عجائب گھر لاہور
|Established||1865, moved to present site in 1894|
|Location||The Mall, Lahore|
|Type||Archaeology, art, heritage, modern history, religious|
|Collection size||Pre & Proto, Coins, Hindu Buddhist & Jain, Gandhara, Islamic, Manuscripts, Miniature Paintings, General Collection, Arms, Ethnological, Postage & Stamps, Arts & Crafts, Contemporary Paintings, Pakistan Movement Gallery|
|Visitors||250,000 in 2005|
The Lahore Museum (Punjabi: لہور میوزیم; Urdu: عجائب گھر لاہور; "Lahore Wonder House") is a museum located in Lahore, Pakistan. Founded in 1865 at a smaller location and opened in 1894 at its current location on The Mall in Lahore during the British colonial period, Lahore Museum is one of Pakistan's most visited museums and one of the major museums in South Asia.[better source needed]
The museum houses an extensive collection of Buddhist art from the ancient Indo-Greek and Gandhara kingdoms. It also has collections from the Mughal Empire, Sikh Empire and the British Empire in India.
The Lahore Wonder House, along with the Zamzama Gun located directly in front of the building, is the setting of the opening scene in the novel Kim by Rudyard Kipling, whose father was one of the museum's earliest curators.
Lahore Museum was originally established in 1865–66 on the site of the current Tollinton Market – a hall built for the 1864 Punjab Exhibition. The present building was constructed as a memorial of Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria held in 1887, and financed through a special public fund raised on the occasion. The foundation stone of the new museum was laid on 3 February 1890 by Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Queen Victoria's grandson. On its completion in 1894, the entire museum collection was transferred to present building with its new name as Jubilee Museum.
The museum's collection was later shifted in 1894 to its present location on The Mall, in Lahore's British-era core. The present building was designed by the well-known architect from Lahore, Sir Ganga Ram.
In 1948, as part of the partition of Punjab, the artefacts of the museum were divided between the newly formed countries of Pakistan and India, with the museum retaining about 60% of its collection. The rest was given to India and eventually housed at the Government Museum and Art Gallery in Chandigarh, built specifically for this purpose. Over 250,000 visitors were registered at the Lahore museum in 2005.
The museum has a number of Greco-Buddhist sculptures, Mughal and Pahari paintings on display. The collection contains important relics from the Indus Valley civilisation, Gandhara, and Graeco-Bactrian periods as well. The Fasting Buddha, dating from the Gandhara period, is one of the museums most prized and celebrated objects. The ceiling of the entrance hall features a large mural by Pakistani artist Sadequain who originally made the mural in 1972 and 1973.
The museum also contains fine specimens of Mughal and Sikh carved woodwork and has a large collection of paintings dating back to the British period. The collection also includes musical instruments, ancient jewellery, textiles, pottery, and armory, as well as some Tibetan and Nepalese work on display.
The museum displays archaeological materials from Bronze Age (Indus Valley civilization) to the medieval era Hindu Shahi period. It has one of the largest collections of archaeology, history, arts, fine arts, applied arts, ethnology, and craft objects in Pakistan. It also has an extensive collection of Hellenistic and Mughal coins. There is also a photo gallery dedicated to the emergence of Pakistan as an independent state, the Pakistan Movement Gallery.
|Museum Directors From First Day Forward:||Name of Directors||Position||Duration
|Hugh Lionel Heath||Curator||1912–1929||7|
|Rai Bahadur (S.N. Gupta)||Curator||1929–1942||13|
|Mr. Khan. Bahadur. Molvi Zafar Hasan||Curator||1948–194||5|
|Syed Muhammad Taqi||Curator / Director||1965–1974||9|
|Fred. Henry Andrews||Curator||1893–1899||6|
|J.L. Kipling (C.I.E)||Curator||1875–1893||18|
|Saifur Rehman Dar||Director||1974–1993||19|
|F.M. Anjum Rehmani||Officiating Director||1993–1995||2|
|Saifur Rehman Dar||Director||1995–1998||3|
|F.M. Anjum Rehmani||Officiating Director||1998–2001||3|
|Mansoor Sohail||Director Additional Charge||2000–2001||1|
|Liaquat Ali Khan Niazi||Director||2001–2004||3|
|Syed Gulzar Mashhadi||Director||2004–2005||1|
|Asghar Nadeem Syed||Director||2008–2009||1|
|Kamran Afzal Cheema||Director||2009–2009||-|
- Rudyard Kipling's novel, Kim (pub. 1901), was set in the vicinity of the old/original Lahore Museum and the Mall areas.
- Shaila Bhatti (2012), Translating museums: a counterhistory of South Asian museology, Walnut Creek, Calif: Left Coast Press, ISBN 9781611321449
- Whitehead, Richard Bertram (1914). Catalogue of Coins in the Panjab Museum, Lahore; Indo-Greek Coins : Volume 1. The Panjab Government at The Clarendon Press, Oxford.
- Whitehead, Richard Bertram (1914). Catalogue of Coins in the Panjab Museum, Lahore; Coins of Mughal Emperors: Volume 2. The Panjab Government at The Clarendon Press, Oxford.
- Lahore Museum on Encyclopedia Britannica website Retrieved 25 November 2019
- "AROUND TOWN: Lahore Museum". DAWN.COM (newspaper). 31 October 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
- Which later became the Tollinton Market after the completion of the new/present museum building, see "Murray's Handbook of the Punjab", pub. 1883. Mention also made in Peter Hopkirk, "Quest for Kim", London, 1996, pp.46–47 ISBN 0-7195-5560-4
- Shukla, Vandana (30 September 2018). "One foot in Lahore, the other in Chandigarh: How Partition's sundering affected a museum's artifacts". Firstpost. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
- Arshad Bhatti (18 September 2012). "Museum to conserve Sadequain's mural". The Nation (newspaper). Retrieved 7 September 2021.
- "Masterpieces of Lahore Museum – UNESCO Digital Library". unesdoc.unesco.org. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- Rehmani, Anjum (1999). Masterpieces of Lahore Museum. Lahore Museum. OCLC 137232699.
- Lahore Museum Official Website
- Lahore Museum as it looked in 1900
- Lahore Museum at Google Cultural Institute
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lahore Museum.|