Lau Laka language

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Lau Laka
Laka
Native toNigeria
RegionLau LGA, Taraba State
Language codes
ISO 639-3lak[1]
Glottologlaka1252[2]

Laka of Lau is the only Central Sudanic language spoken in Nigeria. It is most closely related to Kabba Laka of Chad. The Hausa refer to the Laka people of Lau as Lakawa. The language was only recently documented in the mid-2010s, and had been previously misclassified as a Mbum language along with Lau.[3][4]

Distribution[edit]

Laka speakers live in Laka ward of Lau LGA (Hausa: Angawan Lakawa; formerly Garin Lakawa ‘Laka town’), Taraba State, eastern Nigeria.[3] They live alongside the Win Lau (or Lau proper; formerly Lau Habe), who are Jukunoid speakers.[5]

Lexical comparison[edit]

The following table compares Laka (Lau) and Laka (Chad), both of which are Central Sudanic languages, with Lau proper, a Jukunoid language.[3]

English Laka (Lau) Laka (Chad) Lau proper
animal /dā/ nɛ̃́wkũ̂
cow mã̀ŋgɨ̄ /màngɨ̄/ nâw
chicken kũ̄nʤá /kūnʤá/ zǟw
man ʤĩ̀ŋgàw /ʤìngàw/ jĩ̂nə̀nwò
medicine kũ̀mā /kùmā/ gâj

References[edit]

  1. ^ Still misclassified in Ethnologue (22nd ed.) and Glottolog 4.1.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Laka (Nigeria)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b c Idiatov, Dmitry, Mark Van de Velde, Tope Olagunju and Bitrus Andrew. 2017. Results of the first AdaGram survey in Adamawa and Taraba States, Nigeria. 47th Colloquium on African Languages and Linguistics (CALL) (Leiden, Netherlands).
  4. ^ Blench, Roger (2019). An Atlas of Nigerian Languages (4th ed.). Cambridge: Kay Williamson Educational Foundation.
  5. ^ Blench, Roger. "The Central Sudanic languages in the context of Nilo-Saharan: a new overview". Academia.edu. Retrieved 25 August 2018.