Lake Isabella

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Lake Isabella
Wfm lake isabella landsat.jpg
Satellite image of Lake Isabella
LocationKern County, California, United States
Coordinates35°40′17.69″N 118°25′38.05″W / 35.6715806°N 118.4272361°W / 35.6715806; -118.4272361Coordinates: 35°40′17.69″N 118°25′38.05″W / 35.6715806°N 118.4272361°W / 35.6715806; -118.4272361
Lake typereservoir
Primary inflowsUpper Kern River, South Fork Kern River
Primary outflowsLower Kern River
Basin countriesUnited States
Surface area11,000 acres (4,500 ha)
Water volume568,000 acre feet (701,000 dam3)
Surface elevation2,500 ft (760 m)

Lake Isabella also called Isabella Lake,[1][2] is a reservoir in Kern County, California, United States created by the earthen Isabella Dam. It was formed in 1953 when the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers dammed the Kern River at the junction of its two forks at Whiskey Flat. At 11,000 acres (4,500 ha), it is one of the larger reservoirs in California. The area is in the southern end of the Sierra Nevada range and the lake itself is located in low mountains at an elevation of approximately 2,500 ft (760 m) where summer temperatures reach over 100 °F (38 °C) but low enough to avoid winter snows on the surrounding ridges. Lake Isabella is located about 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Bakersfield, and is the main water supply for that city. Lake Isabella can be reached by car from Bakersfield via state Highway 178 and from Delano via Highway 155. The former towns of Isabella and Kernville were flooded by the newly created reservoir.

Isabella Dam deficiency[edit]

In 2006, Isabella Dam was found to be too unstable to hold a full amount of water and approximately 40% of a full reservoir had to be let out to restabilize the earth works.[citation needed] Presently the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers won't let the water get above 60% of capacity until an estimated 10–15 years of studies and repairs are made.(completion date needed) To further add to this problem the Isabella Dam bisects an active fault that could lead to a catastrophic failure if an earthquake occurs along it. This fault was considered inactive when the site was studied in the late 1940s.

Recreation[edit]

The dam is operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and several recreation areas are located around the lake as a part of the Sequoia National Forest. The lake is a dividing point. Upper Kern River flows into Lake Isabella, Lower Kern River flows out of the dam and toward Bakersfield. The nearby towns of Lake Isabella and Kernville receive economic benefit from tourism created by the Lake Isabella Recreation Area and the whitewater rafting attraction of the Upper and Lower Kern River. Much of the wilderness surrounding the lake is part of the Sequoia National Forest.

Gallery[edit]

Panorama of Lake Isabella with very low water level
Panorama of Lake Isabella taken just above Isabella Dam showing how low the water level was as of August 1, 2015.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Isabella Lake
  2. ^ Durham, David L. (2000). Durham's Place Names of Central California: Includes Madera, Fresno, Tulare, Kings & Kern Counties. Quill Driver Books. p. 132. ISBN 978-1-884995-33-0.