Lake Buchanan (Texas)
|Lake Buchanan (Texas)|
Landsat 5 image of Lake Buchanan in October 2011
|Location||Burnet / Llano counties, Texas, USA|
|Primary inflows||Colorado River|
|Primary outflows||Colorado River|
|Managing agency||Lower Colorado River Authority|
|Surface area||22,333 acres (34.9 sq mi; 90.4 km2)|
|Max. depth||132 ft (40 m)|
|Water volume||875,566 acre·ft (1.079995 km3)|
|Surface elevation||1,020 ft (310 m)|
Lake Buchanan was formed by the construction of Buchanan Dam by the Lower Colorado River Authority to provide a water supply for the region and to provide hydroelectric power. Buchanan Dam, a structure over 2 mi (3.2 km) in length, was completed in 1939. Lake Buchanan was the first of the Texas Highland Lakes to be formed, and with 22,333 acres (34.9 sq mi; 90.4 km2) of surface water, it is also the largest. The surface of the lake includes area in both Burnet and Llano Counties. The lake is west of the city of Burnet, Texas.
The lake is named for Representative James P. Buchanan (1867–1937), who is credited with securing the funding to build the lake and dam.
Lake Buchanan was artificially created upon the completion of the adjacent Buchanan Dam in 1938. Work on the dam itself began in April 1931, but was suspended a year later. Work resumed in 1935, with the dam completed three years later. However, deliberate impounding of the reservoir began in May 1937. Initially, the dam and resulting reservoir project was known as Hamilton Dam and Reservoir, but its name was changed to honor Texas State Representative James P. Buchanan upon the completion of the project; Buchanan had been responsible for securing the funding for the project. The flooding of the lake forced the community of Bluffton to relocate 5 mi (8.0 km) westward. The abandoned community was soon inundated; however, a drought in 2011 caused Lake Buchanan's water level to drop significantly, exposing the remains of the town.
Fish and wildlife populations
Lake Buchanan has been stocked with several species of fish intended to improve the utility of the reservoir for recreational fishing. Fish present in Lake Buchanan include largemouth bass, catfish, white bass, and striped bass. Lake Buchanan is a level-controlled reservoir, and will not be allowed to flood during periods of heavy rain. The lake level can, however, drop significantly during periods of drought.
Much of the property bordering Lake Buchanan is privately owned. Many lakeside cottages and homes are rented out on a regular basis. The Lower Colorado River Authority maintains three parks on the lake: Cedar Point Recreation Area, Black Rock Park, and Canyon of the Eagles. County parks and private marinas offer boating access to the lake. Fall Creek Winery, the oldest winery in the Texas Hill Country, is located at the confluence of Fall Creek and Lake Buchanan.
- Breeding, Seth D. "Lake Buchanan". The Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
- The Highland Lakes of Burnet County. "Lake Buchanan - A Gorgeous Hill Country Vacation Destination". Burnet, Texas: Burnet County Tourism. Retrieved 14 August 2013.