Lake-Tysen House

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The Lake-Tysen House
Interiorlake-tyson.jpg

The Guyon-Lake-Tysen House is a spacious farmhouse with Dutch and Flemish architectural details was built by Joseph Guyon on his farmstead in Oakwood, Staten Island in the United States. Most of its original interior woodwork, including both Georgian and Federal styles of paneling remains intact. Based on the style and proportions of the house, it would be considered a middle to upper class dwelling. It is possible that the Lake family may have owned several slaves, who may have been housed in the rooms above the kitchen. The building was acquired by Historic Richmond Town, a living history museum, in 1962, and transported from Oakwood during July 9–12, 1962. The building was restored before it was opened to the public on October, 1963. Full restoration was completed in the 1970s.

Construction[edit]

The main portion of the house was built circa 1740, while the kitchen addition was rebuilt circa 1820. The building was constructed from a wood frame, using the bent system. It is one and a half stories tall. There is a cellar under the two main rooms and front hall. The cellar walls are made with rubble stone, while the first floor rooms and front hallways are mud and straw filled with a flaster coat. The flooring, panelling, mouldings, and doors are all pine.

Original location[edit]

The Guyon-Lake-Tysen House originally sat on a plot of 115 acres of land. The original location was 750 feet south of Hylan Boulevard, 100 feet West of Tysens Lane, in Oakwood, Staten Island. This area is signigicant as it was a large, fertile farm plot which spread from the shore line to road which allowed for two point of transport and trade.

Prior to the Guyon-Lake-Tysen House at this location, the land was originally patented to Hanse Laurense circa 1677. By 1723, the land was owned by James Hanse Dye. Any structure had been destroyed, but there was evidence found of its existence nearby the kitchen area.

Museum interpretation[edit]

The building features several rooms, furnished for interpretation of different time periods that range from the mid-18th century to the late 19th century. When Historic Richmond Town is open with living history demonstrations, the interpretation is mostly daily farm life circa 1820.

Inhabitants and their occupations[edit]

1740 - 1758: Joseph Guyon; Farmer
1758-1797: Occupants unknown
1797-1804: Henry Barger; Farmer and Blacksmith
1804-1813: Barger family; Farmer
1813-1839: Daniel Lake family, Farmer
1839-1885: David J. and Elizabeth Lake Tysen; Farmer, Real Estate dealer
1885-1932: David J. Tysen II owner; Occupied by mother and siblings
1932-1937: John L. (Jack) Porter; Restauranteur
1937-1962: Charles Whitaker; Real Estate Agent

Evidence of slavery[edit]

Census records taken of the house give evidence of slavery before the full abolition of slavery in New York in 1827 (see History of slavery in New York).

1800 U.S. Census - Southfield (p. 16)
Henry Barregor (Barger)
2 males under 10 1 female 10-16
2 males 10-16 1 female 26-45
1 male 26-45 1 person not taxed
3 slaves

1820 U.S. Census - Southfield (p. 102)
Daniel Lake
3 males under 10 3 females under 10
3 males 10-16 1 female 26-45 2 male 26-45 1 female slave 14-26
2 male slaves under 14

1830 U.S. Census - Southfield
1 male 10-15 1 female 10-15
2 males 15-20 1 female 15-20
1 male 30-40 1 female 20-30
1 male 40-50 1 female 40-50
1 male free colored person 36-55
1 female free colored person 36-55
1 female free colored person 55-100

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • [1] Lake-Tysen report: Neighborhood Preservation Center, New York, NY
    • Historic Richmond Town Historic Structure Fact Sheet
      • L. McMillen, "Guyon-Lake-Tysen House," Historian, v. 29, n. 1 (January–March 1968)

Coordinates: 40°34′19.4″N 74°08′43.5″W / 40.572056°N 74.145417°W / 40.572056; -74.145417