Lahoysk

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Coordinates: 54°12′N 27°51′E / 54.200°N 27.850°E / 54.200; 27.850

Coat of Arms of Lahojsk

Lahoysk (Belarusian: Лагойск, pronounced [lʌˈɣɔɪsk]; Russian: Логойск, English: Logoisk) is a city in the Minsk Region of Belarus and the administrative center of the Lahoysk Raion.

History[edit]

First chronicled in 1078, Lahoysk was the center of a small 12th-century principality, later absorbed into the Principality of Polotsk. In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was a seat of the Tyszkiewicz noble family.

For the first time mentioned in chronicles from 1078 as part of Polotsk. Around the XII century is the center of Logozhsk principality. Since the XIII century is part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Under the name Logosko mentioned in the "List of Russian cities far and near."

Tyszkievicz castle Picture of Napoleon Mateusz Tadeusz Orda

In different periods of time was the possession of Jagiello, Skirgaila, Vytautas, Chartaryyskih Princes and Count Tyszkiewicz.

In 1505, in the war against the Crimean Khanate, the city was captured by the Tatars, plundered and burned. During the Northern War of 1700-1721 he was captured by Swedish forces. At the same time the Castle of Logoisk was destroyed, in 1765 there was built Order of Saint Basil monastery.

As a result of the second partition of Rzeczpospolita in 1793, the city became part of the Russian Empire. In 1814–1819 years in Logoisk Tyszkiewicz built a palace, which was destroyed during the Second World War. According to some data, in 1842 brothers Constantine and Eustace Tyszkiewicz founded Archaeological museum. The collection has served as the basis for the creation in 1855 of the Vilnius Archaeological Museum. In the XIX century - place. In 1897 Logoysk becomes the center of the parish Borisov district.

In 1890 in the town lived 1180 inhabitants, most of them - Jews, 685 persons. Operated a synagogue and Jewish houses of worship, the Orthodox Church, the Catholic Church.

Since 1924 - the center Logoisk region, town. In 1998 he was awarded the status of the city.

City sights[edit]

St. Nikolai Orthodox Church[edit]

Today more and more tourists come to visit St. Nicholai Church, because this is one of the few remaining churchs on the European territory, painted on the Apocalypse style, using the art of painting on freshly spread moist lime plaster with waterbased pigments (fresco painting).

St. Nicholai Church - is Orthodox church, located in the central part of the city Logoisk (Belarus) on the right side of the Gaina river . Built in 1862, it can accommodate up to 700 people. In 2017 the abbot is the father of Vladimir Zimnitsky.

The Church is built of stone. It has the shape of a rectangle with an open dome and bell tower in the middle of the gable.

The first mention of the church was in 1653. Overall, in its history, St. Nicholai Church was restored four times: in 1734, 1795, 1824 and 1866.

In 1866, the Church built on the site of the ancient church Prechistenskaya. In 1907 ancient icon of Our Lady, considered los, was returned to the St. Nicholai Church .

At the end of 1920 the church was closed, it housed a grain warehouse. In 1941 the church was re-opened. In the 1980s, St. Nicholai Church walls were painted by master painters from Sergiev Posad.

St. Nicholas painted the story Apocalypse, its altar - on the theme of the Lord's supper. Among the many well-executed images have all Belarusian saints. The second chapel (located in the north, the left of the main chapel, the side of the church) was consecrated in honor of St. Symeon the New Theologian.

St. Kazimir Catholic Church[edit]

St. Kazimir Catholic Church - Catholic church, located in the city of Logoisk, Belarus. Built in 1999 by architect M. Kalechits. Located in the central part of Logoisk, on the left side of the river Gaina. The building is a light beige color with a modern silhouette, which features Gothic Revival traced.

Church built on the site of the destroyed in the mid XX century St. Kazimir Catholic Church, which was located on the former site of the tomb of the family of the church Tyszkiewicz. Near the Church is the grave of Count K. Tyszkiewicz, where installed the monument.

St. Kazimir Catholic Church during the four centuries of its history was erected 4 times. The Church was founded in 1604 by Count Alexander Tyszkiewicz as a sign of his conversion to the Catholic faith. Wooden church burned down in 1655 during the war 1654-1667, between Rzeczpospolita and Russian kingdom.

April 17, 1787 Count A. Tyszkiewicz took up the construction of the stone church, whose construction was completed on October 20, 1793 his son Vikenty. The Church functioned until 1950, then it was closed and dismantled. In the late of 1980s, believers have established a cross on the former site of the shrine and began to seek permission to build the church.

In 1991, the city authorities decided to transfer these lands of the Roman Catholic Church. The new church was built in less than 10 years ago. Rebuilt Church consecrated on June 19, 1999.

Holy spring of St. Nicholai (Crinitsa)[edit]

Spring of St. Nicholai in Logoisk is one of the city's attractions. It is located near the Church of St. Nicholai, from under which originates and source. Crinitsa declared a hydrological natural monument of local importance. In 2005, the source by Consecrated Metropolitan of Minsk and Slutsk Filaret.

It is believed that the water from this Holy spring healing, heal many ailments. Crinitsa and the surrounding area equipped, built two fonts. Place attracts many pilgrims and travelers to try the spring water, and if possible to find cure of diseases.

Tyshkevich's castle (Tyszkiewicz)[edit]

Tyszkiewicz Palace in Logoisk - an architectural monument of late classicism (Empire). Most of the palace, as well as farm buildings almost completely destroyed and the chapel at the end of World War II by the retreating Germans. The ruins of the walls of the side wing of the palace and well known Tyshkevich's park.

The monumental structure was raised on a high base of rectangular shape (70 × 20 m). In the courtyard of the estate were "the hut" ledovnya (refrigirator-building), congestive, stable box and other outbuildings.

All parts of the palace were covered with gable roofs. Ceremonial palace museum apartment resembled a suite. Here in 2 huge oblong halls were presented things from the rich museum collection. The decoration of the interiors has been made in the Empire style. It is assumed that these rooms are on the 1st floor of the side wing of the palace.

Its a story, that Tyshkevich's castle and St. Kazimir Catholic Church was connected with underground road

Sculpture 'The Mother of God in Lahoysk'[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]