Lake County, Florida
|Lake County, Florida|
Old Lake County Courthouse
Location in the U.S. state of Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
|Founded||May 27, 1887|
|• Total||1,157 sq mi (2,997 km2)|
|• Land||938 sq mi (2,429 km2)|
|• Water||219 sq mi (567 km2), 18.9%|
|• Density||369/sq mi (142/km2)|
|Congressional districts||6th, 11th, 15th|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC−5/−4|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Communities
- 8 Notable people
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
In 1949 the Groveland Four, four young African-American men were wrongly accused of raping a white woman near town. They were Ernest Thomas (who was married), Charles Greenlee (then 16), Samuel Shepherd and Walter Irvin (both veterans of World War II). Thomas fled and was killed by a posse several days later. The three suspects were interrogated under torture and two gave coerced confessions. All three were wrongfully convicted at trial by an all-white jury: Greenlee was sentenced to life because of his age; Shepherd and Irvin were sentenced to death. Two of the convictions were overturned in 1951 by the U. S. Supreme Court in a case argued by NAACP special counsel Thurgood Marshall. The Court remanded the case to the lower court, ordering a new trial for Samuel Shepherd and Walter Irvin. They were shot by Lake County Sheriff Willis McCall while being transferred, in handcuffs, from the state prison to to Taveres, the county seat, for the new trial. Shepherd was killed but Irvin survived, to be tried and convicted again. Although sentenced to death, in 1955 Irvin received a commuted sentence to life from the new governor. In 1968 Irvin was paroled. In 1970 he died in Groveland of natural causes. Greenlee moved to Tennessee with his wife and child when released from prison.
The descendants of the Groveland Four petitioned Florida governor Rick Scott in 2012 for an apology from the State of Florida, citing new evidence of the county medical examiner, from an FBI file on the case, that no rape had taken placed. The prosecution had suppressed this evidence at trials. Gilbert King's book Devil in the Grove (2012) documents this episode. In 2016 the City of Groveland and Lake County formally apologized to the families; in 2017 both houses of the Florida legislature resolutions apologizing to the families and exonerating each of the accused men.
National protected areas
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 210,528 people, 88,413 households, and 62,507 families residing in the county. The population density was 221 people per square mile (85/km²). There were 102,830 housing units at an average density of 108 per square mile (42/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.46% White, 8.31% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.88% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 5.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 88,413 households out of which 23.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.75.
In the county, the population was spread out with 20.30% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 26.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,903, and the median income for a family was $42,577. Males had a median income of $31,475 versus $23,545 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,199. About 6.90% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.
Lake County is represented by U.S. Representatives Ron DeSantis (R-FL6), Daniel Webster (R-FL11), and Dennis Ross (R-FL15). In the Florida Senate, Lake County is represented by Senators Dorothy Hukill (R-FL8), and Alan Hays (R-FL11) . In the Florida House, Lake County is represented by Florida Representatives Jennifer Sullivan (R-FL31), and the vacant (FL32), and (FL33) districts.
The Lake County Library System consists of 15 branches:
- Astor County Library
- Cagan Crossings Community Library
- Cooper Memorial Library
- East Lake County Library
- Fruitland Park Library
- Helen Lehmann Memorial Library
- Lady Lake Public Library
- Leesburg Public Library
- Marianne Beck Memorial Library
- Marion Baysinger Memorial Library
- Minneola Schoolhouse Library
- Paisley County Library
- Tavares Public Library
- Umatilla Public Library
- W.T. Bland Public Library
Lake County has voted Republican in U. S. Presidential races since 1948.
Senate and House
Lake County last voted for a Democrat in a United States Senate race in 2006, when US Senator Bill Nelson won in Florida and won Lake County 55.57% to Katherine Harris's 42.79%. He lost the county in 2012, but won the election.
2012 general election results
Corrine Brown (D) vs. LeAnne Kolb (R): 70.8% to 26.3%
Alan Grayson (D) vs. Todd Long (R): 62.5% to 37.5%
Daniel Webster (R) vs. Val Demings (D): 51.7% to 48.3%
Richard Nugent (R) vs. David Werder (D): 64.5% to 35.5%
Dorothy Hukill (R) vs. Frank Bruno (D): 57.0% to 43.0%
Alan Hays (R) vs. John Iller (I): 71.6% to 28.4%
All three Florida House Representatives were not contested in 2012.
