Lake Barrine, Queensland

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Lake Barrine
Queensland
Lake Barrine is located in Queensland
Lake Barrine
Lake Barrine
Coordinates17°14′46″S 145°38′27″E / 17.2461°S 145.6408°E / -17.2461; 145.6408Coordinates: 17°14′46″S 145°38′27″E / 17.2461°S 145.6408°E / -17.2461; 145.6408
Population152 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density7.45/km2 (19.30/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4884
Area20.4 km2 (7.9 sq mi)
LGA(s)Tablelands Region
State electorate(s)Hill
Federal Division(s)Kennedy
Suburbs around Lake Barrine:
Barrine Barrine Danbulla
Yungaburra Lake Barrine Gadgarra
Lake Eacham Lake Eacham Gadgarra

Lake Barrine is a rural locality in the Tablelands Region, Queensland, Australia.[2] In the 2016 census, Lake Barrine had a population of 152 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

The locality is on the Atherton Tableland. It takes its name from the lake of the same name in the west of the locality, which in turn comes from the Aboriginal word "barrang", meaning big water.[3] The lake and surrounding area is part of the Crater Lakes National Park. The rest of the locality is used for farming.[4]

History[edit]

In the 1880s, there was logging of the rainforest timbers. However, concern about the potential loss of large kauri and cedar pines near the lake led to the establishment of a scenic reserve in 1888 to protect the trees. In 1920, George and Margaret Curry established a tourism business with lake cruises and a tea house. The completion of the Cairns Range Road (now known as the Gillies Highway) from Gordonvale to Atherton in 1926 provided much better access to the area for tourists.[5] In 1934, the Queensland Government created the Lake Barrine National Park.[6]

The Lakebank State School opened on 18 July 1922. In 1936 it was renamed Lake Barrine State School. It closed on 30 June 1949.[7]

During World War II, air raids on Australian towns by Japan and the fear of an invasion by the Japanese led to evacuations from northern Australian towns. In March 1942, the students of St Augustine's College in Cairns were evacuated to the guest house at Lake Barrine.[8] In late 1942, Lieutenant General Thomas Blamey decided to establish army facilities on the Atherton Tableland for the recuperation and training of troops returning from the Middle East to defend Australia against the Japanese. With 40,000 troops on the Atherton Tableland, Lake Barrine became an important recreational facility and the guest house was used by the 2/1 Australian Army Convalescent Depot. After the war ended, the Curry family resumed their tourist business at the lake.[5]

In 1988, UNESCO declared the Wet Tropics of Queensland a World Heritage site with 14 areas protected, one of which was 484 hectares (1,200 acres) at Lake Barrine.[9] In 1994, the Queensland Government merged the Lake Barrine National Park and the Lake Eacham National Park to form Crater Lakes National Park.[6]

Education[edit]

There are no schools in Lake Barrine. The nearest public primary school is Yungaburra State School. The nearest public secondary schools are Atherton State High School and Malanda State High School.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lake Barrine (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 November 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Lake Barrine - locality in Tablelands Region (entry 48717)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  3. ^ "Lake Barrine - lake in the Tablelands Region (entry 1752)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  5. ^ a b "2/1 Australian Convalescent Depot". Queensland WWII Historic Places. Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 15 November 2018. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Crater Lakes National Park Management Statement 2013" (PDF). Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport and Racing. Queensland Government. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 November 2018. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  7. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  8. ^ "Saints History". St Augustine's College. Archived from the original on 15 November 2018. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Wet Tropics of Queensland". World Heritage List. UNESCO. Archived from the original on 15 November 2018. Retrieved 15 November 2018.