formation of the Chief Court of the Punjab was introduced on 16 February 1866 and the Chief Court Act-IV of 1866 was promulgated by the Governor General. On 17.02.1866, two Judges were appointed and in the same year, a Civil Procedure Code was made applicable to the courts. In 1884, the following classes of courts, subordinate to the Chief Court were constituted:-

  • The Divisional Court.
  • The Court of the District Judge.
  • Court of the Subordinate Judge.
  • The Court of Munsif.

In 1919, by King-Emperor George V the letters patent also appointed a Chief Justice and six puisne justices, and declared the Court's jurisdiction over the Punjab and Delhi provinces. the Chief Court was elevated to the status of a High Court by Letters Patent and in pursuance of a notification dated 1 April 1919. The Government of India Act, 1935 made certain radical changes in the Constitution and powers of the various High Courts in the British India. The new Act provided that Judges would hold office during good behavior whereas, previously they held office during his Majesty’s pleasure. Instead of the ceiling of twenty Judges fixed by the previous Act, the new Act left it to his Majesty to fix the number of Judges separately for each High Court depending upon their requirements. All acting appointments of Judges were left in the hands of the Governor-General and powers of the Local Governments were withdrawn. Under the old system, the Chief Justice had always been a Barrister Judge, however, the new Act removed this barrier and opened the Chief Justice-ship to Civilian Judges as well. The old Act fixed a definite proportion of Civilian and Barrister Judges in the composition of the High Court which was removed by the new Act. The new Act also fixed the 60 years age limit for the High Court Judges which did not exist in the old Act but which was otherwise enforced by the terms of the Judges’ appointment. By virtue of the Government of India (High Court Judges) Order, 1937, maximum number of Judges for the several High Courts in India was fixed. In each case the number so stated was exclusive of the Chief Justice but included all additional judges. The maximum number of Judges fixed for the Lahore High Court was 15. The said Order also prescribed the scale of pay and rights as to leave, pension and gratuity etc. of the Judges serving in the different High Courts in India including the Lahore High Court.

Independence of Pakistan[edit]

On 14 August 1947, the independence of two new independent countries of India and Pakistan also split the territory within the jurisdiction of the Lahore High Court. The High Court (Punjab) Order, 1947 created a new High Court for East Punjab (in India), leaving the court at Lahore responsible for the part of its original jurisdiction that now formed part of Pakistan. The Order left the powers afforded to the Court unchanged, but gave transferred the power of judicial appointment to the Governor-General of Pakistan instead of the Crown as beforehand. On 28 September 1948, the Governor General Khawaja Nazimuddin set the number of permanent judges at six, with one additional judge.

Establishment of West Pakistan[edit]

On 30 September 1955, the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan established the province of West Pakistan, and gave the Governor-General the power to establish a High Court for West Pakistan to replace the Lahore High Court; the West Pakistan High Court was accordingly established in 1956. Judges from the Chief Court of Sind and the Judicial Commissioners Court at Peshawar became judges at the West Pakistan High Court.

Creation Of Divisional Benches[edit]

On 1 January 1981, it was ordered that the Lahore High Court would create benches at Bahawalpur, Multan and Rawalpindi. The order also specified that the Lahore High Court judges could hold circuit courts anywhere in the province, with judges nominated by the Lahore High Court Chief Justice.

Current Composition[edit]

Lahore High Court is headed by a Chief Justice. The bench consist of Justices and additional judges. The retirement age of Chief Justice and Justices is 62 years. The Additional Judges are initially appointed for one year. After that their services could either be extended or they could be confirmed or they are retired. The current Chief Justice of Peshawar High Court is Justice Syed Mansoor Ali Shah and Court is currently made up of the following Justices (in order of seniority).

