Lake County, Michigan

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Lake County, Michigan
Map of Michigan highlighting Lake County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1840, organized 1871.[1]
Seat Baldwin
Largest village Baldwin
Area
 • Total 574 sq mi (1,487 km2)
 • Land 567 sq mi (1,469 km2)
 • Water 6.9 sq mi (18 km2), 1.2%
Population
 • (2010) 11,539
 • Density 20/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.lakecounty-michigan.com

Lake County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,539.[2] The county seat is Baldwin.[3]

History[edit]

A detail from A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances (1842) by Henry Schenck Tanner, showing Lake County as Aishcum, the county's name from 1840 to 1843.[4] Several nearby counties are also shown with names that would later be changed.

The county was created by the Michigan Legislature in 1840 as Aishcum County, then renamed Lake County in 1843, for its many lakes. It was administered by a succession of other Michigan counties prior to the organization of county government in 1871.[1][4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 574 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 567 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 6.9 square miles (18 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 548
1880 3,233 490.0%
1890 6,505 101.2%
1900 4,957 −23.8%
1910 4,939 −0.4%
1920 4,437 −10.2%
1930 4,066 −8.4%
1940 4,798 18.0%
1950 5,257 9.6%
1960 5,338 1.5%
1970 5,661 6.1%
1980 7,711 36.2%
1990 8,583 11.3%
2000 11,333 32.0%
2010 11,539 1.8%
Est. 2016 11,496 [6] −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 11,333 people, 4,704 households, and 3,052 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 13,498 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.66% White, 11.17% Black or African American, 1.01% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races. 1.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.2% were of English ancestry, 20.0% were of German ancestry, 8.4% were of Irish ancestry, and 6.1% were of Dutch ancestry according to 2010 American Community Survey estimates. 97.5% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 4,704 households out of which 23.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 27.60% from 45 to 64, and 19.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 109.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,622, and the median income for a family was $32,086. Males had a median income of $30,124 versus $21,886 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,457. About 14.70% of families and 19.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.30% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over. 24/7 Wall St. reported that Lake County is the poorest county in Michigan.[12]

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 59.0% 3,159 36.2% 1,939 4.9% 260
2012 46.8% 2,487 51.8% 2,752 1.3% 71
2008 42.9% 2,269 55.2% 2,919 2.0% 104
2004 47.7% 2,503 51.0% 2,675 1.3% 68
2000 41.8% 1,961 55.1% 2,584 3.2% 148
1996 27.6% 1,213 59.3% 2,606 13.1% 575
1992 26.3% 1,194 51.7% 2,351 22.0% 1,001
1988 46.3% 1,713 53.0% 1,958 0.7% 27
1984 53.1% 2,125 46.1% 1,845 0.8% 33
1980 43.2% 1,730 51.0% 2,041 5.8% 232
1976 42.0% 1,598 57.2% 2,179 0.8% 31
1972 48.9% 1,532 49.4% 1,548 1.6% 51
1968 39.1% 1,094 53.0% 1,482 7.9% 222
1964 28.6% 791 71.4% 1,978 0.0% 1
1960 52.3% 1,441 47.6% 1,313 0.1% 3
1956 59.8% 1,614 40.1% 1,083 0.1% 2
1952 57.5% 1,549 41.8% 1,127 0.7% 20
1948 54.1% 1,348 43.3% 1,077 2.6% 65
1944 58.8% 1,145 40.8% 794 0.4% 7
1940 56.6% 1,413 42.9% 1,070 0.5% 12
1936 43.8% 1,091 53.6% 1,337 2.6% 65
1932 42.9% 991 53.7% 1,241 3.5% 80
1928 73.1% 1,147 26.1% 409 0.9% 14
1924 68.8% 1,069 20.1% 313 11.1% 172
1920 74.8% 926 21.1% 261 4.1% 51
1916 60.7% 588 35.8% 347 3.5% 34
1912 24.0% 227 19.7% 186 56.3% 532
1908 68.9% 673 25.9% 253 5.2% 51
1904 79.4% 907 18.5% 211 2.1% 24
1900 68.9% 841 28.7% 350 2.5% 30
1896 60.6% 888 37.3% 547 2.1% 30
1892 47.8% 648 45.0% 610 7.2% 98
1888 54.2% 1,061 41.3% 807 4.5% 88
1884 55.4% 951 38.2% 656 6.4% 109

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of December 2016)

Communities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Lake County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved 2016-11-04. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ a b Newberry Library. "Michigan: Individual County Chronologies". Atlas of County Historical Boundaries. Retrieved 2016-11-04. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ Frohlich, Thomas C.; Kent, Alexander; Sauter, Michael B.; Stebbins, Sam (January 27, 2016). "The Poorest County in Every State". 24/7 Wall St. Retrieved January 27, 2016. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°59′N 85°49′W / 43.99°N 85.81°W / 43.99; -85.81