Lake Bästeträsk seen from the western shore
Position of Lake Bästeträsk
|Location||Fleringe socken, Gotland|
|Primary inflows||the mires of Släkmyr, Ojnaremyr and Tvärlingemyr|
|Primary outflows||a culvert in the north, previously for electricity production|
|Catchment area||39.92 km2 (15.41 sq mi)|
|Surface area||6.52 km2 (2.52 sq mi)|
|Max. depth||4.5 m (15 ft)|
|Shore length1||14.8 km (9.2 mi)|
|Surface elevation||6.1 m (20 ft)|
|Islands||Falholmen, Storholmen, Lillholmen|
|1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.|
The lake is located at the north end of Gotland only 0.4 km (0.25 mi) from the Baltic Sea. It has three islands: Falholmen, Storholmen and Lillholmen. The lake represents 681 ha (1,680 acres) of the 1,494 ha (3,690 acres) Bästeträsk nature reserve, one of the largest on Gotland. With an area of 6.52 km2 (2.52 sq mi) it is the largest lake on the island. Despite its size, the maximum depth is only 4.5 m (15 ft) and most of it is considerably shallower.
Most of the lake is surrounded by a so called "beach barricade", a 0.5 to 1 m (1.6 to 3.3 ft) high wall of gravel and larger blocks of stone, that has been displaced or pushed out by the expanding ice during the winter.
The bottom of the lake is made up of blocks of stone, especially in the shallower parts, and sediments.
Bästeträsk is a freshwater reserve with very clean inflows, a number of them has the same aspects as drinking water. The water has a greenish tint with low content of nutrients, making the lake almost void of vegetation save for stands of Chara aspera, Chara tomentosa, Chara globularis and the only occurrence in Sweden of Nitella tenuissima. It inhabits species such as northern pike, perch, roach, rudd, tench, european bullhead and whitefish. The lake was stocked with crayfish during the 1920s. A number of rare lichens and polyporales can be found in the nature reserve surrounding the lake, along with the Cochlicopa nitens land snail. The islands in the lake have a large colony of eiders.
The area around Bästeträsk has been used for quarrying limestone since the 1650s. The production ceased in 1990, but traces of the industry remain. Most visible are the two smaller quarry lakes north of the lake. The northwest of these lakes, "The Blue Lagoon", is a well visited swimming site.
The lake's outflow in the north was dammed up and led through a culvert for production of hydroelectricity following a decision in 1939. As of 2015[update] only the culvert remains. In winter the lake is sometimes used for tour skating.
- "Bästeträsk, vattenförkomst" [Lake Bästeträsk, water]. www.viss.lansstyrelsen.se. VISS - Vatteninformationssystem Sverige. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- "Svenskt Vattenarkiv – Delavrinningsområden (SVAR 2012)" [Swedish Water archive - Catchment area (SVAR 2012)]. www.smhi.se. SMHI. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- "Sjölista" [List of lakes] (PDF). www.smhi.se. SMHI. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- "Bästeträsk". www.lansstyrelsen.se. Gotland County Administrative Board. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- "Svenskt Vattenarkiv – Vattenytor (SVAR 2012)" [Swedish Water archive - Water surfaces]. www.smhi.se. SMHI. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- "Arån". www.viss.lansstyrelsen.se. VISS - Vatteninformationssystem Sverige. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- "Fredningstider och fredningsområden" [Closed seasons and zones]. www.lansstyrelsen.se. Gotland County Administrative Board. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- "Förslag till nya områden som riksintresse för friluftsliv" [Proposition about new areas of national interest for outdoors activities]. www.lansstyrelsen.se. Gotland County Administrative Board. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
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