Lai (Chinese surname)
Lai (Traditional Chinese: 賴; Simplified Chinese: 赖; Pinyin: Lài) is a common Chinese surname that is pronounced similarly in both Hakka and Mandarin. It is also a Taiwanese/Minnan surname that is romanized as Luā.
The Lais' ancestry is from the state of Lai in the Spring and Autumn period. Many Lais dispersed to the south during their defeat by the Chu state; many even changed their surname to escape persecution.
The brother of Zhou Wu Wang (周武王), Shu Ying, was awarded as Duke of Lai (northeast of Shi in Henan). In 583 B.C the Lai kingdom was destroyed by Chu Ling Wang. Some of its people fled to neighboring kingdoms of Luo (羅) and Fu (傅), others migrated north and settled in Da Yan (Yanling in Henan). They adopted the name Lai to commemorate their old kingdom.
Notable people surnamed 賴
- Lai Wenguang
- Lai Chuanzhu: general during the Landing Operation on Hainan Island
- Lai Choi San, 20th-century Chinese female pirate
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