2010 general election results
Florida governor: Rick Scott (R) vs. Alex Sink (D): 48.87% to 47.72%
US Senator: Marco Rubio (R) vs. Charlie Crist (I) vs. Kendrick Meek (D): 48.89% to 29.71% to 20.20%
Data comes from the Lake County Supervisor of Elections.
|Party||Number of Registered Voters||%|
There are a number of public schools in the county.
The following colleges are located in the county:
- Florida's Turnpike runs north and south from Southeastern and Central Florida. Three interechanges exist in the county; US 27/SR 19 (Exit 285), southbound US 27 (Exit 289) and the more recently built County Road 470 (Exit 296).
- US 27 is the main local road through western Lake County, running south to north. It spans from Four Corners to The Villages.
- US 441 is another south to north US highway running through Mount Dora from Orange County around Lake Dora, where it merges with SR 44, has a wrong-way concurrency with SR 19 in Tavares, and lets go of SR 44 in Leesburg only to join US 27 as they both head into Marion County.
- SR 19 is a mostly scenic north and south road from SR 50 in Groveland through Tavares, Eustis, and Ocala National Forest.
- SR 33 is the north-south road from Lakeland in Polk County to Groveland. A county extension exists as a hidden route along SR 50 to Mascotte, where it become an exposed county road leading to US 27 in Okahumpka.
- SR 40 is the northernmost east-west route in Lake County, and runs through Ocala National Forest.
- SR 44 runs east and west through Central Lake County from west of Leesburg where it joins southbound US 441 until it breaks away near Mount Dora and heads northeast into Volusia County.
- SR 46 starts at an interchange with US 441 and County Road 46 in Mount Dora and through Sorrento and Mount Plymouth along the northern border of Orange County.
- SR 50 is the main east-west road through southern Lake County.
Other unincorporated communities
- Flora Call and Elias Disney were married January 1, 1888, in the Lake County town of Kismet. They lived for a short time in the adjoining town of Acron, Florida. They were the parents of Walt Disney.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 32.
- "Groveland Four petitioned", Orlando Sentinel, 07 September 2012
- Gilbert King (6 March 2012). Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-209771-2. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- Bonanno, Chris (January 31, 2015). "Severe weather awareness week well-timed". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. pp. 3A, 8A. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "At Least 19 Dead After Central Fla. Storms", Local 16; WKMG Orlando, 04 February 2007
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Crampton, Vincent. "You won't get light-headed atop Florida's highest point". OrlandoSentinel.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Region III - Correctional Facility Office Archived 2008-06-13 at the Wayback Machine.." Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
- "Lake Correctional Institution." Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
- Lake County Library System. Online, available: https://www.mylakelibrary.org/
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-06-15.
- Department, Lake County Board of County Commissioners, Communications. "Welcome - Lake County Supervisor of Elections". www.lakevotes.com. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
- Show, Christine (November 22, 2008). "Tavares keeps it simple in naming seaplane base". Orlando Sentinel.
- "Tavares Seaplane Base & Marina". City of Tavares. Archived from the original on 17 June 2010. Retrieved 16 June 2010.
- Mid Florida Air Services Airport
- "Walt Disney by Neal Gabler - eBook - Random House - Read an Excerpt". Random House. 2006-10-31. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lake County, Florida.|
- Lake County Board of County Commissioners
- Lake County Supervisor of Elections
- Lake County Property Appraiser
- Lake County Sheriff's Office
- Lake County Tax Collector
- Lake County School Board
- Project Student Safety
- St. Johns River Water Management District
- Southwest Florida Water Management District
- Lake County Clerk of Circuit and County Courts
- Public Defender, 5th Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Citrus, Hernando, Lake, Marion, and Sumter counties
- Office of the State Attorney, 5th Judicial Circuit of Florida
- 5th Judicial Circuit of Florida
- Photographs[permanent dead link] From the State Library & Archives of Florida.
- Workforce Central Florida
- Lake County Collection on RICHES Mosaic Interface