Lai in 1913 in Zhuangzi Tests His Wife
|Chinese name||黎民偉 (traditional)|
|Chinese name||黎民伟 (simplified)|
October 26, 1953 (aged 60)|
|Ancestry||Xinhui, Guangdong or Sihui, Guangdong|
Lai Man-Wai (Chinese: 黎民偉; pinyin: Li Minwei; 1893–1953), also romanised as Lay Min Wei or M.W. Ray, considered the "Father of Hong Kong Cinema", was the director of the first Hong Kong film Zhuangzi Tests His Wife in 1913. In the film, Lai played the role of the wife, partly due to the reluctance of women to participate in show business at the time.
Born in Japan, of Xinhui, Guangdong origin and raised in Hong Kong, he joined Sun Yat-sen's Kuomintang party in 1911 and helped make anti-warlord movies. He was an active director during the golden years of the Shanghai movie industry from 1921 to 1928. In 1923, he founded the China Sun Motion Picture Company with his brother, Lai Pak-Hoi, in Hong Kong which later relocated to Shanghai. In 1930, he co-founded one of the "Big Three" studios of the 1930s, Lianhua Film Company, with Lo Ming Yau. Lianhua, together with other leading Shanghai studios, was destroyed when the Empire of Japan attacked Shanghai in 1937. Lai returned to Hong Kong in 1938 and retired.
His story was documented in Lai Man-wai: Father of Hong Kong Cinema by Choi Kai-kwong in 2001.
- Zhuangzi Tests His Wife (1913)
- Romance of the Western Chamber (1927) directed with Hou Yao
- A Page of History (1941). Documentary. Lai Man-Wai followed Sun Yat-sen during the 1920s.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lai Man-Wai.|
- His Origins in Xinhui - http://www.southcn.com/news/gdnews/sh/hrjnh/fyrw/200409020627.htm
- Lai Man-Wai on IMDb