No. Name Appointment Retirement Note(s)
1 Syed Mansoor Ali Shah 15 September 2009 27 November 2024 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 15 September 2009 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court. He took oath as Chief Justice of the Lahore High Court on 28 June 2016.
2 Shahid Hameed Dar 19 February 2010 13 September 2017 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 19 February 2010 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
3 Muhammad Yawar Ali 19 February 2010 22 October 2018 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 19 February 2010 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
4 Muhammad Anwaarul Haq 19 February 2010 31 December 2018 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 19 February 2010 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
5 Sardar Muhammad Shamim Khan 19 February 2010 31 December 2019 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 19 February 2010 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
6 Mamoon Rashid Sheikh 19 February 2010 18 March 2020 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 19 February 2010 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
7 Muhammad Farrukh Irfan Khan 19 February 2010 22 June 2020 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 19 February 2010 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
8 Muhammad Qasim Khan 19 February 2010 5 July 2021 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 19 February 2010 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
9 Sayyed Muhammad Mazahar Ali Akbar Navi 19 February 2010 31 August 2022 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 19 February 2010 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
10 Syed Muhammad Kazim Raza Shamsi 12 May 2011 5 September 2018 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 12 May 2011 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
11 Amin ud Din Khan 12 May 2011 30 November 2022 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 12 May 2011 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
12 Muhammad Ameer Bhatti 12 May 2011 7 March 2024 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 12 May 2011 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
13 Malik Shahzad Ahmed Khan 12 May 2011 14 March 2024 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 12 May 2011 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
14 Abdul Sami Khan 27 March 2012 16 March 2018 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 27 March 2012 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
15 Ibad ur Rehman Lodhi 27 March 2012 27 December 2018 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 27 March 2012 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
16 Shujaat Ali Khan 27 March 2012 22 April 2026 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 27 March 2012 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
17 Ayesha A.Malik 27 March 2012 2 June 2028 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 27 March 2012 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
18 Shahid Waheed 27 March 2012 24 December 2028 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 27 March 2012 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
19 Ali Baqir Najafi 16 April 2012 14 September 2025 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 16 April 2012 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
20 Atir Mahmood 12 April 2013 08 Mar 2021 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 12 April 2013 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
21 Shahid Bilal Hassan 12 April 2013 11 March 2027 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 12 April 2013 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
22 Aalia Neelum 12 April 2013 11 November 2028 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 12 April 2013 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
23 Abid Aziz Sheikh 12 April 2013 25 April 2029 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 12 April 2013 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
24 Muhammad Tariq Abbasi 29 October 2013 30 March 2021 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 29 October 2013 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
25 Ch. Muhammad Masood Jahangir 29 October 2013 2 December 2022 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 29 October 2013 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
26 Sadaqat Ali Khan 29 October 2013 20 January 2029 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 29 October 2013 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
27 Shams Mehmood Mirza 22 March 2014 6 March 2028 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 22 March 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
28 Syed Shahbaz Ali Rizvi 22 March 2014 21 April 2028 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 22 March 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
29 Shahid Jamil Khan 22 March 2014 29 April 2028 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 22 March 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
30 Faisal Zaman Khan 22 March 2014 30 July 2029 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 22 March 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
31 Khalid Mehmood Malik 7 November 2014 26 March 2018 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 7 November 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
32 Ali Akbar Qureshi 7 November 2014 28 December 2018 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 7 November 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
33 Qazi Muhammad Amin Ahmed 7 November 2014 25 March 2019 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 7 November 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
34 Ch. Mushtaq Ahmed 7 November 2014 6 April 2021 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 7 November 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
35 Masud Abid Naqvi 7 November 2014 4 July 2026 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 7 November 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
36 Shahid Karim 7 November 2014 19 August 2026 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 7 November 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
37 Mirza Viqas Rauf 7 November 2014 26 April 2028 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 7 November 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
38 Ch. Muhammad Iqbal 7 November 2014 31 October 2028 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 7 November 2014 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
39 Shahid Mubeen 8 June 2015 31 December 2019 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 8 June 2015 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
40 Sardar Ahmad Naeem 8 June 2015 30 June 2022 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 8 June 2015 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
41 Raja Shahid Mehmood Abbasi 8 June 2015 24 January 2025 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 8 June 2015 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
42 Shehram Sarwar Ch. 8 June 2015 23 April 2030 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 8 June 2015 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
43 Muhammad Sajid Mehmood Sethi 8 June 2015 18 May 2030 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 8 June 2015 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
44 Sardar Muhammad Sarfraz Dogar 8 June 2015 2 July 2030 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 8 June 2015 and confirmed as justice of Lahore High Court.
45 Mujahid Mustaqeem Ahmed 26 November 2016 24 April 2020 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
46 Tariq Iftikhar Ahmad 26 November 2016 7 September 2019 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
47 Muhammad Bashir Paracha 26 November 2016 18 September 2020 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
48 Abdul Sattar 26 November 2016 13 January 2022 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
49 Habib Ullah Amir 26 November 2016 31 August 2024 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
50 Asjad Javaid Ghural 26 November 2016 29 April 2026 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
51 Tariq Salim Sheikh 26 November 2016 23 June 2027 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
52 Jawad Hassan 26 November 2016 27 July 2029 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
53 Ahmad Raza Gilani 26 November 2016 26 January 2030 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
54 Muzamil Akhtar Shabir 26 November 2016 13 January 2031 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
55 Mudassir Khalid Abbasi 26 November 2016 21 February 2031 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
56 Abdul Rehman Aurangzeb 26 November 2016 21 January 2032 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
57 Muhammad Ali 26 November 2016 9 February 2033 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
58 Ch. Abdul Aziz 26 November 2016 8 September 2033 Elevated to the Bench as Additional Judge on 26 November 2016.
59 Vacant
60 Vacant

[2]

Former Chief Justices[edit]

Mr. Justice Ijaz Ul Ahsan (06.11.2015 to 27.06.2016)

Mr. Justice Manzoor Ahmad Malik (30.03.2015 to 05.11.2015)

Mr. Justice Kh. Imtiaz Ahmad (17.06.2014 to 29.03.2015)

Mr. Justice Umar Ata Bandial (01.06.2012 to 16.06.2014)

Mr. Justice Sh. Azmat Saeed (17.11.2011 to 31.05.2012)

Mr. Justice Ijaz Ahmad Chaudhry (09.12.2010 to 16.11.2011)

Mr. Justice Khawaja Muhammad Sharif (14.04.2009 to 08.12.2010)

Mr. Justice Sayed Zahid Hussain (01.01.2008 to 13.04.2009)

Mr. Justice Iftikhar Hussain Chaudhry (07-09-2002 to 31-12-2007)

Mr.Justice Falak Sher (14-07-2000 to 07-09-2002)

Mr. Justice Mian Allah Nawaz (07-02-2000 to 17-07-2000)

Mr. Justice Rashid Aziz Khan (1997 to 04-02-2000)

Mr. Justice Sh. Riaz Ahmad (1997-1997)

Mr. Justice Sh. Ijaz Nisar (1996-1997)

Mr. Justice Khalil-Ur-Rehman Khan (1996-1996)

Mr. Justice Mian Mahboob Ahmad (1991-1995)

Mr. Justice Mohammad Rafique Tarar (1989-1991)

Mr. Justice Abdul Shakurul Salam (1988-1989)

Mr.Justice Ghulam Mujaddid Mirza (04-10-1986 to 27-04-1988)

Mr. Justice Dr. Javed Iqbal (20-10-1982 to 04-10-1986)

Mr. Justice Shamim Hussain Qadri (1980-1982)

Mr. Justice Maulvi Mushtaq Hussain (1978-1980)

Mr. Justice Aslam Riaz Hussain (1976-1978)

Mr. Justice Sardar Muhammad Iqbal (1972-1976)

Mr. Justice Sheikh Anwarul Haq (1970-1972)

Mr. Justice Qadeer-ud-Din Ahmad (1969-1970)

Mr. Justice Waheed-ud-Din Ahmad (1967-1969)

Mr. Justice Inamullah Khan (1965-1967)

Mr. Justice Abdul Aziz Khan (1963-1965)

Mr. Justice Sheikh Manzur Qadir (1962-1963)

Mr. Justice Malik Rustam Kayani (1958-1962)

Mr. Justice Dr. Sheikh Abdul Rahman (1954-1955, 1955-1958)

Mr. Justice Muhammad Munir (1949-1954)

Mr. Justice Sir Abdul Rashid (1946-1948)

Mr. Justice Sir Arthur Trevor Harries (1943-1946)

Mr. Justice Sir John Douglas Young (1934-1943)

Mr. Justice Sir Shadi Lal (1920-1934)

Mr. Justice Sir Henry Adolphus Rattigan (1917-1919)

Mr. Justice Sir Donald Campbell Johnstone (1915-1917)

Mr. Justice Sir Alfred Kensington (1914-1915)

Mr. Justice Sir Arthur Hay Stewart Reid (1909-1914)

Mr. Justice Sir William Ovens Clark (1898-1909)

Mr. Justice Sir Charles Arthur Roe (1895-1898)

Mr. Justice Sir Henry Meredyth Plowden (1880-1895) [3]

PCO 25 March 1981[edit]

The PCO of 1981 also afforded the Lahore High Court these three benches. The judges were required to take oath under the Provisional Constitutional Order. Four judges refused to do so and were relieved of office. Four other judges were not administered the oath, and were also relieved of office.[4]

PCO 26 January 2000[edit]

  • Sir Rashid Aziz Khan Took oath under PCO
  • Mian Allah Nawaz Took oath under PCO
  • Falak Sher Took oath under PCO
  • Ehsanul Haq Chaudhry Did not Take oath under PCO
  • Tanvir Ahmad Khan Took oath under PCO
  • Amir Alam Khan Took oath under PCO
  • Iftikhar Hussain Chaudhry Took oath under PCO
  • Fakhar-un-Nisa Khokhar Took oath under PCO
  • Ghulam Mehmood Qureshi Took oath under PCO
  • Karamat Nazir Bhandari Took oath under PCO
  • Javed Buttar Took oath under PCO
  • Mohammad Asif Jan Took oath under PCO
  • Mohammad Nasim Chaudhri Took oath under PCO
  • Mohammad Nawaz Abbasi, Took oath under PCO
  • Tassadaq Hussain Jilani Took oath under PCO
  • Raja Mohammad Sabir Took oath under PCO
  • Syed Zahid Hussain Took oath under PCO
  • Munir Ahmad Mughal Took oath under PCO
  • Fakir Mohammad Khokar Took oath under PCO
  • Abdul Razzaq Sheikh Took oath under PCO
  • Zafar Pasha Chaudhary Took oath under PCO
  • Mumtaz Ali Mirza Took oath under PCO
  • Asif Saeed Khan Khosa Took oath under PCO
  • Ch. Ijaz Ahmad Took oath under PCO
  • Iftikhar Ahmad Cheema Took oath under PCO
  • Jawad S Khawaja Took oath under PCO
  • Khwaja Mohammad Sharif Took oath under PCO
  • Mian Mohammad Najam-uz-Zaman Took oath under PCO
  • Mian Saqib Nisar Took oath under PCO
  • Mian Zafar Yasin Took oath under PCO
  • Riaz Kayani Took oath under PCO
  • Najamul Hassan Kazmi Did not Take oath under PCO
  • Syed Jamshed Ali Took oath under PCO
  • Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday Took oath under PCO
  • Malik Mohammad Qayyum Took oath under PCO
  • Nazir Akhtar Took oath under PCO
  • Ali Nawaz Chohan Took oath under PCO
  • Bashir A Mujahid Took oath under PCO
  • Naeemullah Sherwani Took oath under PCO
  • Molvi Anwar-ul-Haq Took oath under PCO
  • Akhtar Shabbir Took oath under PCO
  • Naseem Sikandar Took oath under PCO
  • Nazir Siddique Took oath under PCO

PCO 3 November 2007[edit]

  • Iftikhar Hussain Ch Take oath under PCo as chief justice
  • Khawja Muhammad Sharif Refused oath under PCo
  • Sayyed Zahid Hussain Take oath under PCo
  • Mian M Najamuz Zaman Take oath under PCo
  • Mian Saqib Nisar Refused oath under PCo
  • Asif Saeed Khan Khosa Refused oath under PCo
  • Maulvi Anwarul Haq Take oath under PCo
  • Nasim Sikandar Take oath under PCo
  • Abdul Shakoor Paracha Take oath under PCo
  • Mohammad Khalid Alvi Take oath under PCo
  • Muhammad Sair Ali Refused oath under PCo
  • Ijaz Ahmad Chaudhry, Refused oath under PCo
  • Mian Hamid Farooq Take oath under PCo
  • M. Bilal Khan Take oath under PCo
  • Fazale Miran Chauhan Take oath under PCo
  • Syed Shabbar Raza Rizvi Take oath under PCo
  • M. A. Shahid Siddiqui Refused oath under PCo
  • Syed Sakhi Hussain Bokhari Take oath under PCo
  • Sardar Mohammad Aslam Take oath under PCo
  • Sheikh Hakim Ali Take oath under PCo
  • Mohammad Muzammal Khan Take oath under PCo
  • Muhammad Jhangir Arshad Refused oath under PCo
  • Sh. Azmat Saeed Refused oath under PCo
  • Syed Hamid Ali Shah Take oath under PCo
  • Umar AttaBandial Refused oath under PCo
  • Sh. Javaid Sarfraz Take oath under PCo
  • Syed Sajjad Hussain Shah Take oath under PCo
  • Tariq Shamim Take oath under PCo
  • Syed Asghar Haider Take oath under PCo
  • Hasnat Ahmad Khan Take oath under PCo
  • Iqbal Hameed-ur-Rehman Refused oath under PCo

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ N. R. Madhava Menon, ed. (2002). Criminal Justice India Series: Punjab, 2002. Allied Publishers. p. 234. ISBN 978-81-7764-490-6. 
  2. ^ "Sitting Judges". Sindh High Court. June 2 2017.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ "Former Chief Justices". Lahore High Court. June 2, 2017. 
  4. ^ "History of the High Court". Lahore High Court. Retrieved May 2013.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)